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Mexico
Overview of the education system (EAG 2023)
  • In Mexico, 26% of 15-19 year-olds are enrolled in general upper secondary education and 16% in vocational upper secondary education. A further 5% are enrolled in lower secondary programmes and 12% in tertiary programmes. This compares to an OECD average of 37% enrolled in general upper secondary programmes, 23% in vocational upper secondary programmes, 12% in lower secondary programmes and 12% in tertiary programmes.
  • In Mexico,2% of 25-34 year-olds have a vocational education and training (VET) qualification as their highest level of attainment: 1% at upper secondary level and 1% at short-cycle tertiary level.
  • Although an upper secondary qualification is often the minimum attainment needed for successful labour-market participation,43% of 25-34 year-olds in Mexico have not attained an upper secondary qualification, higher than the OECD average (14%).
  • Workers in Mexico aged 25-34 with vocational upper secondary attainment earn 17% more than those without upper secondary attainment, whereas the earning advantage for workers with general upper secondary attainment is 16%.
  • In Mexico,25-34 year-old workers with bachelor's attainment earn 61% more than their peers without upper secondary attainment, while those with master's or doctoral attainment earn 143% more.
  • Across all levels from primary to tertiary education, Mexico spends USD 3 239 annually per full-time equivalent student (adjusted for purchasing power and including expenditure on research and development), compared to the OECD average of USD 12 647.
  • In Mexico, in full-time equivalent terms, there are 27 students per staff member in general upper secondary programmes (OECD average: 14 students per staff member) and 16 students for every teaching staff member in vocational upper secondary programmes (OECD average: 15 students per staff member).
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The level of upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.8 %, rank 42/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (57 %, rank 42/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32.9 %, rank 40/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43 %, rank 3/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29.7 %, rank 35/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.2 %, rank 4/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.1 %, rank 40/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.6 %, rank 40/46 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.3 %, rank 39/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.7 %, rank 38/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.2 %, rank 35/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.9 %, rank 36/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old women who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.4 %, rank 35/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a general upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.9 %, rank 10/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the highest percentages of 25-64 year-old adults with less than primary education. (9.4 %, rank 5/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (1.8 %, rank 37/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 36/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.3 %, rank 36/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.4 %, rank 6/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 29/33 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 31/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of 25-34 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0 %, rank 34/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of 25-34 year-olds who attained a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (1.4 %, rank 36/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained a general degree at the tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.2 %, rank 38/46 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old women who have attained a general degree at the tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.1 %, rank 42/46 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44.4 %, rank 42/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.8 %, rank 41/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 35-44 year-old men who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44.2 %, rank 43/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 45-54 year-old men who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36.9 %, rank 42/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old women who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.3 %, rank 42/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old women who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (57.1 %, rank 41/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 35-44 year-old women who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.9 %, rank 42/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 45-54 year-old women who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36.8 %, rank 40/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-old women who have attained at least upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (31.1 %, rank 40/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.8 %, rank 36/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 35-44 year-old men who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.3 %, rank 40/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old women who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.7 %, rank 40/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 35-44 year-old women who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.3 %, rank 42/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 45-54 year-old women who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.7 %, rank 41/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old men whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.5 %, rank 32/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old men whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (1.8 %, rank 37/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (1.8 %, rank 37/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 36/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 36/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained below upper secondary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.2 %, rank 4/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old women who attained below upper secondary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (42.9 %, rank 4/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old men who attained below upper secondary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (55.6 %, rank 4/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained below upper secondary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.7 %, rank 4/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (30 %, rank 40/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.2 %, rank 42/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.1 %, rank 40/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 55-64 year-old men who attained upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16.8 %, rank 42/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 55-64 year-old women who attained upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.6 %, rank 39/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the largest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (57.3 %, rank 1/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the largest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (77.1 %, rank 1/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of 25-34 year-old women who have attained a short cycle tertiary degree is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (0.5 %, rank 27/31 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained a short cycle tertiary degree is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (0.5 %, rank 28/31 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the highest among countries with available data. (27.9 %, rank 6/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the highest among countries with available data. (28.8 %, rank 6/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (1.5 %, rank 36/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (1.2 %, rank 36/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Education expectancy

    In Mexico, the expected years in education between ages 15 and 29 are comparatively short . (5.7 Years, rank 39/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the expected years in education between ages 15 and 29 are comparatively short for men. (5.5 Years, rank 38/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    For women, the expected years in education between ages 15 and 29 are relatively short in Mexico. (5.9 Years, rank 38/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    The share of women among tertiary education new entrants is one of the smallest compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (52.7 %, rank 30/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering bachelor's programmes in Mexico is relatively small. (53.5 %, rank 30/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female new entrants integrating short-cycle tertiary programmes in Mexico is comparatively small. (41.6 %, rank 29/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the average age of new entrants in short-cycle programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.6 Years, rank 32/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of new entrants in tertiary education in Mexico is comparatively young. (20.6 Years, rank 25/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of first-time entrants into master's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is relatively low. (47 %, rank 36/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of first-time entrants into doctorate's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22.5 %, rank 37/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the average age of new entrants in master's programmes is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (31.1 Years, rank 10/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Entrance by field of education and gender

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.8 %, rank 35/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69.2 %, rank 34/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of education is relatively small. (61.2 %, rank 33/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of women among new entrants in bachelor's programmes in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (70.8 %, rank 36/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering master's or equivalent programmes in health and welfare in Mexico is one of the smallest compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (59.8 %, rank 36/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering short cycle tertiary programmes in health and welfare in Mexico is one of the smallest compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (63.1 %, rank 27/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (58.5 %, rank 41/42 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students in independent private tertiary educational institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (35.2 %, rank 6/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 20-24 year-olds in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.2 %, rank 38/42 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 3-5 year-old children in early childhood and primary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (73.7 %, rank 34/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 17 in general upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33.8 %, rank 35/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 17 in tertiary programmes in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 9/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 18 in general upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10 %, rank 38/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 18 in vocational upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.8 %, rank 34/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 19 in vocational upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.9 %, rank 34/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 20 in vocational upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 %, rank 33/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of lower secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes in Mexico is one of the highest compared to other countries with available data. (31.7 %, rank 6/22 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Mexico has one of the largest shares of lower secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes. (17.5 %, rank 2/23 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of lower secondary vocational students among vocational students is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (39.7 %, rank 1/18 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes in Mexico is relatively low compared to the other countries. (16.3 %, rank 37/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary students enrolled in programmes giving full level completion without access to tertiary education in Mexico is relatively low compared to the other countries. (2.8 %, rank 22/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, upper secondary vocational students among all vocational students are relatively less numerous than in other OECD or partner countries. (55.4 %, rank 29/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of vocational students as a share of short-cycle tertiary students is among the largest in all OECD and partner countries. (100 %, rank 1/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of short-cycle tertiary students enrolled in vocational programmes is comparativele low. (20.6 %, rank 34/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Mexico has a share of short-cycle tertiary students enrolled in programmes giving full level completion with access to tertiary education that is higher than other OECD and partner countries; (100 %, rank 1/32 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 15-19 in upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (42.2 %, rank 39/45 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 15-19 in upper secondary general programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.3 %, rank 39/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 20-24 in upper secondary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.4 %, rank 37/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 20-24 in upper secondary vocational programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 32/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 20-24 in short-cycle tertiary programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 25/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 20-24 in master's programmes in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 38/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of four-year-olds in primary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 6/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of five-year-olds in primary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25.5 %, rank 6/45 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of six-year-olds in primary education in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (97.7 %, rank 10/45 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students enrolled in lower secondary vocational programmes is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (64.2 %, rank 1/22 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students enrolled in short-cycle tertiary programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (42.4 %, rank 27/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The average age of graduates from vocational programmes at the upper secondary level in Mexico is comparatively low. (18.3 Years, rank 34/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of master's or equivalent graduates in public institutions is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29.1 %, rank 32/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctorate graduates in public institutions is relatively low in Mexico. (35.5 %, rank 36/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of short-cycle tertiary graduates in Mexico is among the youngest. (21.8 Years, rank 25/26 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary general programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (54 %, rank 3/42 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (51.9 %, rank 9/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Mexico has one of the smallest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (55.3 %, rank 29/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female first-time graduates in short-cycle tertiary programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (45.4 %, rank 22/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female first-time bachelor's graduates is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (56 %, rank 27/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.5 %, rank 40/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.5 %, rank 39/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Mexico is relatively small. (3.8 %, rank 44/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Mexico is relatively large. (11.6 %, rank 10/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Mexico is relatively small. (10.6 %, rank 42/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of information and communication technologies in Mexico is relatively small. (0.8 %, rank 39/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Mexico is relatively small. (5.6 %, rank 42/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of health and welfare in Mexico is relatively small. (5.4 %, rank 40/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of short-cycle tertiary vocational graduates in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low compared to other OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.3 %, rank 30/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of short-cycle tertiary vocational graduates in the field of STEM is relatively high compared to other OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (49.9 %, rank 4/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of bachelor's, master's and doctoral or equivalent graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.6 %, rank 42/45 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education and gender

    The proportion of female tertiary graduates in the humanities and arts is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (3.7 %, rank 40/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.8 %, rank 2/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of education is relatively high in Mexico. (7 %, rank 8/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of male tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is relatively small. (3.2 %, rank 41/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of male tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is relatively large. (16.2 %, rank 2/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female graduates in tertiary education in the fields of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (59 %, rank 37/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female graduates in tertiary education in the fields of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (61.7 %, rank 38/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of female graduates in tertiary education in the fields of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (68.4 %, rank 40/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (4.1 %, rank 37/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (3 %, rank 35/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low, compared to other countries with available data. (4.9 %, rank 33/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high, compared to other countries with available data. (19.9 %, rank 2/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low, compared to other countries with available data. (5.9 %, rank 37/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of health and welfare is relatively low, compared to other countries with available data. (7.2 %, rank 34/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively low, compared to other countries with available data. (1.4 %, rank 30/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (10.3 %, rank 34/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of new entrants in arts and humanities bachelor's programmes is especially low, compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.5 %, rank 39/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of new entrants in arts and humanities master's programmes is relatively low, compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.2 %, rank 38/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of new entrants in natural sciences, mathematics and statistics bachelor's programmes is relatively low, compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (3 %, rank 36/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of new entrants in natural sciences, mathematics and statistics master's programmes is relatively low, compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 34/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of new entrants in science, technology, engineering and mathematics master's programmes is especially low, compared to the other countries with other data. (9.7 %, rank 38/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of new entrants in engineering, manufacturing and construction master's programmes is relatively low in Mexico among countries with available data. (4.4 %, rank 39/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Mexico has one of the smallest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1 %, rank 40/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international students entering tertiary education in Mexico is relatively low. (0.9 %, rank 31/32 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international students entering bachelor's programmes is relatively low. (0.9 %, rank 34/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of international students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 25/30 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of international students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Mexico is relatively small. (9.2 %, rank 32/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.4 %, rank 34/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from North America are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (44.5 %, rank 1/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from Latin America and the Caribbean are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (50.6 %, rank 3/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from Asia are least represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (1 %, rank 42/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from Europe are least represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.9 %, rank 39/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international or foreign students from Africa are lowest represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (1 %, rank 38/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The proportion of international students among the new entrants in master's programmes in Mexico is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (3.5 %, rank 33/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in bachelor's programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 %, rank 38/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in master's programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 37/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in short-cycle tertiary programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 28/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (0.9 %, rank 34/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (0.7 %, rank 34/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5887 USD Equivalent, rank 38/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3239 USD Equivalent, rank 39/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2557 USD Equivalent, rank 30/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2750 USD Equivalent, rank 39/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2770 USD Equivalent, rank 39/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5193 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student on research and development in tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (693 USD Equivalent, rank 32/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student on research and development for primary to tertiary education in Mexico is comparatively low. (106 USD Equivalent, rank 32/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the annual expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively low. (2760 USD Equivalent, rank 39/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, public expenditure from initial source of funds on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education per student is relatively low. (2702 USD Equivalent, rank 41/41 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is relatively lowest in Mexico. (3099 USD Equivalent, rank 40/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2020, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education in Mexico is one of the small among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1.7 %, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on primary to tertiary education in Mexico is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6137 USD Equivalent, rank 35/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of current expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (-5.1 %, rank 33/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    Compared to 2011, GDP is comparatively low. (98 Index, rank 43/48 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (1.6 %, rank 30/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (0.4 %, rank 8/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (0 %, rank 3/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, total expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to 2015. (84 Index, rank 36/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for tertiary education is low compared to 2015. (88 Index, rank 29/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for primary to tertiary education is low compared to 2015. (85 Index, rank 36/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary level is high. (0.4 %, rank 5/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2020, the average annual growth in total expenditure on educational institutions at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level is relatively low in Mexico. (-1.3 %, rank 34/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2010, from 2012 to 2020, the average annual growth in total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level is relatively small in Mexico. (-1 Index, rank 35/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Mexico. (3.7 %, rank 22/29 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of private expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively high in Mexico. (0.8 %, rank 6/29 , 2020) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2020, the average annual growth in total expenditure on primary to tertiary education in Mexico is one of the low among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-0.9 %, rank 33/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Government and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.8 %, rank 8/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (13.6 %, rank 4/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, total public expenditure on primary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (5.2 %, rank 6/46 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, total public expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (5.2 %, rank 5/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total expenditure on tertiary education is relatively low. (0 %, rank 29/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, international expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total expenditure on primary to tertiary education is relatively low. (0 %, rank 28/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of private expenditure from primary to tertiary education from initial source of funds is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.5 %, rank 5/29 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of public expenditure from initial sources of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (88.3 %, rank 24/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on primary to tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively low in Mexico. (0 %, rank 28/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively small. (82.5 %, rank 20/29 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total public expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively smallest in Mexico. (87 Index, rank 39/41 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of capital expenditure for primary to tertiary education in Mexico is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 29/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.6 %, rank 21/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total government expenditure is comparatively lowest in Mexico. (103 Index, rank 46/49 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of hours per year lower secondary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively high in Mexico. (988 Hours, rank 2/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary public school is especially high. (190 Days, rank 8/31 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in upper secondary public school is especially low. (172 Days, rank 27/31 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The number of hours per year pre-primary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively low in Mexico. (505 Hours, rank 27/27 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69.7 %, rank 39/45 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (54.5 %, rank 37/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in upper secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (49.6 %, rank 39/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (60.2 %, rank 34/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in general upper secondary education in Mexico is relatively small. (50.7 %, rank 33/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of women among teaching staff in vocational upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (48.3 %, rank 30/32 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of women among teaching staff in early childhood educational development is one of the highest, compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.8 %, rank 2/22 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34722 USD Equivalent, rank 26/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44 USD Equivalent, rank 25/29 , 2022) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the highest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (62681 USD Equivalent, rank 8/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34047 USD Equivalent, rank 20/28 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the most rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.95 Ratio, rank 7/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (21802 USD Equivalent, rank 30/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (21873 USD Equivalent, rank 32/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (34047 USD Equivalent, rank 29/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (27726 USD Equivalent, rank 30/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (21873 USD Equivalent, rank 25/29 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.23 Ratio, rank 32/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively high. (2.86 Ratio, rank 2/32 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.7 Ratio, rank 10/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19 Ratio, rank 6/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (24.1 Ratio, rank 3/46 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level is especially high. (29.7 Ratio, rank 1/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the upper secondary level is especially high. (21.9 Ratio, rank 4/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.6 Ratio, rank 1/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the vocational upper secondary level is especially high in Mexico. (16.5 Ratio, rank 8/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in public lower secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33.6 Ratio, rank 1/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in all public secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29.4 Ratio, rank 1/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in public institutions tertiary education is one of the highest among countries with available data. (19.3 Ratio, rank 9/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the number of students per teacher in private institutions tertiary education is one of the highest among countries with available data. (20.5 Ratio, rank 9/31 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the ratio of children to teaching staff in early childhood educational development is one of the highest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.1 Ratio, rank 2/21 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico the ratio of children to contact staff in early childhood educational development is one of the highest compared to the other OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.1 Ratio, rank 4/16 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of teachers' aides among contact staff in early childhood educational development is one of the highest of OECD and partner countries with available data. (73.4 Ratio, rank 2/12 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    Classes in public primary institutions are comparatively large in Mexico. (22 Students, rank 10/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively large in Mexico. (43 Students, rank 1/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively large in Mexico. (27 Students, rank 6/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In independent private institutions at lower secondary level, classes are one of the largest in Mexico among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22 Students, rank 6/19 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively low. (80.2 %, rank 38/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (65.4 %, rank 9/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (70.9 %, rank 36/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (73.2 %, rank 31/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (79.6 %, rank 37/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (88.1 %, rank 35/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (61.9 %, rank 36/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 55-64 year-olds with tertiary education is compartively low in Mexico. (60.7 %, rank 42/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 55-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is compartively low in Mexico. (53.2 %, rank 37/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (77.1 %, rank 30/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education is comparatively low. (78.8 %, rank 25/32 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (73.1 %, rank 35/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (69.3 %, rank 34/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (75.4 %, rank 33/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively low. (84.2 %, rank 40/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (74 %, rank 39/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 35-44 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education is comparatively low. (75.3 %, rank 29/32 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education is comparatively low. (73.4 %, rank 33/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-old men without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (87.9 %, rank 3/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-old women with tertiary education is comparatively low. (73.1 %, rank 40/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with below upper secondary education is compartively high in Mexico. (90.3 %, rank 2/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with tertiary education is compartively low in Mexico. (76.4 %, rank 36/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 55-64 year-old women with tertiary education is compartively low in Mexico. (47.2 %, rank 43/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low (66.7 %, rank 29/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of employed 25-64 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.3 %, rank 34/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of employed 25-64 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (88.7 %, rank 3/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of employed 25-64 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (53.1 %, rank 35/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the employment rate of 25-34 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Mexico compared to other countries with available data. (55.2 %, rank 34/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the employment rate of 25-34 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Mexico. (89 %, rank 6/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary education is comparatively low. (3 %, rank 40/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 55-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education is comparatively low. (1.7 %, rank 39/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (2.2 %, rank 42/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (2.9 %, rank 6/21 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (2.4 %, rank 30/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (3.2 %, rank 31/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (4 %, rank 32/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the unemployment rate of 25-34 year-old with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is relatively high in Mexico. (4.6 %, rank 9/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Unemployment by gender and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-old men without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (2.2 %, rank 41/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-old women without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (2.2 %, rank 39/42 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-old men with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Mexico. (2.8 %, rank 40/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-old women with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Mexico. (3.5 %, rank 36/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 55-64 year-old men with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Mexico. (2.1 %, rank 38/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 55-64 year-old women with below upper secondary education is compartively low in Mexico. (1.1 %, rank 38/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 55-64 year-old women with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is compartively low in Mexico. (1.5 %, rank 40/41 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (4.9 %, rank 23/32 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of unemployed 25-64 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.2 %, rank 31/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of unemployed 25-64 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.2 %, rank 30/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of unemployed 25-64 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.4 %, rank 32/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of unemployed 25-64 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.4 %, rank 29/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the unemployment rate of 25-34 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Mexico. (3.9 %, rank 31/33 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the unemployment rate of 25-34 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Mexico. (4 %, rank 30/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Inactivity and educational attainment

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is high in Mexico. (13.8 %, rank 7/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (19.3 %, rank 3/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (25.3 %, rank 7/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (14.1 %, rank 7/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (17.3 %, rank 4/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (9.3 %, rank 2/28 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (10.4 %, rank 7/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with a short cycle tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (18 %, rank 5/27 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with a short cycle tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (24.8 %, rank 3/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education is one of the highest among countries with available data. (16.8 %, rank 4/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest among countries with available data. (26.8 %, rank 4/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (25.2 %, rank 8/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (36.6 %, rank 1/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Inactivity by gender and educational attainment

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women without an upper secondary education is relatively high. (53.5 %, rank 10/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old men without an upper secondary education is relatively low compared to other countries with available data. (7.2 %, rank 41/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old men without an upper secondary education is relatively low compared to other countries with available data. (10.1 %, rank 40/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (42.6 %, rank 2/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (41.8 %, rank 2/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low. (7.2 %, rank 31/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low. (8.4 %, rank 36/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (29.8 %, rank 5/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (45.6 %, rank 2/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (41.9 %, rank 4/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old women with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (42.6 %, rank 4/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women with tertiary education is relatively high. (19.5 %, rank 7/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old women with tertiary education is relatively high. (24.4 %, rank 5/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old men with tertiary education is relatively high. (7.4 %, rank 9/44 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old men with tertiary education is relatively high. (8.6 %, rank 8/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is high. (153 Index, rank 9/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (163 Index, rank 8/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of worker earning more than twice the median among those with a tertiary education degree is comparatively . (53 %, rank 1/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old workers without an upper secondary education earning more than twice the overall median in Mexico is one of the highest among countries with available data. (7.8 %, rank 2/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 45-54 year-olds working full-time and full-year with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education compared to those of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high in Mexico. (134 Index, rank 6/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old workers with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education earning more than twice the overall median in Mexico is one of the highest among countries with available data. (23.7 %, rank 1/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 45-54 year-olds working full-time and full-year with tertiary education compared to those of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high in Mexico. (246 Index, rank 8/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 25-64 year-olds working full-time and full-year with bachelor's or equivalent attainment compared to those of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high in Mexico. (192 Index, rank 9/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 45-54 year-olds working full-time and full-year with bachelor's or equivalent attainment compared to those of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high in Mexico. (239 Index, rank 4/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (66.1 %, rank 38/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (72.3 %, rank 36/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (75 %, rank 38/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women (as a percentage of men's earnings) among full- and part-time 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (53.7 %, rank 38/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-34 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the low among countries with available data. (73.4 %, rank 37/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-34 year-olds without an upper secondary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (66.4 %, rank 27/30 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (45-54 year-olds without an upper secondary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (63.8 %, rank 34/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (72.7 %, rank 27/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (72.2 %, rank 26/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (45-54 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (72 %, rank 23/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (69.2 %, rank 26/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (45-54 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (50.8 %, rank 28/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (45-54 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (68.1 %, rank 35/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of inactive youth neither in formal education nor training among 18-24 year-olds in Mexico is one of the highest among countries with available data. (16.9 %, rank 6/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of unemployed youth neither in formal education nor training among 18-24 year-olds in Mexico is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 33/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of men without an upper secondary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low (10.2 %, rank 38/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-29 year-olds neither in employment nor in education and training without an upper secondary in Mexico is relatively low. (33.5 %, rank 31/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high (38.9 %, rank 2/32 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low (7.4 %, rank 25/29 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-29 year-olds neither in employment nor in education and training with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is relatively high (23.1 %, rank 5/33 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high (34.5 %, rank 6/30 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-29 year-olds neither in employment nor in education and training with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Mexico is relatively high. (24.2 %, rank 7/31 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high. (38.7 %, rank 5/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of men with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low. (7.5 %, rank 30/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-29 year-olds neither in employment nor in education and training with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary in Mexico is relatively high. (23.2 %, rank 9/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women with tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high. (19.6 %, rank 7/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-29 year-olds neither in employment nor in education and training with tertiary education in Mexico is relatively high. (14.5 %, rank 8/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women who are inactive NEET (15-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high. (27.5 %, rank 2/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women who are unemployed NEET (15-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low. (2 %, rank 35/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women who are inactive NEET (18-24 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high. (27.6 %, rank 4/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of women who are unemployed NEET (18-24 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low. (2.3 %, rank 32/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of men who are unemployed NEET (15-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low. (3.2 %, rank 32/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of men who are unemployed NEET (18-24 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low. (3.8 %, rank 31/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of inactive NEET (15-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively high. (16.9 %, rank 3/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of unemployed NEET (15-29 year-olds) in Mexico is relatively low. (2.6 %, rank 34/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 25-29 year-olds in Mexico is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.9 %, rank 8/40 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the share of women neither employed nor in education among 15-29 year-olds is relatively high. (29.5 %, rank 4/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Mexico, the proportion of youth with a tertiary degree who are neither employed nor in education or training among 15-29 year-olds is comparatively large. (14.7 %, rank 8/39 , 2021) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
    
    • On average in OECD countries, the employment rate for younger adults (25-34 year-olds) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education as their highest attainment is 83% for those with a vocational qualification and 73% for those with a general one.
    • Combined school- and work-based vocational programmes facilitate the transition into the labour market. In Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia and Switzerland, around nine out of ten upper secondary VET students are in a combined school- and work-based programme, but in 10 countries, the share is less than one in five.
    • Vocational education and training (VET) programmes, which often require specific equipment and infrastructure, typically cost more per student than general programmes. On average across OECD countries, expenditure per student is about USD 11 400 in general upper secondary programmes, compared to about USD 13 200 in vocational programmes.
    • On average across OECD countries, 43% of teachers in vocational upper secondary programmes are aged 50 or over. This reflects an ageing VET teacher workforce, and also that some VET teachers join the teaching profession after an industry work experience.
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    • On average across OECD, 20% of adults (25-64 year-olds) still do not have an upper secondary qualification in 2022. Forty percent have an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary qualification as their highest level of education, the same share as those with a tertiary degree.
    • Employment rates increase as educational attainment increases. Among 25-64 year-olds, the employment rate is 59% for those with below upper secondary attainment. This rises to 77% for adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary attainment and 86% for those with tertiary attainment.
    • Civic engagement tends to increase as educational attainment increases. Across the OECD countries and accession countries participating in the European Social Survey (ESS) Round 10, around 10% of individuals with tertiary attainment have participated in a public demonstration in the previous 12 months, whereas 6% of individuals with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary educational attainment have done so.
    • The most common form of participation in adult learning is non-formal education and training, mostly job related. Slightly more than one in ten adults (25-64 year-olds) participate in non-formal education and training on average across OECD and accession countries reporting data with a four-week reference period, of which almost 80% have engaged in at least one job-related learning activity.
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    • On average, 18% of children under 2 and 43% of 2-year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education (ECEC) programmes in 2021 but other ECEC services also play a significant role. In Japan, 26% of children under 2 and 53% of 2-year-olds are enrolled in ECEC services outside ISCED 0.
    • In Canada, Ireland and New Zealand, vocational programmes mostly serve those who have completed their initial schooling, and less than 12% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are pursuing VET. In contrast, there are 11 OECD countries where the majority of 15-19 year-olds enrolled in upper secondary education are in vocational programmes.
    • Most upper secondary VET students are in programmes that offer direct access to tertiary education. Countries where around 30% or more vocational students enrolled in programmes that lead to full level completion without direct access to tertiary education tend to be those with multiple vocational tracks and bridging options to allow progression to higher levels of education.
    • On average, 72% of students who enter upper secondary education graduate within its theoretical duration across countries with available data. Two years after the end of the theoretical duration, the average completion rate has increased to 82%.
    • Students who entered a general upper secondary programme have a higher rate of completion (87%) than those who entered in a vocational programme (73%) in nearly all countries two years after the end of the theoretical programme duration.
    • The COVID-19 pandemic had a very uneven impact on international student flows across countries during the period 2019-2021. While the share of mobile students fell by 6 percentage points in Australia and 9 percentage points in New Zealand, it increased in several countries and remained unchanged in many others.
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    • Across OECD countries, expenditure per student averages around USD 10 700 at the primary level, USD 11 900 at secondary and USD 18 100 at tertiary level. This reflects the fact that higher levels of education often require teachers to have more advanced qualifications and specialised knowledge which are usually accompanied by higher salaries.
    • Vocational education and training (VET) programmes, which often require specific equipment and infrastructure, typically cost more per student than general programmes. On average across OECD countries, expenditure per student is about USD 11 400 in general upper secondary programmes, compared to about USD 13 200 in vocational programmes.
    • Upper secondary vocational programmes receive between 3% and 17% of all funding for primary to tertiary educational institutions. Post-secondary non-tertiary programmes, which are often vocational, receive as much as 7% of funding (in Ireland) and short-cycle tertiary as much as 10% (in Canada).
    • In 2020, on average across OECD countries, 84% of the funding for primary to tertiary educational institutions came directly from government sources, 15% from private sources and 1% from non-domestic (international) sources.
    • Higher education levels tend to have higher teachers' salary costs per student. On average across OECD countries, they rise from USD 3 614 per student in primary education to USD 4 424 in lower secondary education. This is mostly due to a combination of higher teachers' salaries and instruction time, and shorter teaching hours.
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    • Students across the OECD receive an average of 7 634 hours of compulsory instruction during their primary and lower secondary education, ranging from 5 245 hours in Poland to double that in Australia (11 000 hours).
    • Teachers' actual salaries at pre-primary, primary and general secondary levels of education are 81-95% of the earnings of tertiary-educated workers on average across OECD countries and other participants.
    • School heads' actual salaries are more than 51% higher on average than those of teachers across primary and secondary education in OECD countries and other participants.
    • More than three-quarters of the OECD countries have national, or central, examinations in the final years of upper secondary education (in general programmes). A large majority of these countries use these examinations to grant students access to tertiary education.
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Mexico

    Click on the coverpage to see the full OECD iLibrary version
    Key
    Country Reviews for Mexico

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Data for the latest available year is preferred and some countries may have provided data refering to a more recent or late year. To know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.