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Diagram of the education system

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  • Education system in Iceland

    Iceland
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2020)
  • On average, 28% of all upper secondary students enrol in VET programmes in Iceland, a lower proportion than the OECD average of 42%.
  • In 2019, 47% of 25-34 year-olds had a tertiary degree in Iceland compared to 45% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2017, Iceland invested a total of USD 13 819 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 11 231 on average across OECD countries. This represents 5.8% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2018, 97% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Iceland, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 19% - 21% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in Iceland compared to 78-80% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    In Iceland, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (23.6 %, rank 10/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (1.4 %, rank 7/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of tertiary graduates younger than 30-years-old is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (78.8 %, rank 23/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.5 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16.6 %, rank 25/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.5 %, rank 30/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.9 %, rank 30/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (36.3 Years, rank 4/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from vocational programmes in Iceland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (29 Years, rank 6/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Iceland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (21.1 Years, rank 1/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the average age of first-time tertiary graduates is relatively high. (27.2 Years, rank 5/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of first-time short-cycle tertiary graduates younger than 30 is relatively low. (50 %, rank 23/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of first-time bachelor's graduates younger than 30 is relatively low. (79.3 %, rank 24/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of first-time master's graduates younger than 35 is relatively low. (64.9 %, rank 26/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of first-time doctorate graduates younger than 35 is relatively low. (47.5 %, rank 24/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the largest among countries with available data. (28.4 %, rank 6/46 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Iceland has one of the smallest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (33.1 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Iceland has one of the smallest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (31.4 %, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (10.4 %, rank 29/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.2 %, rank 33/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of three-year-olds in early childhood education in Iceland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (96.6 %, rank 7/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of four-year-olds in early childhood and primary education in Iceland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (97.1 %, rank 9/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Iceland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.7 %, rank 6/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of female students enrolled in upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (36.1 %, rank 37/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of new female entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (70.2 %, rank 3/24 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.9 %, rank 33/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in programmes providing full completion and access to tertiary education among all students enrolled in upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.8 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Iceland, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme before the age of 35 ranks as one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 26/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Iceland has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education before the age of 30. (0.9 %, rank 18/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Iceland has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctoral or an equivalent education before the age of 30. (0.2 %, rank 24/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (33.2 %, rank 37/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Iceland has one of the largest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (62 %, rank 6/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (54.5 %, rank 8/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (0 %, rank 42/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (25 %, rank 35/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Iceland is relatively low. (32.8 %, rank 23/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 %, rank 10/42 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.6 %, rank 34/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Iceland is relatively small. (7.8 %, rank 39/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Iceland is relatively large. (34.4 %, rank 5/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of information and communication technologies in Iceland is relatively small. (0 %, rank 42/44 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Iceland is relatively small. (6.3 %, rank 42/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.9 %, rank 35/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (50.4 %, rank 2/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is relatively low. (1.4 %, rank 21/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Iceland, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (10.3 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all national tertiary students in Iceland is relatively low. (9.2 %, rank 31/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (0 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (59.1 %, rank 35/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (18.2 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (10.3 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Iceland is one of the least attractive destinations to foreign students compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 75/81 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 37/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degreee (LFD) programmes is relatively low. (1.1 %, rank 19/21 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively high. (37.7 %, rank 8/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively high. (43.4 %, rank 1/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively low. (8.1 %, rank 25/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively low. (6.7 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively high. (18 %, rank 1/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively low. (2.4 %, rank 29/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively low. (8.4 %, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of health and welfare among all international or foreign tertiary students in Iceland is relatively low. (3.8 %, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of business, administration and law is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.7 %, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2 %, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 33/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.8 %, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.5 %, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    In Iceland, the share of capital expediture on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.7 %, rank 24/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of current expediture on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95.3 %, rank 9/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of capital expediture on primary through tertiary is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 27/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of current expediture on primary through tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95.9 %, rank 2/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Between 2012 and 2017, the average annual growth rate in total expenditure on educational institutions from primary to tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.6 %, rank 2/31 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, total governement expenditure is relatively high. (118 Index, rank 3/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of capital expediture on secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.4 %, rank 28/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of capital expediture on post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.5 %, rank 14/17 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of capital expediture on tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2 %, rank 31/31 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth rate of total expenditure on tertiary educational institutions between 2012 and 2017 is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 5/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13819 USD Equivalent, rank 9/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17350 USD Equivalent, rank 4/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13333 USD Equivalent, rank 3/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13122 USD Equivalent, rank 10/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively high. (13254 USD Equivalent, rank 5/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the total annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in primary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12588 USD Equivalent, rank 3/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, between 2012 and 2017, the average annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is one the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.8 %, rank 2/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average annual growth rate of total expenditure per full-time equivalent student in tertiary education between 2012 and 2017 is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.5 %, rank 3/31 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Iceland, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies. (5.8 %, rank 9/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (5.5 %, rank 3/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (0.3 %, rank 29/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The total expenditure on early childhood and care educational institutions, as a percentage of GDP, is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.7 %, rank 3/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.5 %, rank 30/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8 %, rank 32/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Iceland has one of the smallest shares of private expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (4.5 %, rank 31/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (13.4 %, rank 7/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education is comparatively large . (89.9 %, rank 6/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively large . (95 %, rank 5/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Iceland compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.2 %, rank 6/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the share of private expenditure on tertiary education from initial source of funds is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8 %, rank 22/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (174 Days, rank 28/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in upper secondary school is especially low. (169 Days, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (93.9 %, rank 35/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (82.4 %, rank 4/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary teachers older than 50 is especially high. (38.7 %, rank 8/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the least rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.2 Ratio, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.19 Ratio, rank 23/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of primary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.2 Ratio, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.21 Ratio, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers less time to progress through the salary scale in Iceland compared to other OECD and partner countries. (15 Years, rank 22/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In pre-primary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is relatively low. (1.19 Ratio, rank 24/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In primary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively low. (1.2 Ratio, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively low. (1.2 Ratio, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In upper secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is relatively low. (1.21 Ratio, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 Ratio, rank 36/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (11 Ratio, rank 37/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Iceland, the intended instruction time for lower secondary students (in hours per year) is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (839 Hours, rank 26/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, total intended instruction time for lower secondary students is among the shortest compared to other countries with available data. (2516 Hours, rank 27/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for lower secondary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (170 Days, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for primary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (170 Days, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Iceland. (15 Students, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Iceland. (14 Students, rank 30/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.2 %, rank 7/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (95.5 %, rank 1/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (98.1 %, rank 3/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (80 %, rank 8/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (93.2 %, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.5 %, rank 1/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (1.7 %, rank 34/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is low in Iceland. (13.4 %, rank 41/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low in Iceland. (11.1 %, rank 37/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is low in Iceland. (6.3 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (2.5 %, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively Iceland. (4.4 %, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (2.7 %, rank 25/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    (6.1 %, rank 39/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (7.5 %, rank 37/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (2.9 %, rank 33/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (4.5 %, rank 38/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (7.3 %, rank 39/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    In Iceland, the proportion of adults who reported being interested in politics is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (71.3 %, rank 5/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of adults without an upper secondary education who reported being interested in politics is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (60.7 %, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Iceland, the proportion of adults with an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who reported being interested in politics is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (68.1 %, rank 6/28 , 2018) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
                            
    • While 37% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are in vocational programmes, the share increases to 61% among students over 25.
    • The most popular fields of study among vocational graduates vary at different levels of education. While engineering, manufacturing and construction is the most common broad field at upper secondary level, at short-cycle tertiary level, most students graduate from business, administration and law, or health and welfare.
    • Combined school and work-based learning can help students transition smootly into the labor market. However, only one -third of all upper secondary vocational students are enrolled in school and work-based programmes on average across OECD countries.
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    • Between the age of 3 to 5, 88% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • The estimated expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in ECEC and primary education amounts to an average of 0.6% of GDP. Only in Iceland and Norway does it equal or exceed 1.0%.
    • The ECEC workforce is at the heart of high-quality education. On average across OECD countries, there are 14 children for every teacher working in pre-primary education (ISCED 02).
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    • In 2019, 45% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 28% among 55-64 year-olds, on average across OECD countries.
    • On average across OECD countries, 17% of first-time tertiary entrants enter short-cycle tertiary programmes. The employment rate of adults with a short-cycle tertiary degree is 4 percentage points higher than those with an upper secondary vocational attainment and they earn 16% more, on average across OECD countries.
    • Based on current patterns, it is estimated that 38% of young adults across OECD countries will graduate from tertiary education for the first time before the age of 30 (excluding international students).
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    • In 2017, total expenditure amounted to approximately USD 9 100 per student in primary institutions and USD 10 500 in secondary institutions on average across OECD countries.
    • After increasing between 2005 and 2012, total expenditure on primary to tertiary institutions as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) has fallen to 4.9% in 2017 on average, below its 2005 value of 5.1%. This is due to educational expenditure rising more slowly than GDP over this period, growing by 17% while GDP grew by 27%.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
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    • There are relatively few young teachers (under the age of 30), and the proportion decreases with the level of education. Young teachers make up 12% of the teaching population in primary education, 10% in lower secondary education and 8% in upper secondary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • While instruction time for students increases at higher educational levels, statutory teaching time in public institutions decreases: teachers in OECD countries and economies are required to teach on average 778 hours per year at primary level compared to 680 hours at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • Between 2005 and 2019, the statutory salaries of primary and secondary general teachers - with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications - increased by 2-3%, despite salaries falling after the 2008 economic crisis, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data.
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    Country Reviews for Iceland

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Some countries may have provided data refering to another year, to know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.