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Czech Republic
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Czech Republic
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In the Czech Republic, men are more likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 56% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In the Czech Republic, 40% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 26% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, the Czech Republic invested a total of USD 9 206 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4.1% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 86% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in the Czech Republic, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 18% to 32% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in the Czech Republic compared to 86% - 91% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.9 %, rank 44/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Czech Republic has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.1 %, rank 38/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (6.5 %, rank 40/46 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.2 %, rank 41/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (59.4 %, rank 1/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (75.2 %, rank 1/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 34/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 38/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.1 %, rank 36/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained below upper secondary education in Czech Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.9 %, rank 35/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Czech Republic is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (90 %, rank 8/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (70.5 %, rank 2/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students in government-dependent private tertiary educational institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.8 %, rank 16/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69.9 %, rank 1/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 20-24-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (96.1 %, rank 5/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Czech Republic, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme before the age of 35 ranks as one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.1 %, rank 8/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Czech Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education programmes before the age of 30. (0.3 %, rank 24/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Czech Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education before the age of 30. (0.3 %, rank 20/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Czech Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (28.6 %, rank 23/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Czech Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (24.9 %, rank 23/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree before the age of 35 is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (20.3 %, rank 8/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Czech Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (27.6 %, rank 23/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of men (excluding international students) expected to be first-time graduates from tertiary education before the age of 30 is relatively small. (19.5 %, rank 24/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of women (excluding international students) expected to be first-time graduates from tertiary education before the age of 30 is relatively small. (36.3 %, rank 23/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67.9 %, rank 2/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of long first degree master's graduates in public institutions is relatively high in Czech Republic. (100 %, rank 1/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctorate graduates in public institutions is relatively high in Czech Republic. (99.6 %, rank 9/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of first-time short-cycle graduates is relatively low in Czech Republic. (0.9 %, rank 25/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time master's graduates is relatively high in Czech Republic. (13.7 %, rank 7/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at post-secondary non-tertiary level is comparatively small. (50.1 %, rank 24/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary general programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (48.9 %, rank 36/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Czech Republic has one of the largest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (62.5 %, rank 4/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Czech Republic is relatively low. (42.7 %, rank 20/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of female tertiary graduates in the field of sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.6 %, rank 8/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of male tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.9 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics is relatively high in Czech Republic. (42 %, rank 10/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is relatively low in Czech Republic. (5.8 %, rank 36/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by age

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Czech Republic is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (19.5 Years, rank 5/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the percentage of first-time master's graduates younger than 35 is relatively high. (90.9 %, rank 9/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.9 %, rank 37/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Czech Republic is relatively large. (22.4 %, rank 7/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Czech Republic, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (17.1 %, rank 29/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (54.5 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of business, administration and law is relatively small. (0 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (0 %, rank 27/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (0 %, rank 31/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in field of health and welfare is relatively small. (0 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Czech Republic has one of the largest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14.4 %, rank 8/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, international or foreign students from Europe are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (80.5 %, rank 7/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (23.5 %, rank 7/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of international graduates among bachelor's first-time graduates is relatively high. (11.3 %, rank 7/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively low. (17.2 %, rank 19/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (51 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (40 %, rank 24/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (36 %, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in formal education and training is comparatively low (271 %, rank 21/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (84 %, rank 24/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The annual training costs per participant are one of the lowest across OECD countries and partner countries. (599.6 %, rank 25/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Czech Republic. (367 %, rank 25/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of over 249 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Czech Republic. (742.6 %, rank 25/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of over 249 persons and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (59.6 %, rank 29/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of adults employed in the public sector and participating in non-formal education and training is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (64.4 %, rank 27/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of employed adults participating in job-related non-formal education and training not sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (3.5 %, rank 31/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of employed adults participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 31/33 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is relatively low. (0.5 %, rank 30/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (35 %, rank 36/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (34 %, rank 33/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with upper secondary or post-secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (29 %, rank 35/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of annual hours of participation of adults with tertiary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (47 %, rank 34/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6614 USD Equivalent, rank 30/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2427 USD Equivalent, rank 17/19 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on tertiary education in Czech Republic is comparatively low. (99 USD Equivalent, rank 20/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Czech Republic, expenditure on primary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (0.9 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, public and private expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (2.9 %, rank 28/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on educational institutions at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level is relatively high in Czech Republic. (4.1 %, rank 6/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to tertiary education is high. (0 USD Equivalent, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Czech Republic. (3.6 %, rank 17/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on primary to tertiary education in Czech Republic is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.8 %, rank 9/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education in Czech Republic is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3 %, rank 6/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on tertiary education is relatively large . (0.1 %, rank 4/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in the number of full-time equivalent student in tertiary education is one of the smallest in Czech Republic. (-4.3 %, rank 36/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on tertiary education in Czech Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 21/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on tertiary education in Czech Republic is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.6 %, rank 4/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    Compared to 2015, the share of total public expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively large in Czech Republic. (126 Index, rank 1/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on tertiary education from initial source of funds in Czech Republic is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.3 %, rank 7/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Nature of expenditure

    The percentage of capital expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively in Czech Republic. (10.7 %, rank 8/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of current expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (89.3 %, rank 26/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Czech Republic. (10.8 %, rank 8/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Czech Republic. (89.2 %, rank 27/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of capital expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high . (11.4 %, rank 2/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of current expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (87.5 %, rank 16/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on tertiary education is relatively in Czech Republic. (0 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on tertiary education is relatively in Czech Republic. (0.4 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of hours per year primary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively low in Czech Republic. (637 Hours, rank 28/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (193 Days, rank 6/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.5 %, rank 4/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.4 %, rank 5/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (77.9 %, rank 7/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44.7 %, rank 17/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (59.8 %, rank 5/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education (bachelor's, master's, doctorate or equivalent education) is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (37.9 %, rank 26/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (38.1 %, rank 33/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (76 %, rank 8/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (7.3 %, rank 28/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (43.3 %, rank 32/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (48.4 %, rank 29/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially high. (44.3 %, rank 8/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of women among teaching staff in vocational upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (59.7 %, rank 9/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers younger than 30 in primary education is especially high in Czech Republic. (92 %, rank 3/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers under 30 in lower secondary education is especially high in Czech Republic. (72.7 %, rank 10/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Females under 30 represent a small proportion of teachers in upper secondary education in Czech Republic. (52.2 %, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Females aged 50 or more represent a large proportion of teachers in primary education in Czech Republic. (94.7 %, rank 4/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in lower secondary education is especially high in Czech Republic. (81 %, rank 5/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.61 Ratio, rank 18/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.74 Ratio, rank 21/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.73 Ratio, rank 21/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.76 Ratio, rank 21/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46 USD Equivalent, rank 23/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32715 USD Equivalent, rank 20/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28266 USD Equivalent, rank 30/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28266 USD Equivalent, rank 30/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25304 USD Equivalent, rank 25/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28182 USD Equivalent, rank 30/33 , 2020) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19 USD Equivalent, rank 18/20 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary female teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year women workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.89 Ratio, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary male teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year men workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.65 Ratio, rank 18/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary of 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32722 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32707 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Czech Republic. (0.81 Ratio, rank 18/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 35-44 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Czech Republic. (0.65 Ratio, rank 19/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 45-54 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Czech Republic. (0.71 Ratio, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Czech Republic relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (29034 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (31372 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (34185 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (35798 USD Equivalent, rank 19/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the least rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.32 Ratio, rank 26/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (33259 USD Equivalent, rank 28/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (27081 USD Equivalent, rank 28/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (27081 USD Equivalent, rank 29/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (33429 USD Equivalent, rank 29/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (28182 USD Equivalent, rank 23/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries at the top of scale to their starting salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.18 Ratio, rank 24/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In pre-primary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is relatively low. (1.18 Ratio, rank 25/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In primary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively low. (1.31 Ratio, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively low. (1.32 Ratio, rank 29/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In upper secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is relatively low. (1.32 Ratio, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Pre-primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Czech Republic. (0.86 Ratio, rank 15/17 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Czech Republic. (1.13 Ratio, rank 19/22 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Upper-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Czech Republic. (1.2 Ratio, rank 16/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average pre-primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (38335 USD Equivalent, rank 14/18 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest in Czech Republic relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (50592 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (50592 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (53776 USD Equivalent, rank 17/22 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary school heads is relatively low compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (42137 USD Equivalent, rank 14/17 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (46272 USD Equivalent, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (50607 USD Equivalent, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (53243 USD Equivalent, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary men school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (52063 USD Equivalent, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary women school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Czech Republic. (49832 USD Equivalent, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (18.7 Ratio, rank 8/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.5 Ratio, rank 28/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the upper secondary level in government-dependent private institutions is especially low in Czech Republic. (10.8 Ratio, rank 15/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Czech Republic, the average intended instruction time, in hours per year, for primary students is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (690 Hours, rank 24/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, total intended instruction time for primary and lower secondary students is relatively short. (7020 Hours, rank 22/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively long. (3569 Hours, rank 10/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, total intended instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively long. (3569 Hours, rank 7/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Class size

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Czech Republic. (15 Students, rank 28/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Czech Republic. (18 Students, rank 25/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In government-dependent private institutions at primary education level, classes are relatively small in Czech Republic. (15 Students, rank 17/19 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In government-dependent private institutions at lower secondary level, classes are one of the smallest in Czech Republic among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18 Students, rank 17/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (93.7 %, rank 10/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education is compartively low in Czech Republic. (76.4 %, rank 35/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (80.4 %, rank 2/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (83.5 %, rank 1/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old men with tertiary education is compartively high in Czech Republic. (92.7 %, rank 7/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with tertiary education is compartively low in Czech Republic. (65.1 %, rank 40/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (3.4 %, rank 42/42 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively low. (2.5 %, rank 44/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is high in Czech Republic. (21.7 %, rank 3/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (3.4 %, rank 37/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low. (16.7 %, rank 32/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (67 Index, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (128 Index, rank 26/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (126 Index, rank 26/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full- and part-time with a short cycle tertiary education are comparatively low. (109 Index, rank 23/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (61 Index, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (65 Index, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (86.4 %, rank 3/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (79.2 %, rank 29/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training (15-19 year-olds) in Czech Republic is relatively low. (2.4 %, rank 38/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 20-24 year-olds in Czech Republic is relatively small. (9.6 %, rank 36/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 15-29 year-olds in Czech Republic is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.6 %, rank 32/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of men neither employed nor in education among 15-29 year-olds is relatively low. (4.6 %, rank 40/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 15-29 year-olds, the share of youth without an upper secondary degree who are neither employed nor in education or training in Czech Republic is relatively low. (9.4 %, rank 31/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of young men who are neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is comparatively small. (2 %, rank 38/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 20-24 year-olds men in Czech Republic, a small share of them are neither employed nor in education or training. (5.4 %, rank 39/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 25-29 year-olds men in Czech Republic, a small share of them are neither employed nor in education or training. (5.8 %, rank 38/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the percentage of women neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is relatively low. (2.7 %, rank 34/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of adults who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (16.6 %, rank 28/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of adults with an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (14.1 %, rank 28/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    The share of women among tertiary education new entrants is one of the largest compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (57.2 %, rank 4/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering bachelor's programmes in Czech Republic is relatively large. (56.7 %, rank 10/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes in Czech Republic is comparatively large. (62 %, rank 6/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Czech Republic is one of the smallest compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (45.3 %, rank 35/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    In Czech Republic, the average age of new entrants in doctoral programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.5 Years, rank 32/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the percentage of young people expected to enter in a short-cycle tertiary programme before the age of 25 is relatively low. (0.4 %, rank 30/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the percentage of first-time entrants into tertiary education younger than 25 is relatively high. (88.1 %, rank 9/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of young people (excluding international students) expected to enter in short-cycle tertiary programme before the age of 25 is relatively low. (0.4 %, rank 27/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the share of first-time entrants into master's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is relatively high. (90.2 %, rank 5/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Czech Republic, the proportion of first-time entrants into doctorate's or equivalent programmes before the age of 30 is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (76.3 %, rank 3/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of young people expected to enter master's programmes before the age of 30 is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.7 %, rank 9/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Czech Republic has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 30. (22.9 %, rank 8/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Czech Republic has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 25. (2.5 %, rank 4/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of today's young people (excluding international students) expected to enter master's programmes before the age of 25 is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (1.9 %, rank 2/30 , 2019) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
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    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
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    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
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    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
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    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
    Visualisations
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Czech Republic

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Czech Republic

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.