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Slovenia
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Slovenia
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In Slovenia, men are more likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 56% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Slovenia, 57% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 36% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, Slovenia invested a total of USD 9 584 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4.2% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 92% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Slovenia, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 67% to 80% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in Slovenia compared to 86% - 91% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.4 %, rank 43/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (49.8 %, rank 4/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a general upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.6 %, rank 38/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (5.2 %, rank 1/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (40.1 %, rank 3/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.6 %, rank 3/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.3 %, rank 37/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The share of 25-34 year-old men who attained below upper secondary education in Slovenia is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.7 %, rank 43/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old women who attained below upper secondary education in Slovenia is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4 %, rank 41/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Slovenia has one of the smallest share of women among 25-34 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (35.3 %, rank 30/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Slovenia is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.1 %, rank 2/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (70.8 %, rank 1/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 20-24 year-olds in Slovenia is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (56.3 %, rank 1/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Slovenia is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 %, rank 37/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (65.7 %, rank 4/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.5 %, rank 5/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of long first degree master's graduates in public institutions is relatively high in Slovenia. (100 %, rank 1/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    In Slovenia, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high. (53.2 %, rank 5/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (39.4 %, rank 5/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the share of male tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.3 %, rank 41/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics is relatively high in Slovenia. (47.1 %, rank 5/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.2 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Slovenia is relatively large. (18 %, rank 3/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of sciences, journalism and information in Slovenia is relatively small. (5.9 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all national tertiary students in Slovenia is relatively low. (18.2 %, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (18.8 %, rank 28/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (60.2 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Slovenia, international or foreign students from Europe are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (91.9 %, rank 2/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the proportion of international graduates among first-time master's graduates is relatively low. (5.5 %, rank 26/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively low. (7.4 %, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Slovenia is relatively high. (15.5 %, rank 4/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 %, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    In Slovenia, the number of annual hours of participation of adults in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively high (180 %, rank 1/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in formal and/or non-formal education and training is comparatively low (55 %, rank 22/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively high compared to other OECD countries and partner countries. (2.5 %, rank 2/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively high. (1.7 %, rank 5/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of ver 249 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively high. (3.1 %, rank 3/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Slovenia, the number of annual hours of participation of adults without an upper secondary education in non-formal education and training is comparatively low (45 %, rank 31/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Slovenia, international expenditure as a percentage of GDP on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively high. (0.1 %, rank 3/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level is relatively low in Slovenia. (-1 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to tertiary education is high. (0 USD Equivalent, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education in Slovenia is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-0.1 %, rank 26/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on tertiary education is relatively large . (0.1 %, rank 4/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of hours per year primary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively low in Slovenia. (627 Hours, rank 29/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (78.1 %, rank 5/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the share of women among teaching staff in vocational upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.8 %, rank 4/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Slovenia. (0.85 Ratio, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Slovenia, total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively short. (2298 Hours, rank 36/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the average compulsory instruction time, in hours per year, for lower secondary students is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (766 Hours, rank 37/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education is comparatively high. (90.4 %, rank 1/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (48.3 %, rank 40/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.2 %, rank 2/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (92 %, rank 5/41 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education is compartively high in Slovenia. (89.9 %, rank 5/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with tertiary education is compartively high in Slovenia. (89.2 %, rank 3/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low in Slovenia. (10.3 %, rank 40/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is low in Slovenia. (5.8 %, rank 43/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (85.5 %, rank 1/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (82.5 %, rank 3/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (93.7 %, rank 3/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    In Slovenia, the share of men neither employed nor in education among 15-29 year-olds is relatively low. (7.3 %, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 15-29 year-olds, the share of youth without an upper secondary degree who are neither employed nor in education or training in Slovenia is relatively low. (7 %, rank 38/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the proportion of young men who are neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is comparatively small. (2.8 %, rank 36/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Among 25-29 year-olds men in Slovenia, a small share of them are neither employed nor in education or training. (8 %, rank 35/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 18-24 year-old men neither employed nor in education or training is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (8.7 %, rank 35/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who believe they have a say in government is among the lowest across OECD and partner countries. (14.1 %, rank 27/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the proportion of adults who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (32.7 %, rank 25/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the proportion of adults without an upper secondary education who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (21.4 %, rank 22/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the proportion of adults with an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who reported being interested in politics is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (28.9 %, rank 26/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    The share of female students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes in Slovenia is comparatively small. (39.2 %, rank 35/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    In Slovenia, the average age of new entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.3 Years, rank 22/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the percentage of young people expected to enter into tertiary education before the age of 25 is relatively high. (72.2 %, rank 3/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovenia, the percentage of first-time entrants into tertiary education younger than 25 is relatively high. (94 %, rank 5/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth (excluding international students) expected to enter bachelor's or equivalent programme before the age of 25 is comparatively high in Slovenia. (63.8 %, rank 3/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth (excluding international students) expected to enter tertiary education before the age of 25 is comparatively high in Slovenia. (66.2 %, rank 4/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Slovenia has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 30. (27.1 %, rank 3/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding international students, Slovenia has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to enter master's programmes before turning 25. (2.5 %, rank 4/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of today's young people (excluding international students) expected to enter master's programmes before the age of 25 is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2 %, rank 1/30 , 2019) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
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    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
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    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
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    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
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    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Slovenia

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Slovenia

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.