Explore the OECD's reports or draw from a wide variety of education indicators and data to construct your own, customised country reports, highlighting the facts, developments and outcomes of your choice.

Country

Data profiles:



Mexico
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In Mexico, men are as likely as women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 50% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Mexico, 26% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 25% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, Mexico invested a total of USD 2 918 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4.6% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 81% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Mexico, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 42% to 196% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in Mexico compared to 86% - 91% on average.
  • Profile View

    Select first some countries to compare, choose the charts you wish to display and customise them.

    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Attainment

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.1 %, rank 3/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (58.4 %, rank 4/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22.2 %, rank 41/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.4 %, rank 42/46 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25.3 %, rank 40/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.1 %, rank 38/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.5 %, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.5 %, rank 35/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 35/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69 %, rank 5/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.9 %, rank 39/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.5 %, rank 34/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.8 %, rank 31/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.1 %, rank 9/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.7 %, rank 31/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 34/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.8 %, rank 39/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old women who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25.7 %, rank 41/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained below upper secondary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.6 %, rank 5/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old women who attained below upper secondary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (45.6 %, rank 3/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.6 %, rank 39/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the largest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (57.2 %, rank 1/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the largest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (76.1 %, rank 1/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Education expectancy

    In Mexico, the expected years in education between ages 15 and 29 are comparatively short . (5.7 Years, rank 37/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the expected years in education between ages 15 and 29 are comparatively short for men. (5.7 Years, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    For women, the expected years in education between ages 15 and 29 are relatively short in Mexico. (5.6 Years, rank 39/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (62.7 %, rank 42/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of three-year-olds in early childhood education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.3 %, rank 34/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students in independent private tertiary educational institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (35.4 %, rank 6/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 20-24 year-olds in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.2 %, rank 37/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 3-5 year-old children in early childhood and primary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (80.5 %, rank 32/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the enrolment rate of children under 3 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 30/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 20-24-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.9 %, rank 34/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Mexico, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from upper secondary education before turning 25 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.3 %, rank 32/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (26.9 %, rank 25/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Among OECD countries and partner economies with available data, Mexico has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (29.2 %, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    In Mexico, the percentage of master's or equivalent graduates in public institutions is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.6 %, rank 31/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctorate graduates in public institutions is relatively low in Mexico. (34.6 %, rank 35/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time bachelor's graduates is relatively high in Mexico. (92.4 %, rank 7/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary general programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (52.7 %, rank 10/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (50.5 %, rank 8/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Mexico has one of the smallest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (53.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (35.3 %, rank 9/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.9 %, rank 2/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of male tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is relatively small. (3 %, rank 43/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of male tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is relatively large. (16.5 %, rank 2/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by age

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from vocational programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (18.4 Years, rank 31/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the average age of first-time tertiary graduates is relatively low. (24.5 Years, rank 19/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The proportion of female tertiary graduates in the humanities and arts is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (3.5 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.3 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.5 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.5 %, rank 9/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.3 %, rank 35/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Mexico is relatively small. (2.8 %, rank 44/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Mexico is relatively large. (16.4 %, rank 4/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Mexico is relatively small. (10.6 %, rank 43/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of information and communication technologies in Mexico is relatively small. (0.9 %, rank 38/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Mexico is relatively small. (6.2 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of health and welfare in Mexico is relatively small. (2.9 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (3.8 %, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (2.8 %, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (55.3 %, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.6 %, rank 33/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (55.6 %, rank 28/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Mexico has one of the smallest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.7 %, rank 39/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international students entering tertiary education in Mexico is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 30/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international students entering bachelor's programmes is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of international students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2 %, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of international students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Mexico is relatively small. (9.8 %, rank 30/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (7.8 %, rank 33/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from North America are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (48 %, rank 1/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from Latin America and the Caribbean are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (45.1 %, rank 9/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from Asia are least represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.5 %, rank 72/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Mexico, the proportion of employed adults participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (41.6 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (24.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (30.6 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (56.8 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of employed adults participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (32.9 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (15.7 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (22.2 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (44.3 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (3.5 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is is relatively low in Mexico. (0.5 %, rank 19/19 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Mexico had one of the smallest share of adults employed in enterprises of over 249 persons and participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer. (1.9 %, rank 30/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively high (235.9 %, rank 1/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7907 USD Equivalent, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3619 USD Equivalent, rank 36/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2958 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2878 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7010 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student on research and development in tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (897 USD Equivalent, rank 34/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student on research and development for primary to tertiary education in Mexico is comparatively low. (126 USD Equivalent, rank 34/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively low. (2918 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    At primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level, the public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student is comparatively low in Mexico. (2682 USD Equivalent, rank 37/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2726 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 37/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Mexico. (3146 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3381 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 36/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student at tertiary level is comparatively low in Mexico. (7035 USD Equivalent, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7388 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Mexico, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (1.2 %, rank 9/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary level is high . (0.6 %, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is one of the largest in Mexico among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.3 %, rank 7/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Mexico. (3.5 %, rank 19/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively large in Mexico. (1.2 %, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent student in tertiary education is one of the largest in Mexico. (6.2 %, rank 2/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on tertiary education is relatively high in Mexico. (0.6 %, rank 5/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.5 %, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (42.4 %, rank 10/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the largest shares of private expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (25.8 %, rank 8/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (13.4 %, rank 6/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total expenditure on tertiary education is relatively low. (0 %, rank 27/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total expenditure on primary to tertiary education is relatively low. (0 %, rank 27/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively small. (81.5 %, rank 34/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small. (74.2 %, rank 30/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small. (84 Index, rank 34/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Mexico compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.1 %, rank 7/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of public expenditure from initial sources of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (82.5 %, rank 24/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of private expenditure from initial sources of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.4 %, rank 3/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively low. (75.1 %, rank 20/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total public expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small in Mexico. (88 Index, rank 35/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of private expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is relatively large. (24.9 %, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds on tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (58.2 %, rank 19/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of private expenditure from initial source of funds on tertiary education is comparatively large. (41.8 %, rank 5/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of hours per year lower secondary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively high in Mexico. (1040 Hours, rank 2/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (200 Days, rank 3/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in upper secondary school is especially low. (172 Days, rank 27/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of hours per year pre-primary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively low in Mexico. (532 Hours, rank 25/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.2 %, rank 31/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.9 %, rank 39/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (53.7 %, rank 36/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in upper secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (48.6 %, rank 39/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in general upper secondary education in Mexico is relatively small. (50.1 %, rank 31/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of women among teaching staff in vocational upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.9 %, rank 28/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (42 USD Equivalent, rank 23/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the most rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.99 Ratio, rank 6/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (21444 USD Equivalent, rank 29/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (21521 USD Equivalent, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (33906 USD Equivalent, rank 27/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (26403 USD Equivalent, rank 29/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (21521 USD Equivalent, rank 23/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.23 Ratio, rank 31/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers less time to progress through the salary scale in Mexico compared to other OECD and partner countries. (14 Years, rank 22/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively high. (2.93 Ratio, rank 2/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18 Ratio, rank 9/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.2 Ratio, rank 8/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (24.4 Ratio, rank 2/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.2 Ratio, rank 1/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.6 Ratio, rank 1/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the vocational upper secondary level is especially high in Mexico. (16.7 Ratio, rank 8/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in public lower secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (35.8 Ratio, rank 1/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level in private institutions is especially high in Mexico. (15.5 Ratio, rank 10/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in public upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25.3 Ratio, rank 1/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in all public secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (30.9 Ratio, rank 1/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in all private secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15 Ratio, rank 9/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Mexico, total compulsory instruction time for primary and lower secondary students is one of the longest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8300 Hours, rank 8/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the average compulsory instruction time, in hours per year, for lower secondary students is one of the longest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1167 Hours, rank 3/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, total intended instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively long. (3500 Hours, rank 8/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average hours per year dedicated to intended instruction time for lower secondary students in Mexico is one of the longest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1167 Hours, rank 4/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Class size

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively large in Mexico. (27 Students, rank 6/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively large in Mexico. (23 Students, rank 9/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In independent private institutions at primary education level, classes are one of the largest in Mexico among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20 Students, rank 5/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In independent private institutions at lower secondary level, classes are one of the largest in Mexico among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23 Students, rank 4/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively low. (76.3 %, rank 39/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (71.2 %, rank 34/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (75.8 %, rank 38/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (82.5 %, rank 38/41 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary education is compartively high in Mexico. (64.7 %, rank 10/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (76.6 %, rank 26/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education is comparatively low. (71.8 %, rank 30/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (60.2 %, rank 34/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (71.7 %, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (64.2 %, rank 32/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively low. (82.5 %, rank 39/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively low. (79.1 %, rank 41/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (70.5 %, rank 38/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education is comparatively low. (69 %, rank 36/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with below upper secondary education is compartively high in Mexico. (88.4 %, rank 3/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary education is comparatively low. (4.2 %, rank 40/42 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is high in Mexico. (16.5 %, rank 8/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (2.8 %, rank 33/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (5.5 %, rank 33/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (21.3 %, rank 5/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (28.2 %, rank 8/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (2.3 %, rank 33/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (3.2 %, rank 32/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is high. (153 Index, rank 10/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (163 Index, rank 6/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is high. (153 Index, rank 10/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (89.2 %, rank 2/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (56.7 %, rank 3/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (73 Index, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (66.1 %, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (72.3 %, rank 30/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (75 %, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training (15-19 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high. (14.7 %, rank 4/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 15-29 year-olds in Mexico is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22.1 %, rank 6/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 15-29 year-olds, the share of youth without an upper secondary degree who are neither employed nor in education or training in Mexico is relatively high. (24.6 %, rank 7/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of women neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is relatively high . (20.5 %, rank 4/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    The share of women among tertiary education new entrants is one of the smallest compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (51.6 %, rank 31/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering bachelor's programmes in Mexico is relatively small. (52.5 %, rank 35/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes in Mexico is comparatively small. (40.4 %, rank 34/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    In Mexico, the average age of new entrants in short-cycle programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.7 Years, rank 31/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of young people expected to enter into tertiary education before the age of 25 is relatively low. (48.6 %, rank 23/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes younger than 25 is relatively high. (92.8 %, rank 3/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average age of new entrants in tertiary education in Mexico is comparatively young. (20.8 Years, rank 24/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of first-time entrants into master's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is relatively low. (57.6 %, rank 31/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of first-time entrants into doctorate's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.6 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of young people expected to enter master's programmes before the age of 30 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.5 %, rank 37/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Mexico has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 25. (0.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Mexico

    Click on the coverpage to see the full OECD iLibrary version
    Key
    Country Reviews for Mexico

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.