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Austria
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Austria
Overview of the education system (EAG 2023)
  • In Austria, 20% of 15-19 year-olds are enrolled in general upper secondary education and 43% in vocational upper secondary education. A further 3% are enrolled in lower secondary programmes and 16% in tertiary programmes. This compares to an OECD average of 37% enrolled in general upper secondary programmes, 23% in vocational upper secondary programmes, 12% in lower secondary programmes and 12% in tertiary programmes.
  • In Austria,54% of 25-34 year-olds have a vocational education and training (VET) qualification as their highest level of attainment, which is the highest share among all OECD countries: 35% at upper secondary level and 3% at post-secondary non-tertiary level and 15% at short-cycle tertiary level.
  • Workers in Austria aged 25-34 with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary attainment earn 20% more than those without upper secondary attainment, whereas the earning advantage for workers with general upper secondary attainment is 12%.
  • Across all levels from primary to tertiary education, Austria spends USD 17 744 annually per full-time equivalent student (adjusted for purchasing power and including expenditure on research and development), compared to the OECD average of USD 12 647.
  • In Austria, in full-time equivalent terms, there are 10 students per staff member in general upper secondary programmes (OECD average: 14 students per staff member) and 10 students for every teaching staff member in vocational upper secondary programmes (OECD average: 15 students per staff member).
  • In Austria,40% of teachers in general upper secondary programmes are aged 50 or older, compared to the OECD average of 39%.Teachers in vocational programmes are on average older than their general programme peers, with 52% aged 50 or above (43% on average across the OECD).
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a general upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.9 %, rank 35/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.4 %, rank 34/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old women who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.4 %, rank 34/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (5.6 %, rank 43/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (38.6 %, rank 4/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8 %, rank 35/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.1 %, rank 5/33 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    In Austria, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (4.8 %, rank 43/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (6.4 %, rank 44/45 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of 25-34 year-old women who have attained a short cycle tertiary degree is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (14.5 %, rank 4/31 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of 25-34 year-old men who have attained a short cycle tertiary degree is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (15.8 %, rank 4/31 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Austria is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (7.3 %, rank 36/38 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Austria is one of the highest among countries with available data. (34.7 %, rank 4/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business and administration is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.2 %, rank 17/17 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.9 %, rank 28/31 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (nursing and associate health fields) is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3.6 %, rank 12/14 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    In Austria, the average age of new entrants in short-cycle programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.3 Years, rank 30/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of first-time entrants in bachelor's programmes is one of the smallest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (41.1 %, rank 33/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Entrance by field of education and gender

    In Austria, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (52.6 %, rank 33/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Austria is one of the smallest compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (34 %, rank 34/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students entering short cycle tertiary programmes in information and communication technologies in Austria is one of the smallest compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (12.4 %, rank 24/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of men among new entrants in bachelor's programmes in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (61.6 %, rank 35/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.9 %, rank 4/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.3 %, rank 3/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 17 in general upper secondary programmes in Austria is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.5 %, rank 42/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 17 tertiary programmes in Austria is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.7 %, rank 1/35 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of students aged 18 tertiary programmes in Austria is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23.7 %, rank 1/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of upper secondary students enrolled in programmes giving partial completion or insufficient for completion is relatively low compared to the other countries. (4.7 %, rank 13/16 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary students enrolled in programmes giving full level completion without access to tertiary education in Austria is relatively low compared to the other countries. (1.8 %, rank 25/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (100 %, rank 1/30 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of post-secondary non-tertiary students enrolled in programmes giving full level completion without access to tertiary education is relatively small compared to other OECD or partner contries. (64.1 %, rank 12/14 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Students enrolled in programmes providing full completion and access to tertiary education among all students enrolled in post-secondary non-tertiary vocational programmes are proportionally less in Austria than in the other countries. (35.9 %, rank 16/20 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (100 %, rank 1/33 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Austria has a share of short-cycle tertiary students enrolled in programmes giving full level completion with access to tertiary education that is lower than other OECD and partner countries; (88.1 %, rank 31/32 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 15-19 in upper secondary general programmes in Austria is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.9 %, rank 44/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among students aged 15-19 in short-cycle tertiary programmes in Austria is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.3 %, rank 1/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of female students enrolled in post-secondary non-tertiary programmes is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (76.9 %, rank 1/30 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (74.6 %, rank 1/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time bachelor's graduates is relatively low in Austria. (36.3 %, rank 34/34 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of first-time graduates in general programmes at upper secondary level is comparatively low. (25.4 %, rank 39/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of short-cycle tertiary graduates in Austria is among the youngest. (20.2 Years, rank 26/26 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The average age of master's or equivalent graduates in Austria is among the oldest. (30.9 Years, rank 1/25 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Austria is relatively high. (73.4 %, rank 2/27 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20 %, rank 3/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of sciences, journalism and information in Austria is relatively small. (5 %, rank 42/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is relatively low. (8.3 %, rank 21/25 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 23/25 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of services is relatively low. (1.3 %, rank 25/25 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of short-cycle tertiary vocational graduates in the field of services is relatively high compared to other OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (21.7 %, rank 4/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education and gender

    In Austria, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (34.3 %, rank 43/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics is relatively high in Austria. (49.4 %, rank 3/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of female post-secondary non-tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (76.9 %, rank 19/23 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of female post-secondary non-tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively small. (53.1 %, rank 25/26 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Completion rates

    (56.8 %, rank 22/23 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (60.1 %, rank 23/23 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (77.7 %, rank 18/21 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (81.1 %, rank 18/21 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Austria, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high, compared to other countries with available data. (16 %, rank 5/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of new entrants to doctoral programmes in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively high, compared to other countries with available data. (6.5 %, rank 4/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of new entrants in services bachelor's programmes is especially low, compared to the other countries with other data. (1.2 %, rank 35/39 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Austria has a large share of international students graduate from tertiary programmes compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (19.9 %, rank 3/32 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Austria has one of the largest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.7 %, rank 4/44 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, international or foreign students from Europe are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (83.8 %, rank 4/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of international graduates among bachelor's first-time graduates is relatively high. (18.2 %, rank 4/32 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The proportion of international students among the new entrants in master's programmes in Austria is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (33.4 %, rank 3/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in bachelor's programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.7 %, rank 2/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of international or foreign students coming from neighbouring countries is comparatively high . (60 Students, rank 5/43 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (18 %, rank 3/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    (17.6 %, rank 4/38 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Austria is relatively high. (16.5 %, rank 1/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Austria, the share of unemployed 25-64 year-olds participating in at least one job-related non-formal education and training over the 4 weeks prior to the interview is relatively high, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (14.1 %, rank 4/19 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of 25-64 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participating in non-formal job-related education and training over the 4 weeks prior to the interview is relatively high, compared to other OECD and partners countries with available data. (12.2 %, rank 5/24 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    In Austria, the salary cost of primary teachers per student is comparatively high. (5362 USD Equivalent, rank 3/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the salary cost of lower-secondary teachers per student is comparatively high. (8341 USD Equivalent, rank 1/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17744 USD Equivalent, rank 4/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17478 USD Equivalent, rank 2/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4626 USD Equivalent, rank 17/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Austria is comparatively high. (15193 USD Equivalent, rank 4/37 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per full-time equivalent student in primary to tertiary education is one the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15194 USD Equivalent, rank 2/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    From 2012 to 2018, the average annual growth in total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education in Austria is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.6 %, rank 2/32 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Government and private expenditure in education

    In Austria, total public expenditure on primary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (1.7 %, rank 43/46 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Austria compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.3 %, rank 42/45 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Nature of expenditure

    In Austria, the share of capital expenditure on secondary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 34/36 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (43.1 %, rank 33/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers under 30 in lower secondary education is especially high in Austria. (76.6 %, rank 5/37 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of short-cycle tertiary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is relatively low, compared to other countries with data available. (43.1 %, rank 22/23 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The percentage of teachers under 30 in early childhood educational development is especially high in Austria. (36.8 %, rank 1/19 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of teachers under 30 in pre-primary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (30.1 %, rank 4/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of teachers aged 50 or more in post secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Austria, compared to the other countries with available data. (54.5 %, rank 2/20 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of post secondary non-tertiary education teachers under 30 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (3.5 %, rank 16/20 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The share of teachers aged between 30 and 49 in post secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Austria, compared to other countries with available data. (42 %, rank 17/20 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the highest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (67703 USD Equivalent, rank 3/28 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the highest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (74796 USD Equivalent, rank 3/28 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the highest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (79846 USD Equivalent, rank 2/28 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the highest in Austria relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (55854 USD Equivalent, rank 4/24 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the highest in Austria. (97197 USD Equivalent, rank 1/24 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially high. (49646 USD Equivalent, rank 5/39 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    The average actual salaries of 25-64 year-old primary school heads is one of the highest in Austria. (96921 USD Equivalent, rank 5/24 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (121623 USD Equivalent, rank 1/24 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the highest in Austria. (111839 USD Equivalent, rank 3/22 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.3 Ratio, rank 37/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Austria. (8.6 Ratio, rank 18/20 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.3 Ratio, rank 32/36 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in all public secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.2 Ratio, rank 37/41 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in private institutions tertiary education is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (12.1 Ratio, rank 28/31 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in public institutions short-cycle tertiary education is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (8.6 Ratio, rank 19/21 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in private institutions short-cycle tertiary education is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (8.8 Ratio, rank 14/18 , 2021) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in private bachelor's, master's, doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (12.7 Ratio, rank 24/26 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    Compared to other countries with available data, the employment rate of 25-34 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is relatively high in Austria. (97.4 %, rank 2/26 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Employment by gender and educational attainment

    In Austria, the employment rate among 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high (84.8 %, rank 5/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Employment by field of education

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (medical and dental) is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (90.2 %, rank 10/14 , 2021) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (nursing and associate health fields) is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (84.1 %, rank 11/14 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Compared to other countries with available data, the unemployment rate of 25-34 year-old with a short cycle tertiary education degree is relatively low in Austria. (3.3 %, rank 22/26 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Inactivity by gender and educational attainment

    In Austria, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low. (11.2 %, rank 32/35 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the inactivity rate of 25-64 year-old men with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high. (15.8 %, rank 3/36 , 2022) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the inactivity rate of 25-34 year-old women with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low. (13.6 %, rank 41/43 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (14.3 %, rank 27/28 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (11.4 %, rank 26/29 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (24.2 %, rank 29/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (34.3 %, rank 29/30 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (104 Index, rank 34/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (111 Index, rank 34/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (106 Index, rank 34/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a bachelor's or equivalent education are comparatively low. (99.9 %, rank 34/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 25-64 year-olds full- and part-time with below secondary education compared to those of adults with an upper secondary education are relatively low in Austria. (67.8 %, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of young 25-34 year-old adults with post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively high compared to OECD and other members with available data (116.1 %, rank 3/18 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 25-64 year-olds working full-time and full-year with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education compared to those of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high in Austria. (142 Index, rank 3/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of 45-54 year-olds working full-time and full-year with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education compared to those of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high in Austria. (158 Index, rank 1/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    Earnings of women (as a percentage of men's earnings) among full- and part-time 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (60.6 %, rank 39/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (92.6 %, rank 1/29 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with vocational upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education working full-time full-year) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (83 %, rank 4/28 , 2021) Download Indicator

    Earnings by field of education

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Austria. (67.6 %, rank 14/15 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of business, administration and law are high, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Austria. (112.2 %, rank 5/17 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Austria. (98.8 %, rank 12/16 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of tertiary-educated adults in Austria who studied in the field of arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information are low, when compared to earnings of adults with an upper secondary education. (79 %, rank 11/14 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of tertiary-educated adults in Austria who studied in the field of business, administration and law, are high, when compared to earnings of adults with an upper secondary education. (112.8 %, rank 3/16 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of tertiary-educated adults in Austria who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction, are low, when compared to earnings of adults with an upper secondary education. (99.1 %, rank 13/16 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of tertiary-educated adults in Austria who studied in the field of health and welfare, are high, when compared to earnings of adults with an upper secondary education. (120.1 %, rank 2/16 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, earnings of tertiary-educated adults in Austria who studied in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT), are high, when compared to earnings of adults with an upper secondary education. (112 %, rank 5/16 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The share of women with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Austria is relatively low (6.8 %, rank 30/32 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of men with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education neither in employment nor in education and training (25-29 year-olds) in Austria is relatively low (6.2 %, rank 27/29 , 2022) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-29 year-olds neither in employment nor in education and training with general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education in Austria is relatively low (6.5 %, rank 32/33 , 2022) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    In Austria, below upper-secondary education's average score for the perception of democracy and the importance given to citizens having the final say on the most important political issues by voting on them directly in referendums is relatively high, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.3 Average score, rank 5/24 , 2020) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    
    
    • On average in OECD countries, the employment rate for younger adults (25-34 year-olds) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education as their highest attainment is 83% for those with a vocational qualification and 73% for those with a general one.
    • Combined school- and work-based vocational programmes facilitate the transition into the labour market. In Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia and Switzerland, around nine out of ten upper secondary VET students are in a combined school- and work-based programme, but in 10 countries, the share is less than one in five.
    • Vocational education and training (VET) programmes, which often require specific equipment and infrastructure, typically cost more per student than general programmes. On average across OECD countries, expenditure per student is about USD 11 400 in general upper secondary programmes, compared to about USD 13 200 in vocational programmes.
    • On average across OECD countries, 43% of teachers in vocational upper secondary programmes are aged 50 or over. This reflects an ageing VET teacher workforce, and also that some VET teachers join the teaching profession after an industry work experience.
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    • On average across OECD, 20% of adults (25-64 year-olds) still do not have an upper secondary qualification in 2022. Forty percent have an upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary qualification as their highest level of education, the same share as those with a tertiary degree.
    • Employment rates increase as educational attainment increases. Among 25-64 year-olds, the employment rate is 59% for those with below upper secondary attainment. This rises to 77% for adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary attainment and 86% for those with tertiary attainment.
    • Civic engagement tends to increase as educational attainment increases. Across the OECD countries and accession countries participating in the European Social Survey (ESS) Round 10, around 10% of individuals with tertiary attainment have participated in a public demonstration in the previous 12 months, whereas 6% of individuals with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary educational attainment have done so.
    • The most common form of participation in adult learning is non-formal education and training, mostly job related. Slightly more than one in ten adults (25-64 year-olds) participate in non-formal education and training on average across OECD and accession countries reporting data with a four-week reference period, of which almost 80% have engaged in at least one job-related learning activity.
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    • On average, 18% of children under 2 and 43% of 2-year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education (ECEC) programmes in 2021 but other ECEC services also play a significant role. In Japan, 26% of children under 2 and 53% of 2-year-olds are enrolled in ECEC services outside ISCED 0.
    • In Canada, Ireland and New Zealand, vocational programmes mostly serve those who have completed their initial schooling, and less than 12% of 15-19 year-old upper secondary students are pursuing VET. In contrast, there are 11 OECD countries where the majority of 15-19 year-olds enrolled in upper secondary education are in vocational programmes.
    • Most upper secondary VET students are in programmes that offer direct access to tertiary education. Countries where around 30% or more vocational students enrolled in programmes that lead to full level completion without direct access to tertiary education tend to be those with multiple vocational tracks and bridging options to allow progression to higher levels of education.
    • On average, 72% of students who enter upper secondary education graduate within its theoretical duration across countries with available data. Two years after the end of the theoretical duration, the average completion rate has increased to 82%.
    • Students who entered a general upper secondary programme have a higher rate of completion (87%) than those who entered in a vocational programme (73%) in nearly all countries two years after the end of the theoretical programme duration.
    • The COVID-19 pandemic had a very uneven impact on international student flows across countries during the period 2019-2021. While the share of mobile students fell by 6 percentage points in Australia and 9 percentage points in New Zealand, it increased in several countries and remained unchanged in many others.
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    • Across OECD countries, expenditure per student averages around USD 10 700 at the primary level, USD 11 900 at secondary and USD 18 100 at tertiary level. This reflects the fact that higher levels of education often require teachers to have more advanced qualifications and specialised knowledge which are usually accompanied by higher salaries.
    • Vocational education and training (VET) programmes, which often require specific equipment and infrastructure, typically cost more per student than general programmes. On average across OECD countries, expenditure per student is about USD 11 400 in general upper secondary programmes, compared to about USD 13 200 in vocational programmes.
    • Upper secondary vocational programmes receive between 3% and 17% of all funding for primary to tertiary educational institutions. Post-secondary non-tertiary programmes, which are often vocational, receive as much as 7% of funding (in Ireland) and short-cycle tertiary as much as 10% (in Canada).
    • In 2020, on average across OECD countries, 84% of the funding for primary to tertiary educational institutions came directly from government sources, 15% from private sources and 1% from non-domestic (international) sources.
    • Higher education levels tend to have higher teachers' salary costs per student. On average across OECD countries, they rise from USD 3 614 per student in primary education to USD 4 424 in lower secondary education. This is mostly due to a combination of higher teachers' salaries and instruction time, and shorter teaching hours.
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    • Students across the OECD receive an average of 7 634 hours of compulsory instruction during their primary and lower secondary education, ranging from 5 245 hours in Poland to double that in Australia (11 000 hours).
    • Teachers' actual salaries at pre-primary, primary and general secondary levels of education are 81-95% of the earnings of tertiary-educated workers on average across OECD countries and other participants.
    • School heads' actual salaries are more than 51% higher on average than those of teachers across primary and secondary education in OECD countries and other participants.
    • More than three-quarters of the OECD countries have national, or central, examinations in the final years of upper secondary education (in general programmes). A large majority of these countries use these examinations to grant students access to tertiary education.
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Austria

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Austria

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    Reference years displayed in the Education GPS correspond to the most common year of reference among countries for which data is available on each variable. Data for the latest available year is preferred and some countries may have provided data refering to a more recent or late year. To know more about possible exceptions on data please click on the "Download Indicator" link on each variable. When a year of reference corresponds to a school year encompassing two years, the reference reads as follows: 2018 for school year 2017/2018.

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.