Review education policies

Examine the OECD's extensive research and analysis of education policy around the world. Get a quick overview of key insights and policy options for a wide range of topics in education. Or delve deeper into the OECD knowledge base through quick and easy access to related websites and publications.


Education is complex. Policies and practices, as well as inputs, processes and outcomes, stand in a dynamic relationship with each other. Explore how different topics can be related through a visual network of education policy.


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Navigate the policy network to explore the world of education or use the search box to go directly to a thematic page of your choice. 

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Note

The development of education policies always needs to take into account country-specific traditions and features of respective education systems. Not all policy options are equally relevant for different countries, different contexts give rise to different priorities. In some countries, policy suggestions may already be in place; in others, they may have less relevance owing to specific social, economic and educational structures and traditions. Policy options rather distil potentially useful ideas and lessons from the experiences of countries that have been searching for ways to improve their education system. As policy options are removed from their wider analytical context, it is strongly advised that readers should refer back to the original OECD source for the fuller picture.

Access & Participation

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In past decades, education systems in all OECD countries have managed to provide universal access to basic education and participation in education is now expanding to upper and lower levels of education. Access to upper secondary education is becoming almost universal in most countries, as is pre-primary education. The expansion of upper secondary education has been driven by increasing demand and policy changes ranging from a more flexible curriculum, a reshaping of vocational studies, and efforts to expand access to education to the entire population. The same applies to tertiary education, although participation rates at this level of education are significantly lower.  More

Economic & Social outcomes

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Besides the intrinsic value of being educated, education is associated with a wide range of benefits to both individuals and society. Education contributes to greater productivity and economic growth, and human capital is at the heart of innovation. Education influences individuals' employment opportunities and earnings, but also their health and participation in their community. And while social mobility is influenced by a range of factors, education that provides equal opportunities for all to achieve can help individuals move up the social ladder, and thus help to create more equitable societies.  More

Teachers

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The quality of teachers, trainers and instructors is key for effective learning, be it in early childhood education and care, schools, vocational education and training, or adult education. As research for schooling showed, while learning is influenced by many factors, such as a student’s family background and skills and motivation, the single most important factor within schools that impacts student learning is teaching. Considering teachers’ role for learning, ensuring a high quality workforce is high on policy agendas in many countries. The OECD published its Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2013 at the end of June 2014. TALIS provides information about school's learning environments and teachers' and school leaders' working conditions in participating countries. Find selected key insights and explore TALIS data on the Education GPS.  More

Access & Participation
Career guidance
Organisation & Governance
School choice
School autonomy
Parental involvement
Public & Private stakeholders
Finance & Funding
Sources of funding
Use and allocation of public funds
Student support
Learning environment
Learning time & Disciplinary climate
Class size & Student-teacher ratio
Teachers
Teacher initial training
Teacher professional development
Teacher employment
Teacher working conditions
Evaluation & Quality assurance
Student assessment
Teacher appraisal
School evaluation
School leader appraisal
System evaluation
Equity
Socio-economic status
Migrant background
Economic & Social outcomes
Public returns
Labour market outcomes
Earnings
Social & Health outcomes
Innovation
Regional development
Internationalisation
Cross-border quality assurance
Student mobility
Research & Innovation in education
School leadership
Trends shaping education
Attainment
Skills