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Russian Federation
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Diagram of the education system

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Key

  • Diagram of education system in country language


  • General methodological notes for ISCED diagrams


  • Education system in Russian Federation

    Russian Federation
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • The Russian Federation has one of the highest tertiary attainment rates across OECD countries, at 63% of 25-34 year-olds compared with the OECD average of 44%.
  • Participation in formal and/or non-formal education and training is about 14 percentage points higher for tertiary-educated adults than for those who completed upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education.
  • Enrolment of 3-5 year-olds in early childhood education and care increased from 53% in 2005 to 83% in 2017 (the OECD average in 2017 was 87%). However, spending per student is still low, about half of the OECD average.
  • At upper secondary level, vocational programmes are relatively more common in the Russian Federation than in some other OECD countries: in 2017, 46% of Russian first-time upper secondary graduates had a vocational qualification compared to 40% on average across OECD countries.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Educational outcomes

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (1.8 %, rank 46/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 32/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (25.1 Years, rank 20/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    In Russian Federation, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (1.6 %, rank 46/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (2.1 %, rank 46/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (0.5 %, rank 30/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (11.3 %, rank 30/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3.4 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (0.3 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (29.7 %, rank 1/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education participating in formal education is low in Russian Federation. (7.7 %, rank 27/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a low participate in non-formal education. (10.8 %, rank 36/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a low participate in non-formal education. (24.5 %, rank 36/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of 25-64 year-old who participate in formal education is relatively low. (1.8 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Russian Federation is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 36/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the average age of new entrants into master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.4 Years, rank 18/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of tertiary students enrolled in private institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.6 %, rank 35/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the share of part-time students in bachelor's programmes is relatively large. (48.6 %, rank 2/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the proportion of new female entrants into master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively low. (50.1 %, rank 21/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    The percentage of young people expected to graduate from vocational programmes in upper secondary education during their lifetimes in Russian Federation is comparatively high (41.3 %, rank 10/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from post-secondary non-tertiary education during their lifetime is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (3.3 %, rank 18/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Russian Federation has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime. (46.6 %, rank 9/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (21.9 %, rank 8/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The percentage of female graduates from upper secondary general programmes is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (48.3 %, rank 41/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Russian Federation is relatively low. (35.1 %, rank 23/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.6 %, rank 40/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 39/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (31.3 %, rank 9/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.6 %, rank 40/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22.6 %, rank 1/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.8 %, rank 41/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Russian Federation is relatively large. (15.8 %, rank 5/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is relatively low. (5.2 %, rank 22/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is relatively low. (3.7 %, rank 20/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (5 %, rank 32/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (3.1 %, rank 30/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of health and welfare is relatively low. (8.4 %, rank 30/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Russian Federation is one of the most attractive destinations to foreign students compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.2 %, rank 4/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5 Students, rank 8/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, international students from North America are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 44/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, international students from Latin America and the Caribbean are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 38/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, international students from Oceania are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 41/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the proportion of new international entrants into master's long first degreee (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (9.5 %, rank 10/20 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The total compulsory instruction time for primary students in Russian Federation is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2393 Hours, rank 36/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, compulsory instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (598 Hours, rank 36/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (803 Hours, rank 32/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for primary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (169 Days, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Russian Federation. (13 Students, rank 30/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively small in Russian Federation. (20 Students, rank 25/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Russian Federation. (12 Students, rank 32/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8479 USD Equivalent, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5210 USD Equivalent, rank 33/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core and ancillary services, from primary to below-tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4247 USD Equivalent, rank 33/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7693 USD Equivalent, rank 25/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student on research and development in tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (786 USD Equivalent, rank 31/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core, ancillary services and R&D, from primary to tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5210 USD Equivalent, rank 33/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core, ancillary services and research and development, from tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8479 USD Equivalent, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student on research and development for primary to tertiary education in Russian Federation is comparatively low. (179 USD Equivalent, rank 31/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary, is relatively low. (4247 USD Equivalent, rank 33/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Excluding R&D activities, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary to tertiary, is relatively low in Russian Federation. (5031 USD Equivalent, rank 31/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Russian Federation, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies. (3.1 %, rank 35/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (1.1 %, rank 26/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (1.9 %, rank 39/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (2.6 %, rank 39/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.6 %, rank 25/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (7.3 %, rank 37/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Change in private expenditure on educational institutions for primary to tertiary education between 2010 and 2016 in Russian Federation is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-2.1 % points, rank 25/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Russian Federation compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.1 %, rank 39/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in primary school is especially low. (170 Days, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (210 Days, rank 1/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.8 Ratio, rank 28/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (21.1 Ratio, rank 6/41 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.4 Ratio, rank 29/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, the ratio of students to teaching staff in bachelor's and tertiary advanced research programmes is one of the lowest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.25 Ratio, rank 21/23 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.1 %, rank 9/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in lower secondary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (80.5 %, rank 6/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (59.2 %, rank 1/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (82.4 %, rank 3/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (88.7 %, rank 32/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (68.2 %, rank 34/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Russian Federation, compared to other OECD countries. (17.9 %, rank 24/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Russian Federation, compared to other OECD countries. (21.8 %, rank 29/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Russian Federation, compared to OECD countries. (45.7 %, rank 6/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (23.3 %, rank 27/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (30.6 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (49.7 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (5.6 %, rank 24/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (9.7 %, rank 26/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Russian Federation, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (15.4 %, rank 26/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a high proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (97.5 %, rank 2/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education, a low proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (96.2 %, rank 21/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with below upper secondary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is high in Russian Federation. (35.5 %, rank 8/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a small share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (31.4 %, rank 31/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a small share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (37.9 %, rank 31/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is low in Russian Federation. (16.8 %, rank 30/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is low in Russian Federation. (20.6 %, rank 29/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education are long in Russian Federation compared to other OECD countries. (40.2 Hours/week, rank 7/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education are long in Russian Federation compared to other OECD countries. (40.5 Hours/week, rank 9/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (14.3 %, rank 25/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (13.8 %, rank 27/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (17.4 %, rank 28/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers' statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Russian Federation

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.