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Latvia
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In Latvia, men are more likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 56% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Latvia, 55% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 34% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, Latvia invested a total of USD 7 076 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4.1% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 93% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Latvia, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 32/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7 %, rank 42/44 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Latvia has one of the largest share of women among 55-64 year-olds with a vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education. (52.9 %, rank 3/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The percentage of students in public tertiary educational institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.1 %, rank 43/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students in government-dependent private tertiary educational institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.3 %, rank 3/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in school- and work-based programmes among all upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (100 %, rank 1/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Latvia, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme before the age of 35 ranks as one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 27/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Latvia has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctoral or an equivalent education before the age of 30. (0.2 %, rank 24/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    In Latvia, the share of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at post-secondary non-tertiary level is comparatively important . (100 %, rank 1/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    Among OECD and partner countries with available data, Latvia has one of the largest shares of women graduates from tertiary programmes. (65 %, rank 2/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (59.4 %, rank 3/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Latvia is relatively high. (68.4 %, rank 5/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of education is relatively low in Latvia. (1.6 %, rank 43/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by age

    The share of tertiary graduates younger than 30-years-old is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (69.1 %, rank 28/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the average age of first-time tertiary graduates is relatively high. (28.5 Years, rank 1/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of first-time short-cycle tertiary graduates younger than 30 is relatively low. (49.8 %, rank 24/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Latvia is relatively small. (6 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Latvia is relatively large. (25.4 %, rank 2/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27.6 %, rank 4/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all national tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (7.3 %, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all national tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (2.9 %, rank 30/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia,the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics ans statistics is relatively small. (45.8 %, rank 30/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (60 %, rank 31/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of male among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (26.8 %, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of new entrants in short-cycle tertiary programmes in the field of arts and humanities is relatively small. (1 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Latvia, the proportion of new international entrants in master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (43.6 %, rank 1/22 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of international graduates among first-time doctorate graduates is relatively low. (7.5 %, rank 25/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of education among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (2.6 %, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (5.5 %, rank 30/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively high. (33.4 %, rank 5/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all international or foreign tertiary students in Latvia is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 32/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult learning

    The annual training costs per participant are one of the lowest across OECD countries and partner countries. (735.8 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Latvia. (657.4 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of over 249 employed persons, the annual training costs per participant are relatively low in Latvia. (757.9 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low compared to other OECD countries and partner countries. (0.8 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of 10-49 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 23/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In enterprises of ver 249 employed persons, the annual training costs as a share of total labour costs is relatively low. (1 %, rank 24/25 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7500 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (7358 USD Equivalent, rank 25/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (122 USD Equivalent, rank 24/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary educational services on primary to tertiary education in Latvia is comparatively low. (126 USD Equivalent, rank 22/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Latvia, expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (1.4 %, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, total expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to 2010. (87 Index, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for tertiary education is low compared to 2015. (80 Index, rank 28/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP for primary to tertiary education is low compared to 2015. (85 Index, rank 30/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, international expenditure as a percentage of GDP on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively high. (0.1 %, rank 3/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on primary to tertiary education is high. (0 USD Equivalent, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, international expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds on tertiary education is relatively large . (0.3 %, rank 2/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Latvia, total public expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (3.6 %, rank 37/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small. (76 Index, rank 35/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, international expenditure from initial source of funds on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (3 %, rank 5/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on primary to tertiary education from initial source of funds is relatively large in Latvia. (9.2 %, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total public expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small in Latvia. (85 Index, rank 36/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The relative share of international expenditure on tertiary education from initial source of funds in Latvia is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.2 %, rank 2/29 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Nature of expenditure

    In Latvia, the share of capital expenditure on primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16.9 %, rank 2/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of current expenditure on primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (83.1 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively in Latvia. (17.4 %, rank 1/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of current expenditure on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (82.6 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of capital expenditure for primary to tertiary education in Latvia is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.3 %, rank 1/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of current expenditure for primary to tertiary education in Latvia is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (82.7 %, rank 31/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Latvia. (17.7 %, rank 1/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Latvia. (82.3 %, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of capital expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high . (19.9 %, rank 1/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of current expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (80.1 %, rank 17/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of capital expenditure on tertiary education is relatively in Latvia. (17.2 %, rank 5/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in primary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 29/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 28/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in upper secondary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 28/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (84.4 %, rank 1/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in upper secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (80.6 %, rank 1/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.5 %, rank 3/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (65.3 %, rank 3/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education (bachelor's, master's, doctorate or equivalent education) is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (52.7 %, rank 3/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (54.6 %, rank 3/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (83.8 %, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (41.9 %, rank 32/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (41.9 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in general upper secondary education in Latvia is relatively large. (83.8 %, rank 1/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of women among teaching staff in vocational upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (73.3 %, rank 1/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in lower secondary education is especially high in Latvia. (85 %, rank 1/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in upper secondary education is especially high in Latvia. (82.8 %, rank 1/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers aged 50 or more in tertiary education is especially high in Latvia. (52.9 %, rank 3/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.07 Ratio, rank 4/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.35 Ratio, rank 2/25 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21089 USD Equivalent, rank 22/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27047 USD Equivalent, rank 24/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26678 USD Equivalent, rank 24/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29209 USD Equivalent, rank 23/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary female teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year women workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.53 Ratio, rank 2/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary male teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year men workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.18 Ratio, rank 2/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary of 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (27548 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26625 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in Latvia. (1.41 Ratio, rank 2/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in Latvia. (1.55 Ratio, rank 1/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (27179 USD Equivalent, rank 19/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia. (27152 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia. (26652 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Latvia. (26256 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (15933 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15933 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15933 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15933 USD Equivalent, rank 26/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in Latvia. (1.66 Ratio, rank 5/22 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average pre-primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (31951 USD Equivalent, rank 18/18 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest in Latvia relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (32583 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32767 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (39595 USD Equivalent, rank 20/22 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary school heads is relatively low compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (34851 USD Equivalent, rank 16/17 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Latvia. (32820 USD Equivalent, rank 20/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Latvia. (32477 USD Equivalent, rank 21/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the lowest in Latvia. (32873 USD Equivalent, rank 21/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary men school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Latvia. (35035 USD Equivalent, rank 21/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of lower secondary women school heads aged 25 to 64 is one of the lowest in Latvia. (32425 USD Equivalent, rank 21/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    In Latvia, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.9 Ratio, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level in private institutions is especially low in Latvia. (6.5 Ratio, rank 35/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The number of instruction days per year for primary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (169 Days, rank 35/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average hours per year dedicated to compulsory instruction time for primary students in Latvia is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (599 Hours, rank 35/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, total compulsory instruction time for primary and lower secondary students is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5961 Hours, rank 35/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students is relatively short. (2365 Hours, rank 34/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the average compulsory instruction time, in hours per year, for lower secondary students is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (788 Hours, rank 34/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Class size

    Classes in public primary institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (17 Students, rank 33/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (10 Students, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (16 Students, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Latvia. (15 Students, rank 29/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In independent private institutions at primary education level, classes are one of the smallest in Latvia among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10 Students, rank 19/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, classes in primary education are comparatively small. (17 Students, rank 29/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In independent private institutions at lower secondary level, classes are one of the smallest in Latvia among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15 Students, rank 16/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, classes in lower secondary education are comparatively small. (16 Students, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (96 %, rank 4/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is low in Latvia. (20.7 %, rank 39/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (91 Index, rank 2/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Master's, doctoral or equivalent education degree are comparatively low. (151 Index, rank 29/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (52.2 %, rank 4/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively high compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (91 Index, rank 4/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training (15-19 year-olds) in Latvia is relatively low. (2.6 %, rank 37/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who believe they have a say in government is among the lowest across OECD and partner countries. (15.2 %, rank 26/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of adults who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (15.9 %, rank 27/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of adults without an upper secondary education who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does relatively is low. (10.2 %, rank 23/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the proportion of adults with a tertiary education who reported that the political system allows people like them to have a say in what the government does relatively is low. (20.7 %, rank 26/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    The share of female students entering short-cycle tertiary programmes in Latvia is comparatively large. (64.4 %, rank 4/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    The share of new entrants younger than 25 in bachelor's or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (74.1 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Latvia, the share of first-time entrants into bachelor's or equivalent programmes before the age of 25 is relatively low. (74.1 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
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    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
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    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
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    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
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    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Latvia

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Latvia

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.