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Slovak Republic
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Diagram of the education system

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  • Diagram of education system in country language


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  • Education system in Slovak Republic

    Slovak Republic
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2020)
  • On average, 68% of all upper secondary students enrol in VET programmes in the Slovak Republic, a higher proportion than the OECD average of 42%.
  • In 2019, 39% of 25-34 year-olds had a tertiary degree in the Slovak Republic compared to 45% on average across OECD countries.
  • In the Slovak Republic, in 2018, 25-64 year-olds with a tertiary degree with income from full-time, full-year employment earned 55% more than full-time, full-year workers with upper secondary education compared to 54% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2017, the Slovak Republic invested a total of USD 7 562 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 11 231 on average across OECD countries. This represents 3.6% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2018, 78% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in the Slovak Republic, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 73% - 73% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in the Slovak Republic compared to 78-80% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (61.6 %, rank 1/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a general upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.8 %, rank 37/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.9 %, rank 38/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old women who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.8 %, rank 36/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.2 %, rank 37/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (3.2 %, rank 45/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.4 %, rank 4/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (47.1 %, rank 1/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.6 %, rank 1/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.4 %, rank 38/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.7 %, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 37/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (28.8 Years, rank 16/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the average age of first-time tertiary graduates is relatively low. (24.6 Years, rank 19/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of first-time master's graduates younger than 35 is relatively high. (92.4 %, rank 8/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of first-time doctorate graduates younger than 35 is relatively high. (76.5 %, rank 6/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Slovak Republic has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old men whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.1 %, rank 38/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.2 %, rank 37/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (2.3 %, rank 45/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (4 %, rank 44/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the largest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (48.3 %, rank 10/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of arts is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (1.4 %, rank 17/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (15.2 %, rank 7/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business and administration is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (10.2 %, rank 13/16 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of law is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3 %, rank 10/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (13.3 %, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.4 %, rank 8/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (19.5 %, rank 8/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (medical and dental) is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.6 %, rank 13/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate of 6-14 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.3 %, rank 41/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.8 %, rank 5/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of four-year-olds in early childhood and primary education in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (79.3 %, rank 35/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 31/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of young people expected to enter into tertiary education before the age of 25 is relatively low. (45.1 %, rank 25/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.9 %, rank 3/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in school- and work-based programmes among all upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.3 %, rank 20/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme before the age of 35 ranks as one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.3 %, rank 9/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (27.9 %, rank 25/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree before the age of 35 is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (25.9 %, rank 2/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among OECD countries and partner economies with available data, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (31.1 %, rank 25/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (29.6 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Slovak Republic has one of the largest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (63.2 %, rank 2/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (53.4 %, rank 9/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Slovak Republic is relatively large. (13 %, rank 10/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.6 %, rank 8/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (56.1 %, rank 9/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (61.1 %, rank 29/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (37.1 %, rank 8/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of over of 249 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (70 %, rank 6/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (49 %, rank 26/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (36 %, rank 34/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (36 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (29 %, rank 35/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (73 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (50 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The annual training costs per participant are one of the lowest across OECD countries and partner countries. (917.8 %, rank 23/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Slovak Republic. (899.4 %, rank 21/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of over 249 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Slovak Republic. (964.6 %, rank 21/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (7.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (19 %, rank 30/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.9 %, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics ans statistics is relatively small. (46.4 %, rank 30/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of arts and humanities is relatively small. (7.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of business, administration and law is relatively small. (19 %, rank 30/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    The share of international students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Slovak Republic is relatively small. (9.6 %, rank 28/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 37/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degreee (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (37.2 %, rank 3/21 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of international graduates among first-time master's graduates is relatively low. (6.2 %, rank 25/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 23/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (7.1 %, rank 30/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (4.6 %, rank 33/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (9.6 %, rank 33/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (2.3 %, rank 30/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (2.3 %, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 33/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (3.5 %, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    In Slovak Republic, the share of capital expediture on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.9 %, rank 28/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of current expediture on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (96.1 %, rank 5/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Between 2012 and 2017, the average annual growth rate in total expenditure on educational institutions from primary to tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.7 %, rank 7/31 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, total governement expenditure is relatively low. (95 Index, rank 44/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7562 USD Equivalent, rank 29/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6123 USD Equivalent, rank 25/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6836 USD Equivalent, rank 27/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6652 USD Equivalent, rank 31/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (5621 USD Equivalent, rank 25/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (6979 USD Equivalent, rank 23/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary to tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (5852 USD Equivalent, rank 24/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively low. (6711 USD Equivalent, rank 30/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in primary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6945 USD Equivalent, rank 26/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth of the number of students in primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1.1 %, rank 34/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, between 2012 and 2017, the average annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is one the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.2 %, rank 3/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent students from primary to tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1.4 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth rate of total expenditure per full-time equivalent student in tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.5 %, rank 4/31 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth of the number of full-time equivalent students in tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-2.9 %, rank 32/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies. (3.6 %, rank 31/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (1 %, rank 29/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, government expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively low. (2.5 %, rank 23/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, government expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 25/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, government expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively low. (3.1 %, rank 24/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (3.1 %, rank 36/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The total expenditure on early childhood and care educational institutions, as a percentage of GDP, is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 20/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Slovak Republic, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (8.2 %, rank 37/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Slovak Republic compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.3 %, rank 34/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of private expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.2 %, rank 20/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the total public expenditure on primary through tertiary education from initial sources of funds is comparatively low. (89 Index, rank 37/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Tuition fees

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in master's or equivalent programmes (former tertiary-type A) in public institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 USD Equivalent, rank 16/21 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in independent private institutions for a bachelor's or equivalent level education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2059 USD Equivalent, rank 13/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in independent private institutions for a master's or equivalent level education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2464 USD Equivalent, rank 10/11 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.5 %, rank 3/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (75.9 %, rank 10/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (76.4 %, rank 3/21 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (7 %, rank 32/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21040 USD Equivalent, rank 30/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21040 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15389 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21040 USD Equivalent, rank 31/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.58 Ratio, rank 20/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.74 Ratio, rank 21/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.77 Ratio, rank 20/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (37 USD Equivalent, rank 26/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29 USD Equivalent, rank 30/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32 USD Equivalent, rank 30/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20391 USD Equivalent, rank 22/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26223 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26223 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27302 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21040 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21040 USD Equivalent, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15389 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21040 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (14969 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (17976 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (23189 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (14969 USD Equivalent, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (17976 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (23189 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (14969 USD Equivalent, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (17976 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (23189 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13379 USD Equivalent, rank 30/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (14722 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (16959 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers longer to progress through the salary scale in Slovak Republic compared to other OECD and partner countries. (40 Years, rank 2/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.4 Ratio, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.8 Ratio, rank 27/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (17.5 Ratio, rank 9/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (7.2 Ratio, rank 18/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the ratio of students to teaching staff in bachelor's and tertiary advanced research programmes is one of the lowest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.6 Ratio, rank 25/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Slovak Republic, the intended instruction time for lower secondary students (in hours per year) is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (815 Hours, rank 28/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The total compulsory instruction time for primary students in Slovak Republic is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2678 Hours, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total intended instruction time for primary students (in hours per year) is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2678 Hours, rank 28/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the intended instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (670 Hours, rank 25/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (815 Hours, rank 28/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes are particularly small in lower secondary schools. (19 Students, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively small in Slovak Republic. (19 Students, rank 27/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Slovak Republic. (18 Students, rank 25/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (75.4 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (85 %, rank 34/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (85.4 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (46.9 %, rank 42/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (45.8 %, rank 42/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (9.1 %, rank 31/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (18.4 %, rank 29/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (72.5 %, rank 2/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (12.8 %, rank 29/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (23 %, rank 28/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (27.6 %, rank 23/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Slovak Republic, compared to OECD countries. (41.4 %, rank 8/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is high in Slovak Republic. (46.9 %, rank 1/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is high in Slovak Republic. (18.4 %, rank 4/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively Slovak Republic. (13.9 %, rank 10/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (70 %, rank 31/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (77.7 %, rank 31/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (123 Index, rank 29/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Bachelor's or equivalent education are comparatively low. (120 Index, rank 29/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who believe they have a say in government is among the lowest across OECD and partner countries. (17.1 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (48.5 %, rank 20/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (18.1 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of adults with a tertiary education who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does relatively is low. (27 %, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • While 37% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are in vocational programmes, the share increases to 61% among students over 25.
    • The most popular fields of study among vocational graduates vary at different levels of education. While engineering, manufacturing and construction is the most common broad field at upper secondary level, at short-cycle tertiary level, most students graduate from business, administration and law, or health and welfare.
    • Combined school and work-based learning can help students transition smootly into the labor market. However, only one -third of all upper secondary vocational students are enrolled in school and work-based programmes on average across OECD countries.
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    • Between the age of 3 to 5, 88% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • The estimated expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in ECEC and primary education amounts to an average of 0.6% of GDP. Only in Iceland and Norway does it equal or exceed 1.0%.
    • The ECEC workforce is at the heart of high-quality education. On average across OECD countries, there are 14 children for every teacher working in pre-primary education (ISCED 02).
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    • In 2019, 45% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 28% among 55-64 year-olds, on average across OECD countries.
    • On average across OECD countries, 17% of first-time tertiary entrants enter short-cycle tertiary programmes. The employment rate of adults with a short-cycle tertiary degree is 4 percentage points higher than those with an upper secondary vocational attainment and they earn 16% more, on average across OECD countries.
    • Based on current patterns, it is estimated that 38% of young adults across OECD countries will graduate from tertiary education for the first time before the age of 30 (excluding international students).
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    • In 2017, total expenditure amounted to approximately USD 9 100 per student in primary institutions and USD 10 500 in secondary institutions on average across OECD countries.
    • After increasing between 2005 and 2012, total expenditure on primary to tertiary institutions as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) has fallen to 4.9% in 2017 on average, below its 2005 value of 5.1%. This is due to educational expenditure rising more slowly than GDP over this period, growing by 17% while GDP grew by 27%.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
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    • There are relatively few young teachers (under the age of 30), and the proportion decreases with the level of education. Young teachers make up 12% of the teaching population in primary education, 10% in lower secondary education and 8% in upper secondary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • While instruction time for students increases at higher educational levels, statutory teaching time in public institutions decreases: teachers in OECD countries and economies are required to teach on average 778 hours per year at primary level compared to 680 hours at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • Between 2005 and 2019, the statutory salaries of primary and secondary general teachers - with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications - increased by 2-3%, despite salaries falling after the 2008 economic crisis, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Slovak Republic

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Some countries may have provided data refering to another year, to know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.