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Qatar
Student performance (PISA 2022)
  • In mathematics, the main topic of PISA 2022, 15-year-olds in score 414 points compared to an average of 472 points in OECD countries.
  • On average, 15-year-olds score 419 points in reading compared to an average of 476 points in OECD countries.
  • In Qatar, the average performance in science of 15-year-olds is 432 points, compared to an average of 485 points in OECD countries.
  • Average 2022 results were about the same as in 2018 in mathematics, and up compared to 2018 in reading and science.
  • PISA 2022 results are among the highest ever measured by PISA in all three subjects. The most recent results continued and consolidated a positive trend, spanning over the entire 2006-2022 period.
  • Over the most recent period (2018 to 2022), the gap between the highest-scoring students (10% with the highest scores) and the weakest students (10% with the lowest scores) narrowed in mathematics, reading and science. In mathematics, low-achievers became stronger; high-achievers became weaker.
  • In Qatar, 44% of students attained at least Level 2 proficiency in mathematics, significantly less than on average across OECD countries (OECD average: 69%). At a minimum, these students can interpret and recognize, without direct instructions, how a simple situation can be represented mathematically.
  • Some 3% of students in Qatar were top performers in mathematics, meaning that they attained Level 5 or 6 in the PISA mathematics test (OECD average: 9%). At these levels, students can model complex situations mathematically, and can select, compare and evaluate appropriate problem-solving strategies for dealing with them.
  • In Qatar, 36% of students (the largest share) were in the top international quintile of the socio-economic scale, meaning that they were among the most advantaged students who took the PISA test in 2022. Their average score in mathematics was 453 score points.
  • Girls outperformed boys in mathematics by 8 score points and in reading by 40 score points in Qatar. Globally, in mathematics, boys outperformed girls in 40 countries and economies, girls outperformed boys in another 17 countries or economies, and no significant difference was found in the remaining 24. In reading, girls, on average, scored above boys in all but two countries and economies that participated in PISA 2022 (79 out of 81).
  • In Qatar, 57% of students reported that their school building was closed for more than three months due to COVID-19. On average across OECD countries, 51% of students experienced similarly long school closures. In education systems where performance remained high and students' sense of belonging improved, fewer students experienced longer school closures.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Student performance in mathematics

    Boys outperform girls in mathematics performance with one of the largest score-point difference. (-8 PISA Score, rank 49/56 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Over the period of participation in PISA, the average decennial rate of change in mean mathematics performance of Qatar was among the highest. (58 PISA Score, rank 1/37 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Student performance in reading

    Over the period of participation in PISA, the average decennial rate of change in mean reading performance of Qatar was among the highest. (59 PISA Score, rank 1/26 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The difference between girls and boys in reading performance is one of the smallest among PISA-participating countries and economies in favour of girls. (-40 PISA Score, rank 71/78 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The change in reading performance between 2015 and 2018 shows one of the strongest increases among PISA-participating countries and economies. (12 PISA Score, rank 4/42 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Student performance in science

    Over the period of participation in PISA, the average decennial rate of change in mean science performance of Qatar was among the highest. (51 PISA Score, rank 1/24 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The difference between girls and boys in science performance is one of the largest among PISA-participating countries and economies in favour of boys. (-21 PISA Score, rank 43/47 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The change in science performance between 2015 and 2018 shows one of the strongest increases among PISA-participating countries and economies. (13 PISA Score, rank 8/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Educational outcomes

    in Qatar, compared to the share of students who did not attended pre-primary school for at least one year, the share of students who did so having repeated a grade at least once in any education level is one of the largest among PISA-participating countries and economies, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (1.01 Ratio, rank 6/70 , 2022) Download Indicator

    School climate

    In Qatar has one of the narrowest difference between advantaged and disadvantaged students who reported that in the two weeks prior to the PISA test they had skipped at least one class or day of school, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (-14 % points, rank 56/61 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The gender difference in students who reported that in the two weeks prior to the PISA test they had skipped at least one class or day of school (boys-girls) is particularly small in Qatar compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (-10.5 % points, rank 47/47 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Classroom environment

    Qatar has one of the largest share of students in schools that group students by abillity for all subjects. (44.8 %, rank 4/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2018 and 2022, the change in the index of shortage of educational material in Qatar was relatively more significant than in other OECD and partner countries/economies. (0.15 PISA Index, rank 4/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Students' engagement, drive and self-beliefs

    The time spent on homework per day in a typical school week in Qatar is long compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (2 Hours, rank 6/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Performance and diversity

    After accounting for socio-economic status, the difference in mathematics performance between non-immigrant and immigrant students is one of the largest among PISA-participating countries and economies, in favour of non-immigrants. (76 PISA Score, rank 1/30 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Qatar, the difference in mathematics performance between immigrant students who speak the language of assessment at home and immigrant students who do not is relatively low compared to the other OECD and partner countries. (-40 PISA Score, rank 17/17 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students with an immigrant backgroung is one of the highest among countries and economies participating in PISA. (59.1 %, rank 2/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Among 15 year-olds, the share of first generation immigrant students in Qatar is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (41.2 %, rank 1/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Among 15 year-olds, the share of second generation immigrant students in Qatar is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.8 %, rank 7/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    Qatar ranked among the countries with the largest difference in mathematics performance associated with principals reporting that the school's capacity to provide instruction is hindered to some extent or a lot by a lack of educational material, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (11 PISA Score points, rank 2/9 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Qatar ranked among the countries with the largest difference in mathematics performance associated with principals reporting that the school's capacity to provide instruction is hindered to some extent or a lot by a lack of physical infrastructure, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (11 PISA Score points, rank 3/17 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The change between 2012 and 2022 in the number of computers per student at schoolin Qatar is small compared to the other OECD and partner countries. (-0.02 Ratio, rank 32/40 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The change between 2018 and 2022 in the number of computers per student at schoolin Qatar is small compared to the other OECD and partner countries. (-0.22 Ratio, rank 30/34 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of students in schools whose principal reported that the use of cell phones is not allowed on the school premises is relatively high in Qatar. (67.8 %, rank 10/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The share of teachers working part time in schools attended by 15-year-olds is one of the smallest among countries and economies participating in PISA 2018. (0.3 %, rank 78/80 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Before accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile, Qatar has one of the smallest differences in mathematics performance per 10 percentage-points increase in the share of teachers fully certified by the appropriate authority. (-3 PISA Score points, rank 23/28 , 2022) Download Indicator

    After accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile, Qatar has one of the smallest differences in mathematics performance per 10 percentage-points increase in the share of teachers fully certified by the appropriate authority. (-1 PISA Score points, rank 13/18 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2012 and 2022, Qatar recorded a particularly significant change in the percentage of teachers fully certified by the appropriate authority, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (15.9 %, rank 2/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2018 and 2022, Qatar recorded a particularly small change in the percentage of teachers working full time in schools attended by 15-years-olds, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (-0.2 %, rank 19/27 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2018 and 2022, Qatar recorded a particularly significant change in the percentage of teachers working part time in schools attended by 15-years-olds, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (0.2 %, rank 9/27 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Teachers' engagement, motivation and drive

    Qatar has one of the highest levels of preparedness for digital learning among OECD and partner countries/economies. (1.18 Ratio, rank 1/70 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Governance

    The percentage of students attending government or public schools is one of the lowest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (52.8 %, rank 71/78 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students attending government-independent private schools is one of the highest among PISA-participating countries and economies. (45.5 %, rank 2/78 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Between 2018 and 2022, Qatar recorded a particularly small change in the share of 15-year-old students attending government or public schools, compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (-4.5 %, rank 11/15 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Qatar, compared to attending a public school, the difference in mathematics performance associated with attendance at private schools is among the largest of the OECD and partner countries/economies, before accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (77 PISA Score points, rank 4/48 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Qatar, compared to attending a public school, the difference in mathematics performance associated with attendance at private schools is among the largest of the OECD and partner countries/economies, after accounting for students' and schools' socio-economic profile. (31 PISA Score points, rank 4/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Qatar has a relatively small difference in the index of preparedness for digital learning between private and public schools. (-0.28 PISA Index, rank 28/29 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Qatar, the educational leadership is particularly developed compared to the other OECD and partner countries/economies. (0.89 PISA Index, rank 5/75 , 2022) Download Indicator

    COVID-19 effects on education

    In Qatar, the schools were relatively well prepared for remote instruction before the pandemic, compared to other OECD and partner countries/economies. (0.84 PISA Index, rank 2/77 , 2022) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
    
    • Singapore scored significantly higher than all other countries/economies in mathematics (575 points) and, along with Hong Kong (China), Japan, Korea, Macao (China), and Chinese Taipei, outperformed all other countries and economies in mathematics. Another 17 countries also performed above the OECD average (472 points), ranging from Estonia (510 points) to New Zealand (479 points).
    • Boys outperformed girls in mathematics by nine score points and girls outperformed boys in reading by 24 score points on average across OECD countries. In science, the performance difference between boys and girls is not significant.
    • An average of 69% of students are at least basically proficient in mathematics in OECD countries. This means they are beginning to demonstrate the ability and initiative to use mathematics in simple real-life situations.
    • In 16 out of 81 countries/economies participating in PISA 2022, more than 10% of students attained Level 5 or 6 proficiency, meaning they are high-performing: they understand that a problem is quantitative in nature and can formulate complex mathematical models to solve it. By contrast, less than 5% of students are high-performing in 42 countries/economies.
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    • Singapore scored significantly higher than all other countries/economies in reading (543 points) and science (561 points). Behind Singapore, Ireland performed as well as Estonia, Japan, Korea and Chinese Taipei while another 14 education systems performed above the OECD average in reading (476 points), ranging from Macao (China) (510 points) to Italy (482 points).
    • About three out of four students have achieved basic proficiency in reading in OECD countries.
    • In reading, an OECD average of 7% of students attained the highest proficiency levels of 5 or 6. In 13 countries/economies, more than 10% of students are top performers in reading.
    • No change in the OECD average over consecutive PISA assessments up to 2018 has ever exceeded five points in reading: in PISA 2022, however, the OECD average dropped by about 10 score points in reading compared to PISA 2018.. The unprecedented drops reading point to the shock effect of COVID-19 on most countries.
    • Only four countries and economies improved their performance between PISA 2018 and 2022 in all three subjects: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, the Dominican Republic and Chinese Taipei.
    • Trend analysis of PISA results reveals a decades-long decline that began well before the pandemic. In reading, performances peaked in 2012 and 2009, respectively, before dipping while performance began a downward descent in mathematics before 2018 in Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Slovak Republic and Switzerland.
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    • Mean performance in science remained stable.
    • In science, the highest-performing education systems are Singapore, Japan, Macao (China), Chinese Taipei, Korea, Estonia, Hong Kong (China) and Canada. Finland performed as well as Canada in science. In addition to these nine countries and economies, another 15 education systems also performed above the OECD average in science (485 points), ranging from Australia (507 points) to Belgium (491 points).
    • About three out of four students have achieved basic proficiency science in OECD countries.
    • In science, an OECD average of 7% of students attained the highest proficiency levels of 5 or 6. In 14 countries/economies, more than 10% of students are top performers in science.
    • Only four countries and economies improved their performance between PISA 2018 and 2022 in all three subjects: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, the Dominican Republic and Chinese Taipei.
    • Trend analysis of PISA results reveals a decades-long decline that began well before the pandemic. In science, performances peaked in 2012 and 2009, respectively, before dipping. while performance began a downward descent in mathematics before 2018 in Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Korea, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Slovak Republic and Switzerland.
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    • Socio-economically advantaged students scored 93 points more in mathematics than disadvantaged students on average across OECD countries. The performance gap attributed to students' socio-economic status is greater than 93 score points in 22 countries or economies and 50 points or fewer in 13 countries or economies.
    • Boys outperformed girls in mathematics by nine score points and girls outperformed boys in reading by 24 score points on average across OECD countries. In science, the performance difference between boys and girls is not significant.
    • Non-immigrant students scored 29 points more than immigrant students in mathematics on average across OECD countries but non-immigrant students scored only five points more than immigrant students once socio-economic status and language spoken at home had been accounted for.
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    • Between 2018 and 2022 trends in students' sense of belonging at school were mixed, with equal proportions of countries/economies showing stable, improving or deteriorating trends. Of the 47 education systems with improving or stable trends, only 20 maintained or attained a level of students' sense of belonging at school that was at or above the OECD average. 
    • Around 10% of students reported feeling unsafe on their way to or from school, or in places outside of the classroom, on average across OECD countries. Some 20% of students reported that they are bullied at least a few times a month.
    • Overall, students felt more confident about using digital technology for learning remotely during future school closures than they felt about taking responsibility for their own learning. For instance, on average across OECD countries, about three out of four students reported that they feel confident or very confident about using a learning-management system, a school learning platform or a video communication program, as well as about finding learning resources online on their own.
    • Students' experience with learning at home was more positive in systems that were better prepared for remote learning. However, when learning remotely, 40% of all students reported feeling lonely and 50% of all students reported feeling anxious about schoolwork and that they fell behind in their studies; and three in ten students reported that teachers were not available when needed, on average across OECD countries. 
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Qatar

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Qatar

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Data for the latest available year is preferred and some countries may have provided data refering to a more recent or late year. To know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.