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  • > Notes on the education system in Poland
    Education system in Poland

    Poland
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2020)
  • On average, 52% of all upper secondary students enrol in VET programmes in Poland, a higher proportion than the OECD average of 42%.
  • In 2019, 43% of 25-34 year-olds had a tertiary degree in Poland compared to 45% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Poland, in 2018, 25-64 year-olds with a tertiary degree with income from full-time, full-year employment earned 55% more than full-time, full-year workers with upper secondary education compared to 54% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2017, Poland invested a total of USD 8 144 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 11 231 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4.3% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2018, 85% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Poland, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (51.9 %, rank 3/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Poland has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.1 %, rank 39/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (7.1 %, rank 37/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 27/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36.9 %, rank 7/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.8 %, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.5 %, rank 30/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 37/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Poland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (20.4 Years, rank 3/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of first-time short-cycle tertiary graduates younger than 30 is relatively low. (20.4 %, rank 25/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Poland has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.2 %, rank 37/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (7.5 %, rank 37/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (6.7 %, rank 40/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Poland has one of the smallest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (36.9 %, rank 26/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (16.9 %, rank 5/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.5 %, rank 5/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (13.8 %, rank 23/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (7.7 %, rank 30/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Poland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (92.6 %, rank 6/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of female students enrolled in upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (38.4 %, rank 35/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of young people expected to enter in a short-cycle tertiary programme before the age of 25 is relatively low. (0 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of young people expected to enter into tertiary education before the age of 25 is relatively high. (70.4 %, rank 3/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of young people (excluding international students) expected to enter in short-cycle tertiary programme before the age of 25 is relatively low. (0 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56 %, rank 7/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 20-24-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.5 %, rank 33/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    Poland has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education programmes before the age of 30. (0 %, rank 25/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Poland has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education before the age of 30. (0 %, rank 22/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (38.4 %, rank 34/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (54.8 %, rank 7/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high. (51.6 %, rank 9/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (42.1 %, rank 7/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Poland is relatively high. (76.6 %, rank 1/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.9 %, rank 34/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Poland is relatively large. (18.6 %, rank 3/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.7 %, rank 27/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25 %, rank 7/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (0.4 %, rank 24/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Poland, the proportion of employed adults participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (30.8 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (20.1 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of over 249 persons and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (44.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (29 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (47.9 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of employed adults participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (25 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (12.1 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of over of 249 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (39.9 %, rank 33/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (23.3 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (41 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of employed adults participating in job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (3.4 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage adults employed in enterprises of over 249 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (2.1 %, rank 26/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (2.7 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 27/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (1.3 %, rank 19/22 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively high (145 %, rank 6/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively high (218 %, rank 2/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (51 %, rank 29/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The annual training costs per participant are one of the lowest across OECD countries and partner countries. (1006.7 %, rank 19/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Poland. (698.8 %, rank 23/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of over 249 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Poland. (1110.9 %, rank 20/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low compared to other OECD countries and partner countries. (1.2 %, rank 20/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low. (0.5 %, rank 25/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Poland, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (14.1 %, rank 30/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics ans statistics is relatively small. (44.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (62.3 %, rank 34/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (34.3 %, rank 25/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Poland, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.3 %, rank 37/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of education among all international or foreign tertiary students in Poland is relatively low. (1.6 %, rank 30/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Poland is relatively high. (17.9 %, rank 4/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Poland is relatively low. (2.3 %, rank 30/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all international or foreign tertiary students in Poland is relatively low. (8.4 %, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.6 %, rank 30/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.1 %, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (1.9 %, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    Compared to 2015, total governement expenditure is relatively high. (107 Index, rank 9/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of current expediture on post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (91.5 %, rank 13/17 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10044 USD Equivalent, rank 29/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8144 USD Equivalent, rank 27/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7164 USD Equivalent, rank 20/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3742 USD Equivalent, rank 16/19 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7843 USD Equivalent, rank 27/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on tertiary education in Poland is comparatively low. (7572 USD Equivalent, rank 21/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary educational services on primary to tertiary education in Poland is comparatively low. (258 USD Equivalent, rank 22/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, between 2012 and 2017, the average annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is one the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.6 %, rank 4/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent students from primary to tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1.3 %, rank 32/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the total annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3606 USD Equivalent, rank 16/19 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth rate of total expenditure per full-time equivalent student in tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.9 %, rank 5/31 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth of the number of full-time equivalent students in tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-2.7 %, rank 31/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Poland, total public expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (3.3 %, rank 39/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (176 Days, rank 25/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (6.1 %, rank 30/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21377 USD Equivalent, rank 23/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21377 USD Equivalent, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.63 Ratio, rank 16/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.76 Ratio, rank 19/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.75 Ratio, rank 22/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33211 USD Equivalent, rank 20/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27879 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27879 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27879 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary female teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year women workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.9 Ratio, rank 16/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary male teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year men workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.61 Ratio, rank 17/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.69 Ratio, rank 19/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 35-44 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.71 Ratio, rank 16/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 45-54 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.72 Ratio, rank 16/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.73 Ratio, rank 15/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Poland relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (24935 USD Equivalent, rank 20/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Poland. (35066 USD Equivalent, rank 19/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (14487 USD Equivalent, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (17611 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (22278 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (16531 USD Equivalent, rank 32/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (22823 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (29063 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (14487 USD Equivalent, rank 27/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (17611 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (22278 USD Equivalent, rank 25/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers less time to progress through the salary scale in Poland compared to other OECD and partner countries. (20 Years, rank 19/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Pre-primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.95 Ratio, rank 11/16 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (1 Ratio, rank 20/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (1.03 Ratio, rank 19/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Upper-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (1.02 Ratio, rank 21/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average pre-primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (41271 USD Equivalent, rank 14/18 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest in Poland relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (43732 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (45041 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44622 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary school heads is relatively low compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (36956 USD Equivalent, rank 14/16 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Poland. (42852 USD Equivalent, rank 16/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Poland. (44973 USD Equivalent, rank 18/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Poland. (46211 USD Equivalent, rank 18/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary men school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Poland. (46102 USD Equivalent, rank 17/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary women school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Poland. (44594 USD Equivalent, rank 17/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (9.6 Ratio, rank 41/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the upper secondary level is especially low. (9.6 Ratio, rank 37/42 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.3 Ratio, rank 33/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Poland. (9.8 Ratio, rank 15/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Poland, compulsory instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (603 Hours, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the intended instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (661 Hours, rank 26/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (829 Hours, rank 26/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Poland. (12 Students, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Poland. (16 Students, rank 28/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (73.1 %, rank 35/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (97.6 %, rank 4/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (70.8 %, rank 31/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (80 %, rank 25/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (70.7 %, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (55.9 %, rank 38/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (58.2 %, rank 37/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education is comparatively . (80 %, rank 32/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (1.7 %, rank 34/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is high in Poland. (46.3 %, rank 2/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (4.3 %, rank 31/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively Poland. (16.8 %, rank 5/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (2.7 %, rank 25/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (70.5 %, rank 30/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Master's, doctoral or equivalent education degree are comparatively low. (157 Index, rank 27/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    (3.1 %, rank 35/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (3.2 %, rank 35/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (3 %, rank 30/37 , 2018) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • While 37% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are in vocational programmes, the share increases to 61% among students over 25.
    • The most popular fields of study among vocational graduates vary at different levels of education. While engineering, manufacturing and construction is the most common broad field at upper secondary level, at short-cycle tertiary level, most students graduate from business, administration and law, or health and welfare.
    • Combined school and work-based learning can help students transition smootly into the labor market. However, only one -third of all upper secondary vocational students are enrolled in school and work-based programmes on average across OECD countries.
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    • Between the age of 3 to 5, 88% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • The estimated expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in ECEC and primary education amounts to an average of 0.6% of GDP. Only in Iceland and Norway does it equal or exceed 1.0%.
    • The ECEC workforce is at the heart of high-quality education. On average across OECD countries, there are 14 children for every teacher working in pre-primary education (ISCED 02).
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    • In 2019, 45% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 28% among 55-64 year-olds, on average across OECD countries.
    • On average across OECD countries, 17% of first-time tertiary entrants enter short-cycle tertiary programmes. The employment rate of adults with a short-cycle tertiary degree is 4 percentage points higher than those with an upper secondary vocational attainment and they earn 16% more, on average across OECD countries.
    • Based on current patterns, it is estimated that 38% of young adults across OECD countries will graduate from tertiary education for the first time before the age of 30 (excluding international students).
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    • In 2017, total expenditure amounted to approximately USD 9 100 per student in primary institutions and USD 10 500 in secondary institutions on average across OECD countries.
    • After increasing between 2005 and 2012, total expenditure on primary to tertiary institutions as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) has fallen to 4.9% in 2017 on average, below its 2005 value of 5.1%. This is due to educational expenditure rising more slowly than GDP over this period, growing by 17% while GDP grew by 27%.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
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    • There are relatively few young teachers (under the age of 30), and the proportion decreases with the level of education. Young teachers make up 12% of the teaching population in primary education, 10% in lower secondary education and 8% in upper secondary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • While instruction time for students increases at higher educational levels, statutory teaching time in public institutions decreases: teachers in OECD countries and economies are required to teach on average 778 hours per year at primary level compared to 680 hours at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • Between 2005 and 2019, the statutory salaries of primary and secondary general teachers - with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications - increased by 2-3%, despite salaries falling after the 2008 economic crisis, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Poland

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Some countries may have provided data refering to another year, to know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.