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Norway
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In Norway, men are more likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 60% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Norway, 60% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 42% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, Norway invested a total of USD 15 972 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 6.6% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 97% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Norway, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 23% to 45% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in Norway compared to 86% - 91% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (1.5 %, rank 9/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.8 %, rank 9/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old women who have attained tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (60.4 %, rank 9/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Norway has one of the smallest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (32.7 %, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Norway has one of the smallest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (43.2 %, rank 26/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The percentage of three-year-olds in early childhood education in Norway is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (96.4 %, rank 7/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of four-year-olds in early childhood and primary education in Norway is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (97.2 %, rank 10/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 3-5 year-old children in early childhood and primary education in Norway is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (97.1 %, rank 8/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the enrolment rate of children under 3 is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (58 %, rank 2/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in school- and work-based programmes among all upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (71.7 %, rank 7/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    The proportion of young people expected to be first-time graduates from post-secondary non-tertiary education before turning 30 is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.1 %, rank 17/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    In Norway, the percentage of master's or equivalent graduates in public institutions is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (91.7 %, rank 10/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of first-time short-cycle graduates is relatively low in Norway. (7.2 %, rank 18/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at post-secondary non-tertiary level is comparatively important . (100 %, rank 1/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (39.7 %, rank 31/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (40.2 %, rank 35/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high. (52 %, rank 7/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Norway is relatively high. (70.7 %, rank 3/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of female tertiary graduates in the field of sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.3 %, rank 30/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of education is relatively high in Norway. (11.6 %, rank 5/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of male tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.4 %, rank 40/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of female post-secondary non-tertiary graduates in the field of services is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (38.6 %, rank 23/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by age

    In Norway, the average age of post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (34.3 Years, rank 6/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from vocational programmes in Norway is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (27.5 Years, rank 8/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the percentage of first-time doctorate graduates younger than 35 is relatively low. (48.8 %, rank 23/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The proportion of female tertiary graduates in social sciences, business and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (15.3 %, rank 42/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16.2 %, rank 42/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20 %, rank 6/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Norway is relatively small. (3.1 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Norway is relatively large. (28.2 %, rank 9/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of information and communication technologies in Norway is relatively small. (0.8 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Norway is relatively small. (11.8 %, rank 36/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.9 %, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (41.1 %, rank 9/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.3 %, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (4.3 %, rank 21/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of agriculture, forestry, fisheries and veterinary is relatively low. (0.8 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Norway, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (16.6 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (71.2 %, rank 33/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (62.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all national tertiary students in Norway is relatively low. (10 %, rank 30/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively small. (39.6 %, rank 29/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of education is relatively small. (23.4 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of business, administration and law is relatively small. (0.6 %, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in field of health and welfare is relatively small. (0.3 %, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of agriculture, forestry, fisheries and veterinary is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 %, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Norway has a small share of international students graduate from tertiary programmes compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (2.3 %, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international students entering tertiary education in Norway is relatively low. (2 %, rank 28/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively low. (1.5 %, rank 19/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Norway is relatively high. (19.4 %, rank 5/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Norway is relatively low. (15.6 %, rank 27/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Norway is relatively high. (15.4 %, rank 3/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.5 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (82 %, rank 23/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal education and training is comparatively low (224 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (65 %, rank 22/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in formal education and training is comparatively low (241 %, rank 23/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (88 %, rank 23/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in formal education and training is comparatively low (208 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively high compared to other OECD countries and partner countries. (1.8 %, rank 8/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively high. (1.9 %, rank 3/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Norway, the proportion of employed adults participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (64.5 %, rank 7/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (54.1 %, rank 5/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (61.4 %, rank 6/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of employed adults participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively high. (57.6 %, rank 4/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (44 %, rank 4/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (3.6 %, rank 34/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Norway had one of the smallest share of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer. (4.1 %, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (50 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (41 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (52 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25428 USD Equivalent, rank 5/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17949 USD Equivalent, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15410 USD Equivalent, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16441 USD Equivalent, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16050 USD Equivalent, rank 4/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on tertiary education in Norway is comparatively low. (82 USD Equivalent, rank 21/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively high. (15972 USD Equivalent, rank 2/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    At primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level, the public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student is comparatively high in Norway. (15532 USD Equivalent, rank 3/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14458 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 2/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is relatively high in Norway. (17651 USD Equivalent, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16248 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student at tertiary level is comparatively high in Norway. (26685 USD Equivalent, rank 3/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23018 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 5/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Norway, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies. (6.6 %, rank 1/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively high. (2 %, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, public and private expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively high. (4.7 %, rank 2/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (0 %, rank 35/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (0.1 %, rank 32/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (6.4 %, rank 1/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (0.1 %, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary level is high. (4.8 %, rank 1/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary level is low. (-0.1 %, rank 25/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to tertiary education is high. (0 USD Equivalent, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively high in Norway. (6.6 %, rank 1/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small in Norway. (0 %, rank 25/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    At tertiary level, the public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds is comparatively high in Norway. (1.9 %, rank 1/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on tertiary education is relatively low in Norway. (0.1 %, rank 19/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 36/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.2 %, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Norway has one of the smallest shares of private expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.2 %, rank 36/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education is comparatively large. (92.3 %, rank 1/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively large. (97.4 %, rank 1/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the relative share of public expenditure from initial sources of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (102 %, rank 1/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the relative share of private expenditure from initial sources of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-2 %, rank 26/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on primary to tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively small in Norway. (0.4 %, rank 24/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively high . (99.9 %, rank 1/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the relative share of private expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is relatively small. (-0.3 %, rank 25/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on tertiary education from initial source of funds in Norway is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.5 %, rank 22/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds on tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.8 %, rank 1/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the relative share of private expenditure from initial source of funds on tertiary education is comparatively small. (3.8 %, rank 25/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Nature of expenditure

    In Norway, the share of capital expenditure on primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.1 %, rank 3/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of current expenditure on primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (84.9 %, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively in Norway. (14 %, rank 3/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of current expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (86 %, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of capital expenditure for primary to tertiary education in Norway is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.1 %, rank 4/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of current expenditure for primary to tertiary education in Norway is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (86.9 %, rank 27/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Norway. (12.9 %, rank 3/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Norway. (87.1 %, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of capital expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high . (11.3 %, rank 3/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of current expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (88.7 %, rank 15/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on tertiary education is relatively in Norway. (11.1 %, rank 9/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on tertiary education is relatively in Norway. (88.9 %, rank 23/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of hours per year upper secondary teachers spend teaching general programmes in public institutions is comparatively low in Norway. (523 Hours, rank 27/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (190 Days, rank 10/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (91.1 %, rank 36/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (74.8 %, rank 35/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36.4 %, rank 19/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36.4 %, rank 23/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education (bachelor's, master's, doctorate or equivalent education) is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (47.2 %, rank 8/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially high. (15.9 %, rank 6/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in general upper secondary education in Norway is relatively small. (55.4 %, rank 26/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers younger than 30 in primary education is especially low in Norway. (69 %, rank 35/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of female teachers younger than 30 in tertiary education is relatively small . (44.2 %, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in lower secondary education is especially high in Norway. (78.5 %, rank 6/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in upper secondary education is especially low in Norway. (50.5 %, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in tertiary education is especially high in Norway. (44.2 %, rank 10/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.76 Ratio, rank 20/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the highest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (54796 USD Equivalent, rank 8/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary female teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year women workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.88 Ratio, rank 18/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary male teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year men workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.67 Ratio, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 45-54 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Norway. (0.7 Ratio, rank 18/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Norway. (0.67 Ratio, rank 19/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the highest in Norway relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (50607 USD Equivalent, rank 5/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the least rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.18 Ratio, rank 32/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially high. (43048 USD Equivalent, rank 9/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially high. (43048 USD Equivalent, rank 9/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of primary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.18 Ratio, rank 32/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.22 Ratio, rank 32/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers less time to progress through the salary scale in Norway compared to other OECD and partner countries. (16 Years, rank 20/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively low. (1.45 Ratio, rank 26/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Pre-primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Norway. (0.87 Ratio, rank 14/17 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Norway. (1.02 Ratio, rank 20/22 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Norway. (1.02 Ratio, rank 21/22 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.1 Ratio, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (10.4 Ratio, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.3 Ratio, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Norway. (8.3 Ratio, rank 18/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low in Norway. (7.9 Ratio, rank 17/19 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the ratio of students to teaching staff in bachelor's and tertiary advanced research programmes is one of the lowest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.1 Ratio, rank 27/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.1 Ratio, rank 24/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the number of students per teacher in public lower secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.7 Ratio, rank 31/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level in independent private institutions is especially low in Norway. (6.1 Ratio, rank 19/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the secondary level in independent private institutions is especially low in Norway. (6.1 Ratio, rank 22/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Norway, total intended instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively short. (2622 Hours, rank 23/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average hours per year dedicated to intended instruction time for lower secondary students in Norway is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (874 Hours, rank 20/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively high. (89.2 %, rank 5/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (90.5 %, rank 1/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (92 %, rank 5/41 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.7 %, rank 29/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education is compartively high in Norway. (88.6 %, rank 7/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.9 %, rank 2/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (82.9 %, rank 8/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with below upper secondary education is compartively high in Norway. (50.6 %, rank 8/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with tertiary education is compartively high in Norway. (88.9 %, rank 4/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is low in Norway. (7.7 %, rank 39/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (3.5 %, rank 30/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low. (6.9 %, rank 33/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (27.3 %, rank 9/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (3.3 %, rank 29/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (3.8 %, rank 30/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite low. (119 Index, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (107 Index, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a master's, doctoral or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (134 Index, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (113 Index, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a master's, doctoral or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (139 Index, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (117 Index, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a master's, doctoral or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (141 Index, rank 31/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full and part-time workers with tertiary education are comparatively low. (126 Index, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Bachelor's or equivalent education are comparatively low. (112 Index, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Master's, doctoral or equivalent education degree are comparatively low. (152 Index, rank 28/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (48.6 %, rank 22/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (25.2 %, rank 20/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively high compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (87 Index, rank 9/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with tertiary education and those with upper secondary education is quite low. (127 Index, rank 36/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old women with tertiary education and those with upper secondary education is quite low. (122 Index, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training (15-19 year-olds) in Norway is relatively low. (3 %, rank 33/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 20-24 year-olds in Norway is relatively small. (10 %, rank 35/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 25-29 year-olds in Norway is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.2 %, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 15-29 year-olds in Norway is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.9 %, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the share of women neither employed nor in education among 15-29 year-olds is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 36/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 15-29 year-olds, the share of youth without an upper secondary or post-secondary non tertiary degree who are neither employed nor in education or training in Norway is relatively low. (6.9 %, rank 38/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of youth with a tertiary degree who are neither employed nor in education or training among 15-29 year-olds is comparatively small. (3.9 %, rank 39/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of young men who are neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is comparatively small. (3.3 %, rank 32/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the percentage of women neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is relatively low. (2.8 %, rank 33/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the percentage of women neither employed nor in education or training among 20-24 year-olds is relatively low. (8.7 %, rank 37/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of young women neither employed nor in education or training (25-29 year-olds) in Norway is comparatively low . (11.2 %, rank 36/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 18-24 year-olds who are neither employed nor in education or training is comparatively small in Norway. (8.8 %, rank 36/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 18-24 year-old men neither employed nor in education or training is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (9.8 %, rank 34/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 18-24 year-old women neither employed nor in education or training is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (7.7 %, rank 36/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    In Norway, the proportion of adults who reported being interested in politics is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (87.1 %, rank 1/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of adults without an upper secondary education who reported being interested in politics is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (82.6 %, rank 1/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Norway, the proportion of adults with an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who reported being interested in politics is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (84.8 %, rank 1/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    The share of female students entering bachelor's programmes in Norway is relatively large. (57.6 %, rank 7/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes in Norway is comparatively small. (20.3 %, rank 39/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Norway is one of the largest compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (52 %, rank 8/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    In Norway, the proportion of first-time entrants into doctorate's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.8 %, rank 27/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of young people expected to enter master's programmes before the age of 30 is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (30.2 %, rank 6/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Norway has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 30. (27.6 %, rank 1/33 , 2019) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
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    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
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    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
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    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
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    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
    Visualisations
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Norway

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Norway

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.