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Slovak Republic
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Diagram of the education system

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  • Diagram of education system in country language


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  • Education system in Slovak Republic

    Slovak Republic
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • While the Slovak Republic's share of tertiary graduates has been steadily increasing over the past decade, the share remains lower than the OECD average. A majority of those who pursue tertiary education receive master's degrees.
  • Young adults with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education have higher employment rates than tertiary-educated ones. The earnings premium for tertiary education is also lower in the Slovak Republic than in most OECD countries.
  • Although participation in upper secondary vocational programmes is among the highest across OECD countries, spending per student is lower.
  • Enrolment of 3-5 year-olds in early childhood education and care (ECEC) has remained stable since 2005, while spending on ECEC remains below the OECD average.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 38/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old women who have attained a general degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 %, rank 35/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.3 %, rank 37/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (3.1 %, rank 45/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (71.5 %, rank 2/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Slovak Republic has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old men whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.2 %, rank 37/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Slovak Republic has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.4 %, rank 36/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (2.4 %, rank 45/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (3.8 %, rank 44/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of arts is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (1.4 %, rank 17/17 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (15.2 %, rank 7/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business and administration is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (10.2 %, rank 13/16 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of law is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3 %, rank 10/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (13.3 %, rank 31/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.4 %, rank 8/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (19.5 %, rank 8/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (medical and dental) is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.6 %, rank 13/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education participating in formal education is low in Slovak Republic. (3.4 %, rank 35/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer is high in Slovak Republic, compared to other countries with available data. (84.7 %, rank 2/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education not sponsored by the employer is low in Slovak Republic, compared to other countries with available data. (7 %, rank 29/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in not job-related non-formal education is low in Slovak Republic, compared to other countries with available data. (8.3 %, rank 32/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women participating in job-related non-formal education not sponsored by the employer is small. (7.5 %, rank 29/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women participating in not job-related non-formal education is small. (10.1 %, rank 32/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, a low proportion of 25-64 year-old men participate in not job-related non-formal education. (6.8 %, rank 32/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 6-14 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (94.8 %, rank 39/41 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic the percentage of young people expected to enter short-cycle tertiary programmes during their lifetimes is comparatively low. (1.3 %, rank 31/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of 25-64 year-old who participate in formal education is relatively low. (1.8 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 30/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of part-time students in doctoral programmes in Slovak Republic is relatively large. (45 %, rank 6/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of new female entrants into master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (65.4 %, rank 7/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    The percentage of young people expected to graduate from vocational programmes in upper secondary education during their lifetimes in Slovak Republic is comparatively high (51.5 %, rank 7/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from an upper secondary general programme is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.9 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from upper secondary education before turning 25 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (70.6 %, rank 25/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education programmes during their lifetime. (1.1 %, rank 18/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education before the age of 30. (1 %, rank 16/21 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (31.5 %, rank 2/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctorate or an equivalent education during their lifetime. (1.8 %, rank 3/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Among OECD countries and partner economies with available data, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education during their lifetime. (35.8 %, rank 26/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education during their lifetimes. (33.7 %, rank 23/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Slovak Republic has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from tertiary education before the age of 30. (30.7 %, rank 21/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    In Slovak Republic, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (53.4 %, rank 8/43 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (49.9 %, rank 17/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18.2 %, rank 9/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Slovak Republic is relatively large. (13 %, rank 10/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (7.1 %, rank 30/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (19.2 %, rank 31/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.8 %, rank 28/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (7.8 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic,the share of male among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics ans statistics is relatively small. (38.4 %, rank 34/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    The share of international students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Slovak Republic is relatively small. (8.7 %, rank 30/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 38/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international students from North America are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 43/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international students from Latin America and the Caribbean are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 42/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international students from Asia are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.6 %, rank 37/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international students from Europe are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (90.7 %, rank 1/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international students from Oceania are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 41/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, international students from Africa are lowest represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (1 %, rank 41/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the proportion of new international entrants into master's long first degreee (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (33.7 %, rank 3/20 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (7.2 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (3.9 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (9.6 %, rank 35/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertairy students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (2 %, rank 32/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (1.8 %, rank 33/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Slovak Republic is relatively low. (6.3 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.5 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6 %, rank 32/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 27/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    In Slovak Republic, the intended instruction time for lower secondary students (in hours per year) is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (815 Hours, rank 28/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The total compulsory instruction time for primary students in Slovak Republic is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2678 Hours, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total intended instruction time for primary students (in hours per year) is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2678 Hours, rank 28/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, total intended instruction time for primary and lower secondary students (in hours per year) is among the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6752 Hours, rank 24/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the intended instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (670 Hours, rank 25/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (815 Hours, rank 29/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively small in Slovak Republic. (19 Students, rank 28/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Slovak Republic. (18 Students, rank 26/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    In Slovak Republic, the salary cost of primary teachers per student is comparatively low. (1164 USD Equivalent, rank 27/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the salary cost of lower-secondary teachers per student is comparatively low. (1627 USD Equivalent, rank 26/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salary cost of primary teachers per students (as a percentage of GDP per capita) in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.6 %, rank 28/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salary cost of lower secondary teachers per students (as a percentage of GDP per capita) in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5 %, rank 28/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salary cost of upper secondary teachers per students (in USD) in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1406 USD Equivalent, rank 15/16 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salary cost of upper secondary teachers per students (as a percentage of GDP per capita) in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.3 %, rank 16/16 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7530 USD Equivalent, rank 27/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6169 USD Equivalent, rank 25/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6551 USD Equivalent, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core and ancillary services, from primary to below-tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6686 USD Equivalent, rank 28/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (5733 USD Equivalent, rank 25/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (7004 USD Equivalent, rank 24/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary to tertiary education in Slovak Republic is comparatively low. (5960 USD Equivalent, rank 25/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary, is relatively low. (6686 USD Equivalent, rank 28/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies. (3.7 %, rank 29/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on primary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (0.9 %, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (1 %, rank 29/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (2.4 %, rank 35/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (3.1 %, rank 33/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Slovak Republic, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (8.2 %, rank 32/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Change in private expenditure on educational institutions for primary to tertiary education between 2010 and 2016 in Slovak Republic is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1 % points, rank 23/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Slovak Republic compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.2 %, rank 32/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Tuition fees

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in independent private institutions for a bachelor's or equivalent level education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2148 USD Equivalent, rank 14/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The estimated average annual tuition fee for national students in independent private institutions for a master's or equivalent level education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2571 USD Equivalent, rank 11/12 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (191 Days, rank 9/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.9 Ratio, rank 27/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (17.4 Ratio, rank 10/41 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Slovak Republic. (7.7 Ratio, rank 18/18 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively high in Slovak Republic. (14 Ratio, rank 10/15 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, the ratio of students to teaching staff in bachelor's and tertiary advanced research programmes is one of the lowest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.06 Ratio, rank 20/23 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.5 %, rank 3/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (77.1 %, rank 7/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21553 USD Equivalent, rank 30/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21553 USD Equivalent, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15762 USD Equivalent, rank 26/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21553 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.5 Ratio, rank 24/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The ratio of primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.65 Ratio, rank 24/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.65 Ratio, rank 25/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.67 Ratio, rank 26/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (38 USD Equivalent, rank 27/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28 USD Equivalent, rank 29/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33 USD Equivalent, rank 27/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19053 USD Equivalent, rank 23/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25170 USD Equivalent, rank 24/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25170 USD Equivalent, rank 24/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (25678 USD Equivalent, rank 23/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21553 USD Equivalent, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21553 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (15762 USD Equivalent, rank 26/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21553 USD Equivalent, rank 31/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14 USD Equivalent, rank 22/22 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (15339 USD Equivalent, rank 32/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18418 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (23242 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15339 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18418 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (23242 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (15339 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18418 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (23242 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (13705 USD Equivalent, rank 27/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (15084 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (16995 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers longer to progress through the salary scale in Slovak Republic compared to other OECD and partner countries. (32 Years, rank 10/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (76.2 %, rank 40/44 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (83.5 %, rank 39/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (86.1 %, rank 35/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (9.1 %, rank 31/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (18.4 %, rank 29/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (72.5 %, rank 2/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (12.8 %, rank 29/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (23 %, rank 28/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Slovak Republic, compared to other OECD countries. (27.6 %, rank 23/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Slovak Republic, compared to OECD countries. (41.4 %, rank 8/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is high in Slovak Republic. (44.8 %, rank 2/42 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is high in Slovak Republic. (19.6 %, rank 2/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (64 Index, rank 35/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (74.3 %, rank 29/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (69.1 %, rank 32/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (75.1 %, rank 34/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of 25-64 year-old full- and part-time workers with a Bachelor's or equivalent education are comparatively low. (121 Index, rank 28/33 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Migrant background

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old native-born people who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23 %, rank 27/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of native-born aged between 25-64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (38.8 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of native-born aged between 25-64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (82 %, rank 26/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 and who are not in education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (50.3 %, rank 29/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 and who are in education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (41.1 %, rank 28/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of native-born 15-29 year-olds neither employed nor in education and training is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16.3 %, rank 7/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (31.8 %, rank 25/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (4.5 %, rank 27/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (7.4 %, rank 27/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Slovak Republic, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (13.9 %, rank 27/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education, a high proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (99 %, rank 2/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with below upper secondary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in Slovak Republic. (8 %, rank 28/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is high in Slovak Republic. (46.6 %, rank 6/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education are long in Slovak Republic compared to other OECD countries. (41.8 Hours/week, rank 6/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (9.1 %, rank 28/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (18.7 %, rank 25/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers' statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Slovak Republic

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.