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Russian Federation
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Diagram of the education system



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Key

- Diagram of education system in country language

- Old diagram using ISCED 1997 classification

- General methodological notes for ISCED diagrams

Education system in Russian Federation

Russian Federation
Overview of the education system (EAG 2016)
  • Russia has the second highest share of adults attaining tertiary level education out of all OECD and partner countries: 54% of 25-64 year-olds, which is 19 percentage points more than the OECD average.
  • The Russian Federation has one of the lowest ratios of students to teachers at tertiary level, at 11 to 1, compared to the OECD average of 17 tertiary students to each teacher.
  • Despite a rise in the average size of primary school classes between 2005 and 2014, class sizes in the Russian Federation remain at or below the OECD average: 20 students per class in primary school (OECD 21), and 19 in lower secondary school, 4 less than the OECD average of 23.
  • Students in the Russian Federation at primary and lower secondary levels spend less time in the classroom than their counterparts in most OECD and partner countries: for primary education, this figure is the lowest across all countries at 517 hours per year.
  • Expenditure on education in the Russian Federation has risen over the past years, but remains below the OECD average both per student and as a share of gross domestic product (GDP).
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    The level of upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95 %, rank 1/43 ) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95 %, rank 2/43 ) Download Indicator

    The level of upper secondary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (92 %, rank 1/43 ) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (54 %, rank 2/44 ) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 25-34 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (58 %, rank 4/44 ) Download Indicator

    The level of tertiary attainment among 55-64 year-olds is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (50 %, rank 1/44 ) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    In Russian Federation, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from upper secondary education during their lifetimes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (50 %, rank 36/37 ) Download Indicator

    Russian Federation has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education programmes during their lifetime. (27 %, rank 1/32 ) Download Indicator

    Russian Federation has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime. (6 %, rank 38/38 ) Download Indicator

    The percentage of today's young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (55 %, rank 1/38 ) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among 20-29 year-olds in Russian Federation is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19 %, rank 33/42 ) Download Indicator

    The percentage of four-year-olds in early childhood and primary education in Russian Federation is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (83 %, rank 26/34 ) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The proportion of female tertiary graduates in sciences is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries. (28 %, rank 38/42 ) Download Indicator

    Classroom environment

    Classes are particularly small in lower secondary schools. (19 Students, rank 30/33 ) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5999 USD Equivalent, rank 30/36 ) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5100 USD Equivalent, rank 31/38 ) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4 %, rank 30/38 ) Download Indicator

    The change between 2005 and 2012 in private expenditure on tertiary educational institutions is one of the smallest compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (98 Index, rank 23/27 ) Download Indicator

    Between 2010 and 2012, the change in expenditure on educational institutions (from primary to tertiary level) as a percentage of GDP, excluding subsidies, is among the biggest of all OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (107 Index, rank 2/28 ) Download Indicator

    Between 2010 and 2012, the change in public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions is comparatively big. (104 Index, rank 6/31 ) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11 Students, rank 31/33 ) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the largest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (20 Students, rank 6/40 ) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9 Students, rank 34/36 ) Download Indicator

    The number of hours per year primary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively small in Russian Federation. (561 Hours, rank 30/30 ) Download Indicator

    The number of hours per year lower secondary teachers spend teaching in public institutions is comparatively small in Russian Federation. (483 Hours, rank 30/31 ) Download Indicator

    The number of hours per year upper secondary teachers spend teaching general programmes in public institutions is comparatively small in Russian Federation. (483 Hours, rank 28/30 ) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    • Labour market outcomes are better among the higher-educated: on average across OECD countries, the unemployment rate is 12.4% for adults with below upper secondary education, while it is 4.9% for the tertiary-educated.
    • In all OECD countries, earnings differentials between adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary education are generally more pronounced than the difference between the earnings of those with upper secondary education and those with below upper secondary education. This suggests large earnings advantages for tertiary education. On average, adults with a master's, doctoral or equivalent degree earn almost twice as those with upper secondary education across OECD countries, and those with a bachelor's or equivalent degree earn 48% more, while those with a short-cycle tertiary degree earn only about 20% more.
    • Adults with higher qualifications were more likely to report desirable social outcomes, including good or excellent health, participation in volunteer activities, interpersonal trust, and political efficacy.
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    • Across all levels of educational attainment, the gender gap in earnings persists, and although women generally have higher educational attainment, a large gender gap in earnings is seen between male and female full-time workers with tertiary education.
    • Across OECD_countries, tertiary-educated women earn only 73% as much as tertiary-educated men. This gender gap of 27% in earnings for tertiary-educated adults is higher than the gender gap for adults with below upper secondary (24%) and adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (22%).
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    • In a majority of OECD countries, education now begins for most children well before they are 5-years-old. Some 71% of 3-year-olds are enrolled in early childhood education across OECD countries.
    • Based on current patterns, it is estimated that an average of 85% of today's young people in OECD_countries will complete upper secondary education over their lifetime.
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    • Based on current patterns of graduation, an average of 36% of today's young people across OECD countries are expected to graduate from tertiary education at least once before the age of 30.
    • In 2014, a majority of first-time tertiary graduates (72%) earned a bachelor's degree, 12% earned a_master's degree and 16% earned a short-cycle tertiary diploma, on average across OECD countries.
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    • On average, OECD countries spend USD 10 493 per student per year on primary through tertiary educational institutions: USD 8 477 per primary student, USD 9 980 per lower secondary student, USD 9 990 per upper secondary student and USD 15 772 per tertiary student.
    • In 2013, OECD countries spent an average of 5.2% of their gross domestic product (GDP) on educational institutions from primary to tertiary education, ranging from 3.5% in Luxembourg to 6.7% in the United Kingdom.
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    • The average primary school class in OECD countries has 21 students, and this average increases to 23 in lower secondary education. These figures represent a decrease when compared to the OECD_average class sizes in 2005.
    • The difference in average class size between public and private institutions in primary education varies substantially across OECD countries, but is considerably larger in partner countries.
    • There are 15 students per teacher in primary education, on average across OECD countries. The_figure increases to 17 students per teacher, on average, at the tertiary level.
    • On average across OECD countries, pre-primary teachers' actual salaries are 74% of the earnings of a tertiary-educated 25-64 year-old full-time, full-year worker. Primary teachers are paid 81% of these benchmark earnings, lower secondary teachers 85% and upper secondary teachers 89%.
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    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG for more details about the data collections.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.