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Diagram of the education system

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  • Diagram of education system in country language


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  • Education system in Brazil

    Brazil
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2020)
  • On average, 11% of all upper secondary students enrol in VET programmes in Brazil, a lower proportion than the OECD average of 42%.
  • In 2018, 21% of 25-34 year-olds had a tertiary degree in Brazil compared to 45% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Brazil, in 2015, 25-64 year-olds with a tertiary degree with income from full-time, full-year employment earned 144% more than full-time, full-year workers with upper secondary education compared to 54% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2018, 85% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Brazil, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Educational outcomes

    Brazil has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.8 %, rank 40/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 33/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.1 %, rank 35/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.2 %, rank 1/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (27.7 Years, rank 18/23 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Brazil is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (19.1 Years, rank 10/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Brazil has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old men whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.8 %, rank 41/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Brazil has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.8 %, rank 39/43 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Brazil is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69.4 %, rank 37/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.5 %, rank 39/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Brazil is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.6 %, rank 10/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.3 %, rank 37/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 20-24-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.2 %, rank 35/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of students enrolled in programmes providing full completion and access to tertiary education among all students enrolled in upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (100 %, rank 1/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    In Brazil, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from upper secondary education before turning 25 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (63.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (57.8 %, rank 3/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (44.7 %, rank 3/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 41/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5 %, rank 42/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32.5 %, rank 7/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2 %, rank 41/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Brazil is relatively small. (15.2 %, rank 36/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26.9 %, rank 9/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16 %, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.8 %, rank 34/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all national tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (2.5 %, rank 35/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all national tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (5.3 %, rank 34/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics among all national tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (1.8 %, rank 34/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Brazil has one of the smallest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 41/45 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled abroad in Brazil is relatively low. (0.8 %, rank 41/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 37/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.3 %, rank 37/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities among all international or foreign tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 28/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (8 %, rank 26/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law among all international or foreign tertiary students in Brazil is relatively low. (17.2 %, rank 25/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of engineering, manunfacturing and construction among all international or foreign tertiary students in Brazil is relatively high. (20.5 %, rank 7/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.1 %, rank 33/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.7 %, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of business, administration and law is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.1 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.9 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.2 %, rank 33/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of services is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.3 %, rank 30/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.6 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    Compared to 2015, total governement expenditure is relatively low. (98 Index, rank 41/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Brazil, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (5.1 %, rank 7/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Brazil, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (14.6 %, rank 4/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Brazil compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.6 %, rank 5/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (200 Days, rank 3/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.9 %, rank 32/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (47.2 %, rank 15/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44.6 %, rank 20/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially high. (66.9 %, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially high. (65.2 %, rank 3/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially high. (65.7 %, rank 3/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (23.5 %, rank 31/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24765 USD Equivalent, rank 19/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25005 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25272 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25966 USD Equivalent, rank 28/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (19837 USD Equivalent, rank 22/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (30405 USD Equivalent, rank 23/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (13631 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13631 USD Equivalent, rank 36/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13631 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13631 USD Equivalent, rank 29/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.8 Ratio, rank 4/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.3 Ratio, rank 6/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (23.9 Ratio, rank 2/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.4 Ratio, rank 5/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Brazil. (3.4 Ratio, rank 20/20 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high in Brazil. (25 Ratio, rank 4/19 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively large in Brazil. (28 Students, rank 6/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively large in Brazil. (24 Students, rank 6/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (83.7 %, rank 39/41 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (90.6 %, rank 27/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (74.5 %, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 45-54 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (74.5 %, rank 39/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the largest in Brazil, compared to other OECD countries. (32.9 %, rank 9/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Brazil, compared to other OECD countries. (22.9 %, rank 28/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Brazil, compared to OECD countries. (47.2 %, rank 5/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-34 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (12.8 %, rank 5/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively Brazil. (16.4 %, rank 29/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (56.9 %, rank 23/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (30.3 %, rank 25/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (64 Index, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (68 Index, rank 34/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (68 Index, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite high. (244 Index, rank 1/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (69.1 %, rank 32/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (65.2 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (65.3 %, rank 37/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full and part-time workers with tertiary education are comparatively high. (249 Index, rank 1/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    (18.7 %, rank 2/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (15.9 %, rank 2/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    (21.6 %, rank 2/37 , 2018) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
                            
    • While 37% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are in vocational programmes, the share increases to 61% among students over 25.
    • The most popular fields of study among vocational graduates vary at different levels of education. While engineering, manufacturing and construction is the most common broad field at upper secondary level, at short-cycle tertiary level, most students graduate from business, administration and law, or health and welfare.
    • Combined school and work-based learning can help students transition smootly into the labor market. However, only one -third of all upper secondary vocational students are enrolled in school and work-based programmes on average across OECD countries.
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    • Between the age of 3 to 5, 88% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • The estimated expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in ECEC and primary education amounts to an average of 0.6% of GDP. Only in Iceland and Norway does it equal or exceed 1.0%.
    • The ECEC workforce is at the heart of high-quality education. On average across OECD countries, there are 14 children for every teacher working in pre-primary education (ISCED 02).
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    • In 2019, 45% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 28% among 55-64 year-olds, on average across OECD countries.
    • On average across OECD countries, 17% of first-time tertiary entrants enter short-cycle tertiary programmes. The employment rate of adults with a short-cycle tertiary degree is 4 percentage points higher than those with an upper secondary vocational attainment and they earn 16% more, on average across OECD countries.
    • Based on current patterns, it is estimated that 38% of young adults across OECD countries will graduate from tertiary education for the first time before the age of 30 (excluding international students).
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    • In 2017, total expenditure amounted to approximately USD 9 100 per student in primary institutions and USD 10 500 in secondary institutions on average across OECD countries.
    • After increasing between 2005 and 2012, total expenditure on primary to tertiary institutions as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) has fallen to 4.9% in 2017 on average, below its 2005 value of 5.1%. This is due to educational expenditure rising more slowly than GDP over this period, growing by 17% while GDP grew by 27%.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
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    • There are relatively few young teachers (under the age of 30), and the proportion decreases with the level of education. Young teachers make up 12% of the teaching population in primary education, 10% in lower secondary education and 8% in upper secondary education, on average across OECD countries.
    • While instruction time for students increases at higher educational levels, statutory teaching time in public institutions decreases: teachers in OECD countries and economies are required to teach on average 778 hours per year at primary level compared to 680 hours at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • Between 2005 and 2019, the statutory salaries of primary and secondary general teachers - with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications - increased by 2-3%, despite salaries falling after the 2008 economic crisis, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Brazil

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Some countries may have provided data refering to another year, to know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.