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Diagram of the education system

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  • Diagram of education system in country language


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  • > Notes on the education system in Poland
    Education system in Poland

    Poland
    Student performance (PISA 2018)
  • In reading literacy, the main topic of PISA 2018, 15-year-olds in Poland score 512 points compared to an average of 487 points in OECD countries. Girls perform better than boys with a statistically significant difference of 33 points (OECD average: 30 points higher for girls).
  • On average, 15-year-olds score 516 points in mathematics compared to an average of 489 points in OECD countries. Boys perform better than girls with a non statistically significant difference of 1 points (OECD average: 5 points higher for boys).
  • In Poland, the average performance in science of 15-year-olds is 511 points, compared to an average of 489 points in OECD countries. Girls perform better than boys with a non statistically significant difference of 0 points (OECD average: 2 points higher for girls).
  • Socio-economic status explains 12% of the variance in reading performance in Poland (OECD average: 12%).
  • The average difference between advantaged and disadvantaged students in reading is 90 points, compared to an average of 89 in OECD countries. However, 11% of disadvantaged students are academically resilient (OECD average: 11%).
  • In 2018, 15-year-olds in Poland score 520 points in financial literacy compared to an average of 505 points in OECD countries/economies. Some 12% of students perform at the highest level, Level 5 or above, and 10% perform below Level 2 (OECD average, 10% and 15%, respectively)
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Student performance in reading

    The mean score in reading performance is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (512 PISA Score, rank 10/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Boys' performance in reading is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (495 PISA Score, rank 9/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Girls' performance in reading is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (528 PISA Score, rank 9/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low performers in reading (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (14.7 %, rank 68/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low-performing boys in reading (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (19.7 %, rank 67/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low-performing girls in reading (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (9.6 %, rank 68/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student performance in mathematics

    The mean score in mathematics performance is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (516 PISA Score, rank 10/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Girls' performance in mathematics is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (515 PISA Score, rank 10/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low performers in mathematics (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (14.7 %, rank 69/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of top performers in mathematics (proficiency Level 5 or 6) is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (15.8 %, rank 10/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low-performing boys in mathematics (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (15.4 %, rank 69/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low-performing girls in mathematics (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (14.1 %, rank 69/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of top-performing girls in mathematics (proficiency Level 5 or 6) is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (14.7 %, rank 10/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student performance in science

    Boys' performance in science is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (511 PISA Score, rank 10/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low performers in science (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (13.8 %, rank 69/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low-performing boys in science (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (15 %, rank 69/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low-performing girls in science (below proficiency Level 2) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (12.7 %, rank 68/77 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The change in science performance between 2015 and 2018 shows one of the strongest increases among PISA-participating countries and economies. (10 PISA Score, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student performance

    The percentage of low performers in all subjects (mathematics, reading and science) is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (6.7 %, rank 69/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The percentage of 15 year-old students expecting to work as ICT professionals at age 30 is one of the largest among countries and economies participating in PISA. (10 %, rank 3/78 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15 year-old boys expecting to work as ICT professionals at age 30 is one of the largest among countries and economies participating in PISA. (18.9 %, rank 1/78 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Financial literacy

    The mean score in financial literacy is one of the highest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (520 PISA Score, rank 4/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of low performers in financial literacy (below Level 2) is one of the lowest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (9.5 %, rank 18/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of top performers in financial literacy (Level 5) is one of the highest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (11.8 %, rank 6/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The performance difference in financial literacy between students attending schools located in a city or large city (over 100 000 people) and students attending schools located in a village, hamlet or rural area (fewer than 3 000 people), after accounting for student socio-economic status (ESCS) is relatively small compared to the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (16 PISA Score, rank 12/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students who have a bank account and/or a prepaid debit card is one of the lowest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (26.2 %, rank 14/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Poland has one of the lowest standard deviation in performance in financial literacy among the countries and economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (89 PISA Score, rank 14/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of students who hold an account with a bank, building society, post office or credit union is relatively low compared to the other countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (34.5 %, rank 15/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Between 2012 and 2018, the percentage of students who hold an account with a bank, building society, post office or credit union significantly increased. (19 %, rank 2/7 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The change between 2012 and 2018 in the percentage of students who hold a payment or debit card is one of the largest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (17.4 %, rank 8/9 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of students who bought something on line (alone or with a family member) in the 12 months previous to the assessment is one of the highest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (79.3 %, rank 2/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of students who made a payment using a mobile phone in the 12 months previous to the assessment is relatively small compared to the other countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (32.6 %, rank 17/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The change between 2015 and 2018 in the percentage of students who hold a payment or debit card is one of the largest among the countries/economies participating in the PISA financial literacy assessment. (5 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classroom environment

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in socio-economically advantaged schools is one of the smallest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (6.82 Ratio, rank 76/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in schools attended by 15-year-olds is comparatively low in Poland. (7.94 Ratio, rank 72/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Students' engagement, drive and self-beliefs

    A small share of students disagreed or strongly disagreed that 'your intelligence is something about you that you can't change very much'. (40.7 %, rank 71/78 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Performance and socio-economic status

    The reading performance of students in the bottom international decile of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) scale is among the highest, compared to countries and economies participating in PISA. (432 PISA Score, rank 9/75 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The reading performance of students in the international median of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) scale is among the highest, compared to countries and economies participating in PISA. (502 PISA Score, rank 10/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The reading performance of students in the ninth international decile of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) scale is among the highest, compared to countries and economies participating in PISA. (559 PISA Score, rank 6/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The reading performance of students in the top international decile of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) scale is among the highest, compared to countries and economies participating in PISA. (573 PISA Score, rank 4/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Poland has one of the smallest percentage of low performers in reading among socio-economically disadvantaged students. (24 %, rank 68/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Poland has one of the smallest percentage of low performers in reading among socio-economically advantaged students. (6.1 %, rank 73/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Poland has one of the largest percentage of top performers in reading among socio-economically advantaged students. (24.5 %, rank 8/76 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    School principals report having one of the smallest shortage of education staff among countries and economies participating in PISA. (-1.01 PISA Index, rank 78/78 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' practices

    Students in Poland perceived their teachers as being less enthusiastic compared to other PISA-participating countries and economies. (-0.24 PISA Index, rank 72/75 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Students in Poland perceived their teachers as being less supportive compared to other PISA-participating countries and economies. (-0.26 PISA Index, rank 70/74 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' behaviour in Poland is perceived by 15-year-old students as hindering their learning to a lesser extent, compared to other PISA-participating countries and economies. (-0.37 PISA Index, rank 71/78 , 2018) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
      Reading literacy is defined as students' capacity to understand, use, evaluate, reflect on and engage with texts in order to achieve one's goals, develop one's knowledge and potential, and participate in society.

    • Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang (China) and Singapore scored significantly higher in reading than all other countries/economies that participated in PISA 2018. Estonia, Canada, Finland and Ireland were the highest-performing OECD countries in reading.
    • Some 77% of students, on average across OECD countries, attained at least Level 2 proficiency in reading. At a minimum, these students are able to identify the main idea in a text of moderate length, find information based on explicit, though sometimes complex, criteria, and reflect on the purpose and form of texts when explicitly directed to do so. Over 85% of students in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang (China), Canada, Estonia, Finland, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Macao (China), Poland and Singapore performed at this level or above.
    • Around 8.7% of students, on average across OECD countries, were top performers in reading, meaning that they attained Level 5 or 6 in the PISA reading test. At these levels, students are able to comprehend lengthy texts, deal with concepts that are abstract or counterintuitive, and establish distinctions between fact and opinion, based on implicit cues pertaining to the content or source of the information. In 20 education systems, including those of 15 OECD countries, over 10% of 15-year-old students were top performers.
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      Mathematics literacy is defined as students' capacity to formulate, employ and interpret mathematics in a variety of contexts. It includes reasoning mathematically and using mathematical concepts, procedures, facts and tools to describe, explain and predict phenomena.

    • On average across OECD countries, 76% of students attained Level 2 or higher in mathematics. At a minimum, these students can interpret and recognise, without direct instructions, how a (simple) situation can be represented mathematically (e.g. comparing the total distance across two alternative routes, or converting prices into a different currency). However, in 24 countries and economies, more than 50% of students scored below this level of proficiency.
    • Around one in six 15-year-old students in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang (China) (16.5%), and about one in seven students in Singapore (13.8%), scored at Level 6 in mathematics, the highest level of proficiency that PISA describes. These students are capable of advanced mathematical thinking and reasoning. On average across OECD countries, only 2.4% of students scored at this level.
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      Science literacy is defined as the ability to engage with science-related issues, and with the ideas of science, as a reflective citizen. A scientifically literate person is willing to engage in reasoned discourse about science and technology, which requires the competencies to explain phenomena scientifically, evaluate and design scientific enquiry, and interpret data and evidence scientifically.

    • On average across OECD countries, 78% of students attained Level 2 or higher in science. At a minimum, these students can recognise the correct explanation for familiar scientific phenomena and can use such knowledge to identify, in simple cases, whether a conclusion is valid based on the data provided. More than 90% of students in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang (China) (97.9%), Macao (China) (94.0%), Estonia (91.2%) and Singapore (91.0%) achieved this benchmark.
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    • In 11 countries and economies, including the OECD countries Australia, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Japan, Korea, Norway and the United Kingdom, average performance was higher than the OECD average while the relationship between socio-economic status and reading performance was weaker than the OECD average.
    • In spite of socio-economic disadvantage, some students attain high levels of academic proficiency. On average across OECD countries, one in ten disadvantaged students was able to score in the top quarter of reading performance in their countries (known as academic resilience), indicating that disadvantage is not destiny. In Australia, Canada, Estonia, Hong-Kong (China), Ireland, Macao (China) and the United Kingdom, all of which score above the OECD average, more than 13% of disadvantaged students were academically resilient.
    • In all countries and economies that participated in PISA 2018, girls significantly outperformed boys in reading - by 30 score points, on average across OECD countries. The narrowest gender gaps (less than 20 score points) were observed in Argentina, Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang (China), Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama and Peru; the widest (more than 50 score points) were observed in Finland, Jordan, the Republic of North Macedonia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
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    • Co-operation amongst students was more prevalent than competition, on average across OECD countries in 2018. Some 62% of students reported that students co-operate with each other while only 50% of students reported that their schoolmates compete with each other.
    • Some 23% of students reported being bullied at least a few times a month, on average across OECD countries.
    • Some 88% of students across OECD countries agreed that it is a good thing to help students who cannot defend themselves and it is wrong to join in bullying. Girls and students who were not frequently bullied were more likely to report stronger anti-bullying attitudes than boys and frequently bullied students.
    • On average across OECD countries, 21% of students had skipped a day of school and 48% of students had arrived late for school in the two weeks prior to the PISA test. In Georgia, Montenegro, Saudi Arabia and Turkey, at least one in five students had skipped school at least three times during that period.
    • On average across OECD countries, 67% of students reported being satisfied with their lives (students who reported between 7 and 10 on the 10-point life-satisfaction scale). Between 2015 and 2018, the share of satisfied students shrank by 5 percentage points.
    • In a majority of school systems, students who expressed a greater fear of failure scored higher in reading, but reported less satisfaction with life, than students expressing less concern about failing, after accounting for the socio-economic profile of students and schools.
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      Financial literacy is defined as the knowledge and understanding of financial concepts and risks, and the skills, motivation and confidence to apply such knowledge and understanding in order to make effective decisions across a range of financial contexts, to improve the financial well-being of individuals and society, and to enable participation in economic life.

    • The highest average financial literacy performance is found in Estonia, followed by the Canadian provinces and Finland.
    • Some 85% of students, on average across OECD countries/economies, attained at least Level 2 proficiency in financial literacy. These students can apply their knowledge of common financial products and financial terms and can recognise the value of a simple budget. However, in five partner countries, more than one in three students did not attain Level 2 proficiency.
    • Some 10% of students attained the highest level (Level 5) of proficiency in financial literacy, on average across OECD countries/economies. These students can analyse complex financial products and documents. Almost one in five students in Estonia and Finland displayed Level 5 proficiency.
    • Boys scored a small but significant 2 points higher than girls in the PISA 2018 financial literacy assessment, on average across OECD countries/economies. After accounting for performance in mathematics and reading, boys outperformed girls by 10 points.
    • Socio-economically advantaged students performed better in financial literacy than disadvantaged students - by roughly one proficiency level, on average across OECD countries/economies.
    • Immigrant students scored 30 points lower than non-immigrant students, on average across OECD countries/economies. However, after accounting for performance in reading and maths, immigrant students scored only five points below non-immigrant students.
    • Some 94% of students reported obtaining information about money matters from parents, guardians and other adult relations, on average across OECD countries/economies.
    • On average across OECD countries/economies, 54% of students held an account at a bank, building society, post office or credit union, and 45% of students held a payment card or a debit card. Students in Australia, the Canadian provinces, Estonia and Finland were particularly likely to hold such products, the oposite was found in Brazil, Peru and Serbia.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Poland

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.