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Austria
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Austria
Overview of the education system (EAG 2021)
  • In Austria, men are more likely than women to pursue a vocational track. In 2019, 54% of upper secondary vocational graduates were men, compared to 55% on average across OECD countries.
  • In Austria, 46% of 25-34 year-old women had a tertiary qualification in 2020 compared to 37% of their male peers.
  • In 2018, Austria invested a total of USD 15 254 per student on primary to tertiary institutions compared to USD 10 454 on average across OECD countries. This represents 4.7% of GDP, compared to 4.9% on average across OECD countries.
  • In 2019, 90% of 3-5 year-olds were enrolled in early childhood education and care programmes and primary education in Austria, compared to 88% on average across OECD countries.
  • Statutory salaries of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of their salary scales are 75% to 99% higher than those of teachers with the minimum qualifications at the start of their career at pre-primary (ISCED 02), primary and general lower and upper secondary levels in Austria compared to 86% - 91% on average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Attainment

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who have attained a general upper secondary or post-secondary qualification is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.2 %, rank 36/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (4.5 %, rank 43/46 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (39.6 %, rank 4/34 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-34 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.1 %, rank 37/40 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 55-64 year-olds who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5 %, rank 35/39 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The level of short-cycle tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15.9 %, rank 5/35 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of upper secondary students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.8 %, rank 3/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of upper secondary 15-19-year-old students enrolled in vocational programmes is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (68.5 %, rank 2/42 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    Austria has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (22.7 %, rank 28/31 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Austria has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (18.6 %, rank 25/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (75.6 %, rank 1/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of first-time short-cycle graduates is relatively high in Austria. (47.5 %, rank 1/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time bachelor's graduates is relatively low in Austria. (34.2 %, rank 30/30 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time master's graduates is relatively high in Austria. (18.3 %, rank 3/23 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at post-secondary non-tertiary level is comparatively important . (100 %, rank 1/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Austria is relatively high. (74.5 %, rank 2/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of male tertiary graduates in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics is relatively high in Austria. (50.4 %, rank 3/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of female post-secondary non-tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively small. (52.1 %, rank 20/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21 %, rank 3/44 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 22/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of services is relatively low. (1 %, rank 23/24 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Austria, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of health and welfare is relatively low. (7.8 %, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of health and welfare among all national tertiary students in Austria is relatively low. (8.8 %, rank 30/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Austria is relatively small. (25.5 %, rank 31/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of female among new entrants in doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (53.8 %, rank 32/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Austria, international or foreign students from Europe are most represented among all international or foreign students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (83.4 %, rank 5/75 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of international graduates among bachelor's first-time graduates is relatively high. (18.1 %, rank 4/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information among all international or foreign tertiary students in Austria is relatively high. (16.2 %, rank 2/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Adult participation in non-formal education

    In Austria, the proportion of employed adults participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (67.4 %, rank 5/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (60.1 %, rank 3/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of adults employed in the private sector and participating in non-formal education and training is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (62.3 %, rank 5/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of adults employed in enterprises of 1-9 persons and participating in job-related non-formal education and training sponsored by the employer is high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (43.4 %, rank 5/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16837 USD Equivalent, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13151 USD Equivalent, rank 5/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16747 USD Equivalent, rank 2/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5571 USD Equivalent, rank 16/19 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14980 USD Equivalent, rank 5/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education, is relatively high. (15254 USD Equivalent, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    At primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level, the public expenditure on public educational institutions per full-time equivalent student is comparatively high in Austria. (15346 USD Equivalent, rank 4/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13964 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 3/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The public expenditure per full-time equivalent student from primary to tertiary education is relatively high in Austria. (16890 USD Equivalent, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the total expenditure per full-time equivalent student on primary to tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15413 USD Equivalent 2015, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    At tertiary level, the public expenditure as a percentage of GDP from initial source of funds is comparatively high in Austria. (1.6 %, rank 2/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.5 %, rank 33/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, total public expenditure on primary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (1.8 %, rank 38/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education is comparatively large. (89.5 %, rank 4/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Austria compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (6 %, rank 39/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the relative share of public expenditure from initial sources of funds on primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (96.8 %, rank 4/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds at primary to tertiary education is relatively high . (94.1 %, rank 5/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the relative share of public expenditure from initial source of funds on tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (89.5 %, rank 4/26 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Nature of expenditure

    The percentage of capital expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Austria. (3 %, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of current expenditure on secondary education is relatively in Austria. (97 %, rank 3/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of capital expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (0.9 %, rank 15/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the share of current expenditure on post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high . (99.1 %, rank 3/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69.2 %, rank 2/20 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (46.2 %, rank 34/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (40.2 %, rank 34/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (43.2 %, rank 34/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers younger than 30 in primary education is especially high in Austria. (93.7 %, rank 2/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The percentage of female teachers under 30 in lower secondary education is especially high in Austria. (76.2 %, rank 5/35 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the highest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (69868 USD Equivalent, rank 3/27 , 2020) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the highest in Austria. (88588 USD Equivalent, rank 1/23 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower secondary school heads is one of the highest in Austria. (101164 USD Equivalent, rank 5/21 , 2020) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the lower secondary level is especially low. (8.5 Ratio, rank 38/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.2 Ratio, rank 33/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Austria. (8 Ratio, rank 19/21 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in general upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.2 Ratio, rank 29/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in public lower secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.4 Ratio, rank 39/40 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the number of students per teacher in all public secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.1 Ratio, rank 34/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (109 Index, rank 33/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (111 Index, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a bachelor's or equivalent degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (116 Index, rank 34/34 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Bachelor's or equivalent education are comparatively low. (91 Index, rank 33/33 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings, gender and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (40.6 %, rank 25/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (19.5 %, rank 23/27 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (29 %, rank 24/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (9.2 %, rank 26/26 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (24.2 %, rank 27/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (17.7 %, rank 24/25 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (73.7 %, rank 25/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (33.5 %, rank 27/28 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education or post-secondary non-tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (84.4 %, rank 3/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Participation in education by gender

    In Austria, the proportion of men (excluding international students) expected to enter bachelor's programmes before the age of 25 is relatively small. (23.9 %, rank 29/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Austria, the proportion of women (excluding international students) expected to enter bachelor's programmes before the age of 25 is relatively small. (36 %, rank 29/32 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Entrance

    The proportion of youth (excluding international students) expected to enter bachelor's or equivalent programme before the age of 25 is comparatively low in Austria. (29.7 %, rank 28/32 , 2019) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    
                            
    • One in five adults across the OECD has not attained upper secondary education.
    • In 2020, the unemployment rate of adults that had not completed upper secondary education was almost twice as high as those with higher qualifications, and 27% of these adults earn only at or below half the median on average across OECD countries.
    • In 2019, at least 10% of school-aged youth were not in school in about a quarter of OECD countries.
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    • In 2019, women made up 55% of new entrants to tertiary education on average. If current patterns continue, it is expected that 46% of young women will graduate with a tertiary degree for the first time before they turn 30, 15 percentage points more than men.
    • Women also earn on average about 76-78% of men’s salaries regardless of educational attainment, although the gender gap narrowed by 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2019.
    • Women are less likely than men to enter a STEM field of study, and the average share remained generally stable between 2013 and 2019.
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    • On average across countries, expenditure on educational institutions amounted to approximately USD 9 300 per student at pre-primary level; USD 10 500 at primary, secondary and post-secondary non tertiary level; and USD 17 100 at tertiary level.
    • The public sector funds 90% of total expenditure on primary and secondary institutions on average, often compulsory in most OECD countries, compared to 83% at pre-primary level and 66% at tertiary level.
    • In 2018, the OECD countries spent on average 4.9% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on primary to tertiary educational institutions.
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    • In 2019, less than 5% of pre-primary teachers were men, compared to 18% at primary level, 40% at upper secondary level and more than 50% at tertiary level on average.
    • Between 2005 and 2020, on average across OECD countries and economies with available data for all reference years, the statutory salaries of teachers with 15 years of experience and the most prevalent qualifications increased by 3% at primary level, 4% at lower secondary level (general programmes) and 2% at upper secondary level (general programmes).
    • In most countries, teachers above 50 years of age make up more than a third of the teaching force.
    • Attracting male teachers to the profession can be difficult: While the average actual salary of female teachers is equal to or higher than the average salary of other full-time, tertiary-educated women, primary and secondary male teachers earn between 76% and 85% of the average earnings of other full-time, tertiary-educated men.
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    • On average across OECD countries, 87% of children aged 3-5 are enrolled in education on average across OECD countries compared to 25% for children below the age of 3.
    • There are 15 children for every teacher at pre-primary level on average across OECD countries.
    • Half of children enrolled in early childhood development services and a two-thirds of pre-primary children attend public institutions on average across OECD countries
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    Key
    Diagram of funding flows - Austria

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    Key
    Country Reviews for Austria

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS averages. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2021 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.