Review education policies

Examine the OECD's extensive research and analysis of education policy around the world. Get a quick overview of key insights and policy options for a wide range of topics in education. Or delve deeper into the OECD knowledge base through quick and easy access to related websites and publications.


Education is complex. Policies and practices, as well as inputs, processes and outcomes, stand in a dynamic relationship with each other. Explore how different topics can be related through a visual network of education policy.


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Note

The development of education policies always needs to take into account country-specific traditions and features of respective education systems. Not all policy options are equally relevant for different countries, different contexts give rise to different priorities. In some countries, policy suggestions may already be in place; in others, they may have less relevance owing to specific social, economic and educational structures and traditions. Policy options rather distil potentially useful ideas and lessons from the experiences of countries that have been searching for ways to improve their education system. As policy options are removed from their wider analytical context, it is strongly advised that readers should refer back to the original OECD source for the fuller picture.

Equity

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Fair and inclusive education is desirable for a number of reasons. Everyone has a human right to develop their capacities and to participate fully in society. Education and the skills and knowledge it provides also strongly influence one's life chances, employment opportunities and wages, and health, as well as one's future contribution to society and the economy. A lack of inclusion and fairness may also lead to retention and/or school dropout, both of which have high economic and social costs. Furthermore, education plays an important role for general patterns of social and income inequality and mobility. For all these reasons, improving equity in education is a high priority in all OECD countries. Indeed, investing in equity pays off and equity in education goes hand in hand with quality and efficiency.  More

Organisation & Governance

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Governments in every country set up the overall framework that shapes their education system and defines its operation. They determine the organisation and structure of the system, who is allowed to provide compulsory education, what choices of schools are available to parents and students, what mechanisms are in place to finance education, its overall goals, as well as the standards by which providers are held accountable.  More

Access & Participation
Career guidance
Organisation & Governance
School choice
School autonomy
Parental involvement
Public & Private stakeholders
Finance & Funding
Sources of funding
Use and allocation of public funds
Student support
School resources
Learning environment
Teacher practices
Learning time & Disciplinary climate
Curriculum & Instruction time
Class size & Student-teacher ratio
Student engagement and motivation
Students' Well-Being
Teachers
Teacher initial education
Teacher professional development
Teacher employment
Teacher working conditions
Evaluation & Quality assurance
Student assessment
Teacher appraisal
School evaluation
School leader appraisal
System evaluation
Equity
Digital divide
Special needs
Gender
Socio-economic status
Migrant background
Economic & Social outcomes
Public returns
Labour market outcomes
Earnings
Social & Health outcomes
Innovation
Regional development
Internationalisation
Cross-border quality assurance
Student mobility
Research & Innovation in education
School leadership
School leader preparation and development
School leader employment
School leader working conditions
Trends shaping education
Attainment
Skills