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Czechia
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Czechia
Student performance (PISA 2022)
  • In mathematics, the main topic of PISA 2022, 15-year-olds in score 487 points compared to an average of 472 points in OECD countries.
  • On average, 15-year-olds score 489 points in reading compared to an average of 476 points in OECD countries.
  • In Czechia, the average performance in science of 15-year-olds is 498 points, compared to an average of 485 points in OECD countries.
  • Average 2022 results were down compared to 2018 in mathematics, and about the same as in 2018 in reading and science.
  • More students in the Czech Republic, than on average across OECD countries, were top performers (Level 5 or 6) in at least one subject. At the same time a larger proportion of students than on average across OECD countries achieved a minimum level of proficiency (Level 2 or higher) in all three subjects.
  • In the Czech Republic, 74% of students attained at least Level 2 proficiency in mathematics, significantly more than on average across OECD countries (OECD average: 69%). At a minimum, these students can interpret and recognize, without direct instructions, how a simple situation can be represented mathematically.
  • Some 11% of students in the Czech Republic were top performers in mathematics, meaning that they attained Level 5 or 6 in the PISA mathematics test (OECD average: 9%). At these levels, students can model complex situations mathematically, and can select, compare and evaluate appropriate problem-solving strategies for dealing with them.
  • In the Czech Republic socio-economically advantaged students (the top 25% in terms of socio-economic status) outperformed disadvantaged students (the bottom 25%) by 116 score points in mathematics. This is larger than the average difference between the two groups (93 score points) across OECD countries.
  • Socio-economic status was a predictor of performance in mathematics, it accounted for 22% of the variation in mathematics performance in PISA 2022 in the Czech Republic (compared to 15% on average across OECD countries).
  • Boys outperformed girls in mathematics by 7 score points; girls outperformed boys in reading by 29 score points in the Czech Republic. Globally, in mathematics, boys outperformed girls in 40 countries and economies, girls outperformed boys in another 17 countries or economies.
  • In the Czech Republic, 69% of students reported that their school building was closed for more than three months due to COVID-19. On average across OECD countries, 51% of students experienced similarly long school closures. In education systems where performance remained high and students' sense of belonging improved, fewer students experienced longer school closures.
  • In the Czech Republic, 97% reported that they had attended pre-primary education for one year or more (OECD average: 94%).
  • Some 4% of students in the Czech Republic reported that they had repeated a grade at least once (OECD average: 9%) after entering primary school. Grade repetition tends to be less prevalent in high performing systems.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    in Czechia, compared to the share of students who did not attended pre-primary school for at least one year, the share of students who did so having repeated a grade at least once in any education level is one of the smallest among PISA-participating countries and economies, before accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (0.14 Ratio, rank 70/72 , 2022) Download Indicator

    in Czechia, compared to the share of students who did not attended pre-primary school for at least one year, the share of students who did so having repeated a grade at least once in any education level is one of the smallest among PISA-participating countries and economies, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (0.29 Ratio, rank 61/70 , 2022) Download Indicator

    School climate

    A small share of students reported skipping a whole school day at least once in the two weeks prior to the PISA test. (10.2 %, rank 76/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Classroom environment

    Czechia has one of the smallest share of students in schools that group students by abillity for all subjects. (0.5 %, rank 78/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Student well-being

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Czechia has one of the lowest index of mathematics anxiety. (0.02 PISA Index, rank 67/76 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Students' engagement, drive and self-beliefs

    Czechia has one of the smallest differences in mathematics performance associated with a one-hour increase in the time spent doing homework in mathematics, before accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-18 PISA Score points, rank 54/58 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Czechia has one of the smallest differences in mathematics performance associated with a one-hour increase in the time spent doing homework in mathematics, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-14 PISA Score points, rank 52/59 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Performance and socio-economic status

    The variance of results in mathematics is strongly associated with the socio-economic status of students, as measured by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS). (22 %, rank 4/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The difference in mathematics performance associated with a one-unit increase in the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) is one of the largest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (51 PISA Score, rank 2/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The maths performance of students in the top international decile of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) scale is among the highest, compared to countries and economies participating in PISA. (555 PISA Score, rank 9/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Czechia has one of the highest differences in mathematics performance between students in the top quarter and students in the bottom quarter of the economic, social and cultural status index (ESCS). (116 PISA Score, rank 8/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Czechia is one of the countries where the relationship between reading performance and socio-economics status (ESCS) is the strongest. (18.3 %, rank 5/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Czechia has one of the smallest differences in mathematics score associated with repeating a grade among OECD and partner countries/economies, before accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-115 PISA Score points, rank 71/76 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The difference in science performance associated with a one-unit increase in the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) is one of the largest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (52 PISA Score, rank 2/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Performance and diversity

    In Czechia, the share of immigrant students aged 15 who do not speak the language of the PISA assessment at home is relatively high . (80.1 %, rank 6/76 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The difference in mathematics performance between students enrolled in general or modular programmes and those in pre-vocational or vocational programmes is relatively small in Czechia, before accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (12 PISA Score points, rank 35/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The difference in mathematics performance between students enrolled in general or modular programmes and those in pre-vocational or vocational programmes is relatively small in Czechia, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-8 PISA Score points, rank 29/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    Czechia has one of the smallest differences in mathematics performance associated with a one-hour increase in the time spent per day on digital devices for learning at school, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-8 PISA Score points, rank 55/60 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Czechia has one of the smallest differences in mathematics performance associated with a one-hour increase in the time spent per day on digital devices for learning at school, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-6 PISA Score points, rank 53/60 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    Between 2012 and 2022, Czechia recorded a particularly significant change in the percentage of teachers fully certified by the appropriate authority, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (-4.4 %, rank 8/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2018 and 2022, Czechia recorded a particularly small change in the percentage of teachers working full time in schools attended by 15-years-olds, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (-1.6 %, rank 23/27 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2018 and 2022, Czechia recorded a particularly significant change in the percentage of teachers working part time in schools attended by 15-years-olds, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (1.6 %, rank 5/27 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Teachers' practices

    Students in Czechia perceived their teachers as being less supportive compared to other PISA-participating countries and economies. (-0.5 %, rank 78/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students reporting that their teacher gives extra help when students need it, in most or every mathematics lessons, is relatively low in Czechia compared to other OECD and partner countries/economies. (59.8 %, rank 75/79 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Czechia recorded one of the smallest change between PISA 2012 and PISA 2022 in the percentage of students who reported the teacher gives extra help when students need it, in most or every mathematics lessons. (-14.1 % points, rank 39/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Governance

    Schools in Czechia are highly autonomous, as measured by the percentage of tasks for which they have considerable responsibility. (0.57 PISA Index, rank 5/66 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Czechia, compared to attending a public school, the difference in mathematics performance associated with attendance at private schools is among the smallest of the OECD and partner countries/economies, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (-31 PISA Score points, rank 30/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    COVID-19 effects on education

    Compared to other OECD and partner countries/economies, students in Czechia have a relatively weak perseverance. (-0.19 PISA Index, rank 45/50 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Compared to other OECD and partner countries/economies, students in Czechia are not relatively curious, as measured by the PISA index of curiosity. (-0.26 PISA Index, rank 71/72 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Czechia, students are characterized by their weak cooperation, when compared to other OECD and partner countries/economies, as measured by the PISA index of cooperation. (-0.19 PISA Index, rank 34/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Czechia, students are characterized by their weak emotional control, when compared to other OECD and partner countries/economies, as measured by the PISA index of students' emotional control. (-0.19 PISA Index, rank 57/61 , 2022) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
    
    • Singapore scored significantly higher than all other countries/economies in mathematics (575 points) and, along with Hong Kong (China), Japan, Korea, Macao (China), and Chinese Taipei, outperformed all other countries and economies in mathematics. Another 17 countries also performed above the OECD average (472 points), ranging from Estonia (510 points) to New Zealand (479 points).
    • Boys outperformed girls in mathematics by nine score points and girls outperformed boys in reading by 24 score points on average across OECD countries. In science, the performance difference between boys and girls is not significant.
    • An average of 69% of students are at least basically proficient in mathematics in OECD countries. This means they are beginning to demonstrate the ability and initiative to use mathematics in simple real-life situations.
    • In 16 out of 81 countries/economies participating in PISA 2022, more than 10% of students attained Level 5 or 6 proficiency, meaning they are high-performing: they understand that a problem is quantitative in nature and can formulate complex mathematical models to solve it. By contrast, less than 5% of students are high-performing in 42 countries/economies.
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    • Singapore scored significantly higher than all other countries/economies in reading (543 points) and science (561 points). Behind Singapore, Ireland performed as well as Estonia, Japan, Korea and Chinese Taipei while another 14 education systems performed above the OECD average in reading (476 points), ranging from Macao (China) (510 points) to Italy (482 points).
    • About three out of four students have achieved basic proficiency in reading in OECD countries.
    • In reading, an OECD average of 7% of students attained the highest proficiency levels of 5 or 6. In 13 countries/economies, more than 10% of students are top performers in reading.
    • No change in the OECD average over consecutive PISA assessments up to 2018 has ever exceeded five points in reading: in PISA 2022, however, the OECD average dropped by about 10 score points in reading compared to PISA 2018.. The unprecedented drops reading point to the shock effect of COVID-19 on most countries.
    • Only four countries and economies improved their performance between PISA 2018 and 2022 in all three subjects: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, the Dominican Republic and Chinese Taipei.
    • Trend analysis of PISA results reveals a decades-long decline that began well before the pandemic. In reading, performances peaked in 2012 and 2009, respectively, before dipping while performance began a downward descent in mathematics before 2018 in Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Slovak Republic and Switzerland.
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    • Mean performance in science remained stable.
    • In science, the highest-performing education systems are Singapore, Japan, Macao (China), Chinese Taipei, Korea, Estonia, Hong Kong (China) and Canada. Finland performed as well as Canada in science. In addition to these nine countries and economies, another 15 education systems also performed above the OECD average in science (485 points), ranging from Australia (507 points) to Belgium (491 points).
    • About three out of four students have achieved basic proficiency science in OECD countries.
    • In science, an OECD average of 7% of students attained the highest proficiency levels of 5 or 6. In 14 countries/economies, more than 10% of students are top performers in science.
    • Only four countries and economies improved their performance between PISA 2018 and 2022 in all three subjects: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, the Dominican Republic and Chinese Taipei.
    • Trend analysis of PISA results reveals a decades-long decline that began well before the pandemic. In science, performances peaked in 2012 and 2009, respectively, before dipping. while performance began a downward descent in mathematics before 2018 in Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Slovak Republic and Switzerland.
    Visualisations
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    • Socio-economically advantaged students scored 93 points more in mathematics than disadvantaged students on average across OECD countries. The performance gap attributed to students' socio-economic status is greater than 93 score points in 22 countries or economies and 50 points or fewer in 13 countries or economies.
    • Boys outperformed girls in mathematics by nine score points and girls outperformed boys in reading by 24 score points on average across OECD countries. In science, the performance difference between boys and girls is not significant.
    • Non-immigrant students scored 29 points more than immigrant students in mathematics on average across OECD countries but non-immigrant students scored only five points more than immigrant students once socio-economic status and language spoken at home had been accounted for.
    Visualisations
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    • Between 2018 and 2022 trends in students' sense of belonging at school were mixed, with equal proportions of countries/economies showing stable, improving or deteriorating trends. Of the 47 education systems with improving or stable trends, only 20 maintained or attained a level of students' sense of belonging at school that was at or above the OECD average. 
    • Around 10% of students reported feeling unsafe on their way to or from school, or in places outside of the classroom, on average across OECD countries. Some 20% of students reported that they are bullied at least a few times a month.
    • Overall, students felt more confident about using digital technology for learning remotely during future school closures than they felt about taking responsibility for their own learning. For instance, on average across OECD countries, about three out of four students reported that they feel confident or very confident about using a learning-management system, a school learning platform or a video communication program, as well as about finding learning resources online on their own.
    • Students' experience with learning at home was more positive in systems that were better prepared for remote learning. However, when learning remotely, 40% of all students reported feeling lonely and 50% of all students reported feeling anxious about schoolwork and that they fell behind in their studies; and three in ten students reported that teachers were not available when needed, on average across OECD countries. 
    Visualisations
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Czechia

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Czechia

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Data for the latest available year is preferred and some countries may have provided data refering to a more recent or late year. To know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.