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Data profiles:



Brazil
Teachers and teaching conditions, lower and upper secondary education (TALIS 2018)
  • Teaching was the first-choice career for 65% of teachers in Brazil and for 67% in OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS. In terms of why they joined the profession, at least 95% of teachers in Brazil cite the opportunity to influence children's development or contribute to society as a major motivation.
  • About one out of four of teachers (23%) in Brazil are aged 50 and above (OECD average 34%). This means that Brazil will have to renew about one out of four members of its teaching workforce over the next decade or so.
  • In terms of classroom environments, relations between students and teachers are positive overall, with 94% of teachers in Brazil agreeing that students and teachers usually get on well with each other. However, 28% of principals report regular acts of intimidation or bullying among their students, which is higher than the OECD average (14%).
  • In Brazil, 1% of teachers work in schools where at least 10% of the students have a migrant background (OECD average 17%). At the same time, 97% of school leaders report that their teachers believe that children and young people should learn that people of different cultures have a lot in common (OECD average 95%).
  • In Brazil, 11% of teachers "agree" or "strongly agree" with the statement that their profession is valued in society, which is lower than the average across OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS. (26%). In Brazil, between 2013 and 2018, the percentage of teachers reporting that the teaching profession is valued in society has remained stable.
  • In Brazil, 14% of teachers report experiencing stress in their work "a lot", which is lower than the OECD average (18%).
  • 27% of teachers report participating in collaborative professional learning at least once a month (OECD average 21%) and 20% engage in team teaching with the same frequency (OECD average 28%).
  • In Brazil, 9% of teachers report that they had never received feedback in their schools (OECD average 10%). The forms of feedback most commonly used in Brazil are based on school-based and classroom-based results, observation of the teacher's classroom teaching and external results of students the teacher teaches.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    School climate

    In Brazil, a small number of teachers 'agree' or 'strongly agree' that teachers and students usually get on well with each other. (93.5 %, rank 46/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    Brazil shows one of the strongest increases in the share of teachers aged 50 and above between 2013 and 2018, compared to other countries participating in the TALIS survey. (7.4 % points, rank 3/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In upper secondary education, the total number of years working in other non-educational roles in Brazil is one of the longest among all OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.4 Years, rank 2/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the difference in the share of female teachers is one of the largest in upper secondary compared to lower secondary education. (-10.7 % points, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male teachers in upper secondary level who teaches STEM is one of the highest in Brazil among all OECD and partner countries with available data. (38.2 %, rank 2/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of female teachers who teaches VET at upper secondary level is relatively low. (5.9 %, rank 12/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of male teachers who teaches VET at upper secondary level is relatively low in Brazil. (10 %, rank 11/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Who the principals are

    Compared to other TALIS countries, a larger proportion of principals in Brazil are female. (76.5 %, rank 2/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Principals in Brazil are on average younger than principals in most other TALIS countries. (46.5 Years, rank 46/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female principals in upper secondary education is one of the highest in Brazil among all OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.2 %, rank 1/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Initial and induction training of teachers

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers who were instructed on subject content, pedagogy and classroom practice is especially high in Brazil. (81.5 %, rank 4/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary teachers who participated in some kind of induction at their current school is one of the lowest in Brazil among all OECD and partner countries with available data. (41.2 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A small share of upper secondary teachers teach reading with training in the subject in Brazil. (76.7 %, rank 9/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers teaching mathematics with training in the subject is especially low in Brazil. (72.3 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In upper secondary education, the percentage of teachers teaching science with training in the subject is especially low in Brazil. (72.2 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A small share of upper secondary teachers teach social sciences with training in the subject in Brazil. (73 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Professional development of teachers

    Relative to most TALIS countries, a smaller proportion of teachers report having undertaken professional development in the 12 months prior to the survey. (87.1 %, rank 47/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of upper secondary teachers who attended at least one professional development activity in the last year is especially low. (87 %, rank 12/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of principals in upper secondary education who attended at least one professional development activity in the last year is especially small in Brazil. (98.1 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Professional development of principals

    Among TALIS countries, Brazil has a lower proportion of principals who participated in at least one professional development activity in the 12 months prior to the survey. (94.5 %, rank 48/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' practices

    In Brazil, class-time spent on administrative tasks (such as marking attendance) is longer. (11.3 %, rank 4/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to other TALIS countries, class-time spent on classroom management is longer. (18.8 %, rank 3/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Class-time spent on actual teaching and learning tasks is shorter in Brazil. (67.4 %, rank 48/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of teachers report to 'frequently' or 'always' give tasks that require students to think critically. (84.2 %, rank 2/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of teachers report to 'frequently' or 'always' tell students to follow classroom rules. (90.4 %, rank 4/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of teachers report to 'frequently' or 'always' tell students to listen to what they say. (91.1 %, rank 3/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of teachers report to 'frequently' or 'always' calm students who are disruptive. (87 %, rank 1/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of teachers report to 'frequently' or 'always' refer to a problem from everyday life or work to demonstrate why new knowledge is useful. (91.3 %, rank 4/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of teachers report to 'frequently' or 'always' administer their own assessment. (94.1 %, rank 4/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Principals' practices

    Principals report spending shorter time on administrative and leadership tasks and meetings. (38.5 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Principals report spending shorter time on administrative tasks and meetings. (20.9 %, rank 46/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' autonomy, collegiality and collaboration

    In Brazil, the percentage of upper secondary teachers who report engaging in discussion about the learning development of specific students at least once a month is relatively small. (38.8 %, rank 9/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    ICT for teaching

    Compared to other TALIS countries, a larger proportion of school leaders report a shortage or inadequacy of digital technology for instruction. (59 %, rank 5/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A small share of upper secondary teachers report that they frequently or always let students use ICT for projects or class work in Brazil. (50.6 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of upper secondary teachers who report a high need for professional development in using ICT for teaching is relatively . (26.8 %, rank 2/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    A large proportion of upper secondary principals report that the delivery of quality instruction is hindered by a shortage of teachers with competencies in teaching students with special needs in Brazil. (58 %, rank 2/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teaching students with special needs

    A larger proportion of teachers report a high level of need to develop their skills to teach students with special needs. (58.4 %, rank 1/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    More school leaders in Brazil report a shortage of teachers with competence in teaching students with special needs. (59.6 %, rank 4/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teaching in multicultural settings

    More teachers report a high level of need for professional development in student behaviour and classroom management. (44 %, rank 3/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teaching in vocational education and training

    In Brazil, the percentage of upper secondary teachers in VET schools who reported that their initial training included all the areas of content, pedagogy and classroom practice is especially high . (78.4 %, rank 3/11 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of upper secondary teachers in non-VET schools who reported that their initial training included all the areas of content, pedagogy and classroom practice is especially high . (82.2 %, rank 3/11 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of VET teachers in upper secondary education who report that they frequently or always ask students to decide on their own procedures for solving complex tasks is relatively low in Brazil. (45.4 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of non-VET teachers in upper secondary education who report that they frequently or always ask students to decide on their own procedures for solving complex tasks is relatively small in Brazil. (41.2 %, rank 9/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classroom management

    A higher proportion of teachers "agree" or "strongly agree" loosing quite a lot of time due to students interrupting the lesson. (50.1 %, rank 1/50 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' self-efficacy

    A larger proportion of teachers believe that they can help their students to think critically. (95.6 %, rank 3/49 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' satisfaction with their jobs

    In Brazil, there is a small share of upper secondary teachers who think that the teaching profession is valued by society. (11.1 %, rank 10/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers who report being satisfied with their job is especially low in Brazil. (85.4 %, rank 12/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary teachers who report that they are satisfied with their salary is one of the smallest in Brazil among all OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.2 %, rank 11/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of upper secondary teachers who report being satisfied with the terms of their teaching contract apart from salary is relatively small. (47.2 %, rank 11/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of teachers who report being satisfied with the terms of their teaching contract, apart from salary is higher in upper secondary compared to lower secondary level. (-5.4 % points, rank 5/5 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In upper secondary education, the share of teachers reporting there is a collaborative culture characterised by mutual support is smaller in Brazil compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (74.2 %, rank 9/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers’ working conditions, mobility and risk of attrition

    In Brazil, the proportion of teachers who have a permanent contract in upper secondary education is one of the smallest among all OECD and partner countries with available data. (77.9 %, rank 9/12 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, there is a small share of full-time teachers in upper secondary level. (46 %, rank 12/12 , 2018) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • Across OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, teachers are 44 years old and principals are 52 years old, on average. Furthermore, 20% of principals across the OECD are aged 60 and above.
    • In the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, 47% of principals are women, compared to 68% of teachers.
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    • In OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, 65% of teachers report frequently calming students who are disruptive and 84% report frequently explaining how new and old topics are related.
    • During a typical lesson, teachers spend 78% of classroom time on actual teaching and learning, on average in the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS.
    • In the past five to ten years, classroom time spent on actual teaching and learning has decreased in about half of the countries and economies participating in TALIS.
    • 84% of teachers report having control over determining course content in their class, on average across in OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS.
    • 81% of teachers say that they work in a collaborative school culture characterised by mutual support, on average in OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS. Furthermore, 59% of principals took actions on a regular basis to support co-operation among teachers to develop new teaching practices in the 12 months prior to the survey.
    • On average in OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, only 21% of teachers report participating in collaborative professional learning at least once a month and 28% engage in team-teaching with the same frequency.
    • About half of teachers in the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS "frequently" or "always" let students use ICT for projects or class work, but 25% of school principals report that delivery of quality instruction in their school is hindered by a shortage or inadequacy of digital technology for instruction.
    • In the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, 27% of teachers work in classes with at least 10% of students with special needs (i.e. those for whom a special learning need has been formally identified because they are mentally, physically, or emotionally disadvantaged). But, 32% of school principals report that delivery of quality instruction in their school is hindered by a shortage of teachers with competence in teaching students with special needs.
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    • During their initial education and training, 79% of teachers in the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS were instructed on subject content, pedagogy and classroom. Only 42% of teachers report having participated in some kind of formal or informal induction when they joined their current school.
    • In the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, taking part in some kind of in-service training is commonplace among teachers and principals, with 94% of teachers and 99% of principals attending at least one professional development activity in the year prior to the survey.
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    • Across OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, 26% of teachers "agree" or "strongly agree" with the statement that their profession is valued in society. Between 2013 and 2018, the percentage of teachers reporting that the profession is valued in society has increased in almost half of the countries and economies with available data.
    • Nine out of ten teachers and 95% of school leaders report that, all in all, they are satisfied with their job, on average in OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS.
    • 39% of teachers and 47% of school leaders report being satisfied with their salaries, on average in OECD countries and economies.
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    • Across OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS, 82% of teachers have a permanent contract while 12% of teacher are employed on contracts of one year or less.
    • 18% of teachers report experiencing stress in their work "a lot", on average in OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS. 49% of teachers report that having too much administrative work is a source of stress they experience at work "quite a bit" or "a lot".
    • A quarter of teachers report that they would like to leave teaching within the next five years, on average across the OECD countries and economies participating in TALIS. Furthermore, 14% of teachers age 50 or would like to leave teaching in the next five years.
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    • Only 10% of teachers report that they have never received feedback in their schools. On average across the OECD, the forms of feedback most commonly used are based on classroom observations and students' school-based and classroom-based results.
    • 71% of teachers who received feedback in the 12 months prior to the survey report that it had a positive impact on their teaching practice. In all countries and economies participating in TALIS, teachers who report receiving feedback based on multiple methods are more likely to find that the feedback they received had a positive impact on their teaching.
    • The proportion of teachers who work in schools where appraisal can result in a salary increase or financial bonus is 55% in schools where school management has responsibility over salaries. In schools where school management does not have responsibility over salaries, the proportion is only 30%.
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    • The proportion of female teachers represents over three quarters of the primary teaching force (TALIS average 78%), which is higher than the proportion in lower secondary education of 63%.
    • Less than half of teachers (46% on average) cited receiving formal training in facilitating transitions from early childhood education to primary education. However, a slightly smaller share of teachers (38%) said they felt well or very well prepared in this area.
    • Thirty-seven percent (37%) of teachers report modifying lessons for students with special needs is a source of stress "quite a bit" or "a lot" in primary in contrast to 29% in lower secondary.
    • Teachers in upper secondary education reported being involved in fewer collaborative activities than their peers in lower secondary education. Teaching jointly as a team in the same class shows significant decreases among teachers in upper secondary (5 percentage points difference).
    • Almost a quarter of teachers (23%) in upper secondary education stated they would like to leave teaching in the next five years. Teachers satisfied with their salaries and terms of employment, and who consider the school provides opportunities to engage in discussion and has a collaborative culture are less likely to state they will leave teaching.
    Visualisations
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Brazil

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Brazil

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.