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  • Education system in Latvia

    Latvia
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2020)
  • On average, 39% of all upper secondary students enrol in VET programmes in Latvia, a lower proportion than the OECD average of 42%.
  • In 2019, 44% of 25-34 year-olds had a tertiary degree in Latvia compared to 45% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Latvia, in 2018, 25-64 year-olds with a tertiary degree with income from full-time, full-year employment earned 46% more than full-time, full-year workers with upper secondary education compared to 54% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2017, Latvia invested a total of USD 7 121 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 11 231 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2018, 93% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Latvia, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of tertiary graduates younger than 30-years-old is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (72.5 %, rank 28/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.3 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.8 %, rank 9/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.4 %, rank 4/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 %, rank 31/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (28 Years, rank 17/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Latvia is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (19.7 Years, rank 5/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the average age of first-time tertiary graduates is relatively high. (28.1 Years, rank 1/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of first-time short-cycle tertiary graduates younger than 30 is relatively low. (54.4 %, rank 22/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of first-time bachelor's graduates younger than 30 is relatively low. (80.5 %, rank 23/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of first-time master's graduates younger than 35 is relatively low. (82.1 %, rank 20/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of first-time doctorate graduates younger than 35 is relatively low. (46.3 %, rank 26/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 31/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Latvia has one of the smallest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (36.7 %, rank 28/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Latvia has one of the largest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (54.3 %, rank 3/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of arts is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.2 %, rank 15/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (18.1 %, rank 3/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business, administration and law is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (27.1 %, rank 10/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3.5 %, rank 26/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (nursing and associate health fields) is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (1.1 %, rank 14/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (7.2 %, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Latvia is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (93 %, rank 4/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of new entrants younger than 25 in bachelor's or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (74.9 %, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of new female entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (68.3 %, rank 5/24 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes younger than 25 is relatively low. (74.9 %, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in school- and work-based programmes among all upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (100 %, rank 1/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Latvia, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme before the age of 35 ranks as one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Latvia has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (28.5 %, rank 23/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Latvia has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (26.8 %, rank 23/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree before the age of 35 is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (13.6 %, rank 21/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Latvia has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctoral or an equivalent education before the age of 30. (0.2 %, rank 24/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Latvia has one of the largest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (64.3 %, rank 1/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (68.4 %, rank 1/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (36.4 %, rank 35/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (50 %, rank 1/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Latvia is relatively high. (63.8 %, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.7 %, rank 37/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.5 %, rank 8/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Latvia is relatively small. (7.9 %, rank 37/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Latvia is relatively large. (21.9 %, rank 3/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Latvia is relatively small. (12.6 %, rank 41/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.2 %, rank 28/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 33/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.3 %, rank 5/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Latvia, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (109 %, rank 18/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively high (130 %, rank 8/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The annual training costs per participant are one of the lowest across OECD countries and partner countries. (735.8 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Latvia. (657.4 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of over 249 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Latvia. (757.9 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low compared to other OECD countries and partner countries. (0.8 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 23/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of ver 249 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low. (1 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Latvia, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (6.7 %, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all national tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (7.1 %, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all national tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (2.9 %, rank 31/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of education is relatively small. (7.1 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (66.7 %, rank 28/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (32.6 %, rank 28/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of arts and humanities is relatively small. (6.7 %, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Latvia, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degreee (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (43.7 %, rank 1/21 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively low. (8.9 %, rank 22/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of education among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (3 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (6.3 %, rank 30/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively high. (32.4 %, rank 6/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (11.1 %, rank 28/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.9 %, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.1 %, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 30/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 33/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.3 %, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    In Latvia, the share of current expediture on primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (87.7 %, rank 29/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of capital expediture on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.8 %, rank 3/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of current expediture on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (88.2 %, rank 30/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of capital expediture on primary through tertiary is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.3 %, rank 6/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of current expediture on primary through tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (88.7 %, rank 24/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of current expediture on secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (88.6 %, rank 31/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth rate of total expenditure on tertiary educational institutions between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-2.5 %, rank 27/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8346 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7121 USD Equivalent, rank 30/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6222 USD Equivalent, rank 24/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6379 USD Equivalent, rank 28/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7102 USD Equivalent, rank 28/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6379 USD Equivalent, rank 30/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (6245 USD Equivalent, rank 25/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary to tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (6560 USD Equivalent, rank 21/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (115 USD Equivalent, rank 26/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (134 USD Equivalent, rank 20/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary educational services on primary to tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (119 USD Equivalent, rank 25/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively low. (6766 USD Equivalent, rank 29/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the total annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in primary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5979 USD Equivalent, rank 27/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, between 2012 and 2017, the average annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is one the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.3 %, rank 6/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent students from primary to tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-0.6 %, rank 30/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in tertiary education excluding R&D activities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5979 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the total annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7824 USD Equivalent, rank 33/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth of the number of full-time equivalent students in tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-2.6 %, rank 30/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Latvia, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies. (4 %, rank 27/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Latvia, the share of private expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 28/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the total public expenditure on primary through tertiary education from initial sources of funds is comparatively low. (84 Index, rank 38/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Tuition fees

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in independent private institutions for a bachelor's or equivalent level education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4714 USD Equivalent, rank 11/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in independent private institutions for a master's or equivalent level education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5550 USD Equivalent, rank 8/11 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in government dependent private institutions for a master's or equivalent level education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4565 USD Equivalent, rank 2/7 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuitions fees charged by independent private institutions, for foreign students in bachelor's or equivalent level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5955 USD Equivalent, rank 3/3 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuitions fees charged by independent private institutions, for foreign students in master's or equivalent level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6861 USD Equivalent, rank 3/3 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in primary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 33/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in upper secondary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.2 %, rank 7/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (84.6 %, rank 1/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56 %, rank 3/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (83.8 %, rank 1/21 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (42.2 %, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (41.1 %, rank 31/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (45.1 %, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially high. (45.4 %, rank 5/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19635 USD Equivalent, rank 23/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25761 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24714 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26957 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary of 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24649 USD Equivalent, rank 24/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25515 USD Equivalent, rank 23/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (25411 USD Equivalent, rank 19/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia. (24993 USD Equivalent, rank 21/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia. (24738 USD Equivalent, rank 24/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia. (24237 USD Equivalent, rank 24/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (15040 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15040 USD Equivalent, rank 33/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15040 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15040 USD Equivalent, rank 26/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    The average pre-primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29672 USD Equivalent, rank 17/18 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest in Latvia relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (32258 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (30413 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36754 USD Equivalent, rank 22/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary school heads is relatively low compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (26662 USD Equivalent, rank 16/16 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Latvia. (31909 USD Equivalent, rank 20/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Latvia. (30132 USD Equivalent, rank 20/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Latvia. (30416 USD Equivalent, rank 20/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary men school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Latvia. (31465 USD Equivalent, rank 20/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary women school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Latvia. (30235 USD Equivalent, rank 20/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.4 Ratio, rank 30/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level is especially low. (8.6 Ratio, rank 37/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.5 Ratio, rank 35/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students in Latvia is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2381 Hours, rank 32/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, compulsory instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (599 Hours, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (794 Hours, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes are particularly small in lower secondary schools. (16 Students, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes are particularly small in primary schools. (16 Students, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for lower secondary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (173 Days, rank 32/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for primary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (169 Days, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in public primary institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (17 Students, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (10 Students, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (16 Students, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (13 Students, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.5 %, rank 4/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (97.6 %, rank 4/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (78.4 %, rank 7/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (76.6 %, rank 25/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Latvia, compared to other OECD countries. (16.4 %, rank 25/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is low in Latvia. (23.9 %, rank 33/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is low in Latvia. (7 %, rank 38/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (8.4 %, rank 7/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively Latvia. (16 %, rank 30/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high. (8.8 %, rank 6/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (39.1 %, rank 8/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (28.3 %, rank 25/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (91 Index, rank 5/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (74.8 %, rank 29/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings by field of education

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information are high, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Latvia. (87.6 %, rank 1/14 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of business, administration and law are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Latvia. (106.4 %, rank 11/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Latvia. (100.7 %, rank 12/14 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Latvia. (100.5 %, rank 15/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    (2.7 %, rank 38/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (3.7 %, rank 31/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (8.9 %, rank 34/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (14.3 %, rank 34/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who believe they have a say in government is among the lowest across OECD and partner countries. (15.2 %, rank 26/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of adults who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (15.9 %, rank 27/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of adults without an upper secondary education who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does relatively is low. (10.2 %, rank 23/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of adults with a tertiary education who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does relatively is low. (20.7 %, rank 26/28 , 2018) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • While 37% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are in vocational programmes, the share increases to 61% among students over 25.
    • The most popular fields of study among vocational graduates vary at different levels of education. While engineering, manufacturing and construction is the most common broad field at upper secondary level, at short-cycle tertiary level, most students graduate from business, administration and law, or health and welfare.
    • Combined school and work-based learning can help students transition smootly into the labor market. However, only one -third of all upper secondary vocational students are enrolled in school and work-based programmes on average across OECD countries.
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    • Between the age of 3 to 5, 88% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • The estimated expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in ECEC and primary education amounts to an average of 0.6% of GDP. Only in Iceland and Norway does it equal or exceed 1.0%.
    • The ECEC workforce is at the heart of high-quality education. On average across OECD countries, there are 14 children for every teacher working in pre-primary education (ISCED 02).
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    • In 2019, 45% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 28% among 55-64 year-olds, on average across OECD countries.
    • On average across OECD countries, 17% of first-time tertiary entrants enter short-cycle tertiary programmes. The employment rate of adults with a short-cycle tertiary degree is 4 percentage points higher than those with an upper secondary vocational attainment and they earn 16% more, on average across OECD countries.
    • Based on current patterns, it is estimated that 38% of young adults across OECD countries will graduate from tertiary education for the first time before the age of 30 (excluding international students).
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    • In 2017, total expenditure amounted to approximately USD 9 100 per student in primary institutions and USD 10 500 in secondary institutions on average across OECD countries.
    • After increasing between 2005 and 2012, total expenditure on primary to tertiary institutions as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) has fallen to 4.9% in 2017 on average, below its 2005 value of 5.1%. This is due to educational expenditure rising more slowly than GDP over this period, growing by 17% while GDP grew by 27%.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
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    • There are relatively few young teachers (under the age of 30), and the proportion decreases with the level of education. Young teachers make up 12% of the teaching population in primary education, 10% in lower secondary education and 8% in upper secondary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • While instruction time for students increases at higher educational levels, statutory teaching time in public institutions decreases: teachers in OECD countries and economies are required to teach on average 778 hours per year at primary level compared to 680 hours at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • Between 2005 and 2019, the statutory salaries of primary and secondary general teachers - with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications - increased by 2-3%, despite salaries falling after the 2008 economic crisis, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Latvia

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Some countries may have provided data refering to another year, to know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.