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Slovak Republic
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Slovak Republic
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In the Slovak Republic, men are more likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 55% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In the Slovak Republic, 49% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 29% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, the Slovak Republic invested a total of USD 7 025 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 3.7% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 78% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in the Slovak Republic, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 61% to 100% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in the Slovak Republic compared to 86% - 91% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.5 %, rank 41/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (61.7 %, rank 1/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a general upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4 %, rank 40/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.2 %, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (3.2 %, rank 45/46 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.5 %, rank 39/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (48.3 %, rank 1/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69.2 %, rank 1/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 %, rank 40/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.9 %, rank 36/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 36/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained below upper secondary education in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.9 %, rank 35/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the largest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (49 %, rank 9/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate of 6-14 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.8 %, rank 42/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.5 %, rank 5/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of four-year-olds in early childhood and primary education in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (79.4 %, rank 36/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students in government-dependent private tertiary educational institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.7 %, rank 17/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 20-24 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (31.7 %, rank 34/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 25-29 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.3 %, rank 40/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 30-39 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2 %, rank 36/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 33/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 3-5 year-old children in early childhood and primary education in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (77.8 %, rank 34/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.5 %, rank 3/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in school- and work-based programmes among all upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14.1 %, rank 15/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme before the age of 35 ranks as one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.3 %, rank 6/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (26.2 %, rank 26/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (25 %, rank 22/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree before the age of 35 is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (25.7 %, rank 2/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Among OECD countries and partner economies with available data, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (29.4 %, rank 25/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (27.6 %, rank 23/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of men (excluding international students) expected to be first-time graduates from tertiary education before the age of 30 is relatively small. (20.4 %, rank 22/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of women (excluding international students) expected to be first-time graduates from tertiary education before the age of 30 is relatively small. (35.2 %, rank 24/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.2 %, rank 4/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of long first degree master's graduates in public institutions is relatively high in Slovak Republic. (100 %, rank 1/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of first-time short-cycle graduates is relatively low in Slovak Republic. (3.6 %, rank 20/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time bachelor's graduates is relatively high in Slovak Republic. (88.1 %, rank 9/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at post-secondary non-tertiary level is comparatively important . (100 %, rank 1/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Slovak Republic has one of the largest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (62.2 %, rank 5/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (57.6 %, rank 5/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of male tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.6 %, rank 34/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of female post-secondary non-tertiary graduates in the field of services is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36.8 %, rank 24/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by age

    In Slovak Republic, the average age of post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (29.1 Years, rank 16/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the average age of first-time tertiary graduates is relatively low. (24 Years, rank 23/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of first-time master's graduates younger than 35 is relatively high. (91.1 %, rank 8/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of first-time doctorate graduates younger than 35 is relatively high. (70.5 %, rank 9/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Slovak Republic is relatively large. (16 %, rank 5/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Slovak Republic is relatively large. (13.6 %, rank 8/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22.2 %, rank 10/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (12.3 %, rank 19/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (7 %, rank 32/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (18.5 %, rank 32/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.2 %, rank 31/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all national tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 30/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (11.7 %, rank 31/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics ans statistics is relatively small. (33.8 %, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Slovak Republic, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 37/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international or foreign students from Europe are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (89.2 %, rank 3/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (31.1 %, rank 4/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of international graduates among first-time master's graduates is relatively low. (6.6 %, rank 24/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively low. (8.7 %, rank 24/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (7.4 %, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (4.8 %, rank 31/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (11.1 %, rank 31/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (2.5 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (9.8 %, rank 28/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14.4 %, rank 29/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12 %, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (49 %, rank 26/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (36 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (73 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The annual training costs per participant are one of the lowest across OECD countries and partner countries. (917.8 %, rank 23/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Slovak Republic. (899.4 %, rank 21/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of over 249 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Slovak Republic. (964.6 %, rank 21/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (56.1 %, rank 9/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (61.1 %, rank 29/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (37.1 %, rank 8/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of over of 249 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (70 %, rank 6/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (36 %, rank 34/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (29 %, rank 35/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (50 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7854 USD Equivalent, rank 29/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7305 USD Equivalent, rank 28/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6873 USD Equivalent, rank 31/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (6045 USD Equivalent, rank 24/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (7455 USD Equivalent, rank 24/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary to tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (6275 USD Equivalent, rank 23/24 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively low. (7025 USD Equivalent, rank 30/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    At primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level, the public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (6419 USD Equivalent, rank 30/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7243 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 28/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Slovak Republic. (6846 USD Equivalent, rank 28/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8098 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 28/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies. (3.7 %, rank 32/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (0.9 %, rank 32/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, public and private expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (2.8 %, rank 32/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (3.1 %, rank 35/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for tertiary education is low compared to 2015. (60 Index, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for primary to tertiary education is low compared to 2015. (84 Index, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international expenditure as a percentage of GDP on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively high. (0.1 %, rank 3/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary level is low. (2.5 %, rank 23/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on educational institutions at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level is relatively high in Slovak Republic. (3.7 %, rank 8/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to tertiary education is high. (0 USD Equivalent, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1.3 %, rank 30/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Slovak Republic. (3.1 %, rank 22/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on primary to tertiary education in Slovak Republic is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3 %, rank 8/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education in Slovak Republic is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.4 %, rank 3/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent student in tertiary education is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic. (-3.2 %, rank 31/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    At tertiary level, the public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (0.6 %, rank 24/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on tertiary education in Slovak Republic is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.6 %, rank 4/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Slovak Republic, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (8.2 %, rank 36/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Slovak Republic compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.4 %, rank 33/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international expenditure from initial source of funds on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (3.2 %, rank 4/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on primary to tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively large in Slovak Republic. (3.7 %, rank 7/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total public expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small in Slovak Republic. (92 Index, rank 34/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on tertiary education from initial source of funds in Slovak Republic is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.3 %, rank 9/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total government expenditure is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (100 Index, rank 39/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Nature of expenditure

    In Slovak Republic, the share of capital expenditure on primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.3 %, rank 27/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of current expenditure on primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95.7 %, rank 6/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively in Slovak Republic. (4.1 %, rank 29/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of current expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95.9 %, rank 6/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Slovak Republic. (3.9 %, rank 28/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Slovak Republic. (96.1 %, rank 7/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of capital expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (5.4 %, rank 13/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of current expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high . (94.6 %, rank 5/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.6 %, rank 2/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (90.2 %, rank 9/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (76.1 %, rank 10/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in upper secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (71.9 %, rank 4/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (64.9 %, rank 6/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (61.1 %, rank 4/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (77.6 %, rank 6/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in general upper secondary education in Slovak Republic is relatively large. (73.5 %, rank 5/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of women among teaching staff in vocational upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (71.2 %, rank 2/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers under 30 in lower secondary education is especially high in Slovak Republic. (76.1 %, rank 6/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Females under 30 represent a large proportion of teachers in upper secondary education in Slovak Republic. (77.8 %, rank 4/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of female teachers younger than 30 in tertiary education is relatively large. (60.1 %, rank 5/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Females aged 50 or more represent a large proportion of teachers in primary education in Slovak Republic. (92.6 %, rank 7/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in lower secondary education is especially high in Slovak Republic. (78.2 %, rank 7/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in upper secondary education is especially high in Slovak Republic. (72 %, rank 4/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.56 Ratio, rank 21/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.72 Ratio, rank 22/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.72 Ratio, rank 22/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.75 Ratio, rank 23/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The change between 2005 and 2013 in statutory salaries for lower secondary teachers with 15 years of experience and minimum training is comparatively large in Slovak Republic. (140 Index, rank 1/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (30 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18937 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24354 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24354 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25356 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19295 USD Equivalent, rank 33/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19295 USD Equivalent, rank 33/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15797 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19295 USD Equivalent, rank 33/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14 USD Equivalent, rank 20/20 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The change in statutory pre-primary teachers' salaries with 15 years of experience, based on most prevalent qualifications at different points in their careers is comparatively large in Slovak Republic. (139 Index, rank 2/20 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the least rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.29 Ratio, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (16757 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18838 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (21583 USD Equivalent, rank 34/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (16757 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18838 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (16757 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18838 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (21583 USD Equivalent, rank 34/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13524 USD Equivalent, rank 30/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (15429 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (17673 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of primary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.29 Ratio, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.29 Ratio, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers longer to progress through the salary scale in Slovak Republic compared to other OECD and partner countries. (40 Years, rank 2/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.3 Ratio, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.6 Ratio, rank 29/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (7.6 Ratio, rank 20/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the ratio of students to teaching staff in bachelor's and tertiary advanced research programmes is one of the lowest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.4 Ratio, rank 25/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.8 Ratio, rank 9/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Slovak Republic, total intended instruction time for primary students is relatively short. (2693 Hours, rank 28/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the average intended instruction time, in hours per year, for primary students is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (673 Hours, rank 26/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, total intended instruction time for primary and lower secondary students is relatively short. (6788 Hours, rank 24/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively long. (4095 Hours, rank 4/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the average compulsory instruction time, in hours per year, for lower secondary students is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (819 Hours, rank 29/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, total intended instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively long. (4095 Hours, rank 5/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average hours per year dedicated to intended instruction time for lower secondary students in Slovak Republic is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (819 Hours, rank 28/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (36.5 %, rank 44/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (73.4 %, rank 44/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (83.8 %, rank 32/41 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.3 %, rank 32/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Slovak Republic. (35.4 %, rank 42/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (42 %, rank 43/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (43.2 %, rank 43/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Slovak Republic. (46 %, rank 42/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Slovak Republic. (23.6 %, rank 41/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with tertiary education is compartively low in Slovak Republic. (69 %, rank 37/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary education is comparatively high. (31.8 %, rank 2/42 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is high in Slovak Republic. (48.1 %, rank 1/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is high in Slovak Republic. (18.8 %, rank 5/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high. (9.8 %, rank 10/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (67 Index, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (123 Index, rank 29/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (125 Index, rank 29/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Bachelor's or equivalent education are comparatively low. (120 Index, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (77 Index, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (72 %, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (79.9 %, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who believe they have a say in government is among the lowest across OECD and partner countries. (17.1 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (48.5 %, rank 20/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (18.1 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults with a tertiary education who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does relatively is low. (27 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    The share of women among tertiary education new entrants is one of the largest compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.3 %, rank 10/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes in Slovak Republic is comparatively large. (67.3 %, rank 3/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of men (excluding international students) expected to enter tertiary education before the age of 25 is relatively low. (37.2 %, rank 24/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of young people expected to enter in a short-cycle tertiary programme before the age of 25 is relatively low. (0.9 %, rank 27/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of young people (excluding international students) expected to enter in short-cycle tertiary programme before the age of 25 is relatively low. (0.9 %, rank 24/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth (excluding international students) expected to enter bachelor's or equivalent programme before the age of 25 is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (40.6 %, rank 23/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth (excluding international students) expected to enter tertiary education before the age of 25 is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (43.9 %, rank 22/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of first-time entrants into master's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is relatively high. (86.8 %, rank 10/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of first-time entrants into doctorate's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.9 %, rank 8/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Slovak Republic has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 30. (26 %, rank 5/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of today's young people (excluding international students) expected to enter master's programmes before the age of 25 is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (1.5 %, rank 4/30 , 2019) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
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    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
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    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
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    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
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    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
    Visualisations
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Slovak Republic

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Slovak Republic

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.