Explore the OECD's reports or draw from a wide variety of education indicators and data to construct your own, customised country reports, highlighting the facts, developments and outcomes of your choice.

Country

Data profiles:



Brazil
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In Brazil, men are less likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 44% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Brazil, 27% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 20% of their male peers.
  • In 2019, 86% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Brazil, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Profile View

    Select first some countries to compare, choose the charts you wish to display and customise them.

    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Attainment

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.5 %, rank 41/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Brazil has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.7 %, rank 41/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 34/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (48.9 %, rank 2/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.5 %, rank 42/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Brazil is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.5 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.4 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students in independent private tertiary educational institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (73.8 %, rank 3/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.9 %, rank 39/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 20-24-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.4 %, rank 38/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in programmes providing full completion and access to tertiary education among all students enrolled in upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (100 %, rank 1/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Brazil, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from upper secondary education before turning 25 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (65.1 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.6 %, rank 35/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of bachelor's or equivalent graduates in public institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.1 %, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at post-secondary non-tertiary level is comparatively important . (100 %, rank 1/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary general programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (54.4 %, rank 4/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (56 %, rank 3/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (43.7 %, rank 3/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of female tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6 %, rank 42/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of education is relatively high in Brazil. (12 %, rank 4/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of male tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is relatively small. (3.8 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of male tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is relatively small. (3.7 %, rank 42/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics is relatively low in Brazil. (30 %, rank 35/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The proportion of female tertiary graduates in the humanities and arts is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (3.4 %, rank 40/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.6 %, rank 40/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 %, rank 43/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.2 %, rank 42/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Brazil is relatively large. (16.9 %, rank 4/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.7 %, rank 30/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of services is relatively low. (7.2 %, rank 20/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all national tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (2.8 %, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all national tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (5.4 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all national tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (1.9 %, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Brazil has one of the smallest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 41/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.3 %, rank 38/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.1 %, rank 35/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.7 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of business, administration and law is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.1 %, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (1 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.2 %, rank 35/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of services is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.2 %, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 %, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    At primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level, the public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student is comparatively low in Brazil. (3748 USD Equivalent, rank 34/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is relatively low in Brazil. (4448 USD Equivalent, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    Compared to 2011, GDP is comparatively low. (97 Index, rank 45/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Brazil, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (14.3 %, rank 3/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Brazil compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.6 %, rank 5/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total public expenditure from initial source of funds for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small in Brazil. (94 Index, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Compared to 2015, the share of total government expenditure is comparatively low in Brazil. (94 Index, rank 43/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially high. (66 %, rank 3/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (22.8 %, rank 32/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (23.7 %, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (22.7 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Females under 30 represent a small proportion of teachers in upper secondary education in Brazil. (53.4 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25030 USD Equivalent, rank 19/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25366 USD Equivalent, rank 26/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25740 USD Equivalent, rank 25/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26724 USD Equivalent, rank 26/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary of 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25888 USD Equivalent, rank 22/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25425 USD Equivalent, rank 22/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (20077 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (24140 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (29191 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (30556 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (13983 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13983 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13983 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13983 USD Equivalent, rank 29/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.7 Ratio, rank 3/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (23.9 Ratio, rank 3/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.9 Ratio, rank 3/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Brazil. (3 Ratio, rank 21/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25.1 Ratio, rank 2/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of students per teacher in public lower secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26 Ratio, rank 3/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level in private institutions is especially high in Brazil. (19.5 Ratio, rank 4/39 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of students per teacher in public upper secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.9 Ratio, rank 3/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of students per teacher in all public secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25.1 Ratio, rank 3/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of students per teacher in all private secondary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.7 Ratio, rank 4/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Class size

    In independent private institutions at lower secondary level, classes are one of the largest in Brazil among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23 Students, rank 4/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (87.1 %, rank 33/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (68.2 %, rank 36/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (57.1 %, rank 39/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (68.2 %, rank 40/43 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (62 Index, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite high. (244 Index, rank 1/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is high. (231 Index, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (242 Index, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is high. (241 Index, rank 2/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full and part-time workers with tertiary education are comparatively high. (249 Index, rank 1/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (26.2 %, rank 21/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (56.9 %, rank 24/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (30.3 %, rank 26/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (64 Index, rank 36/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (68 Index, rank 36/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (69.1 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (65.2 %, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (65.3 %, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of youth neither employed nor in education or training (15-19 year-olds) in Brazil is relatively high. (19.6 %, rank 2/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of youth neither employed nor in education or training among 15-29 year-olds in Brazil is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29.3 %, rank 3/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of young men who are neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is comparatively large. (17.7 %, rank 2/38 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of women neither employed nor in education or training among 15-19 year-olds is relatively high . (21.6 %, rank 2/37 , 2020) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    
                            
    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Brazil

    Click on the coverpage to see the full OECD iLibrary version
    Key
    Country Reviews for Brazil

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.