Explore the OECD's reports or draw from a wide variety of education indicators and data to construct your own, customised country reports, highlighting the facts, developments and outcomes of your choice.

Country

Data profiles:



Diagram of the education system

Click on the diagram to get a PDF version
Key

  • Diagram of education system in country language


  • General methodological notes for ISCED diagrams


  • > Notes on the education system in Poland
    Education system in Poland

    Poland
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • Seven out of ten tertiary-educated adults have a master's degree in Poland compared to three in ten on average across OECD countries. However, their relative earnings compared to a bachelor's degree are lower than in most countries.
  • Strong provision of vocational programmes at upper secondary level contribute to the near universal enrolment of 15-19 year-olds in education in Poland. However spending at this level is among the lowest across OECD countries.
  • Enrolment of 3-5 year-olds in early childhood education and care increased from less than 40% in 2005 to more than 80% in 2017. Although most teachers at this level have a master's degree, they earn 67% as much as their similarly educated peers, one of the lowest rates across OECD countries.
  • Just 26% of adults participated in continuing adult learning and training in Poland in 2016 compared to 47% on average across OECD countries.
  • Profile View

    Select first some countries to compare, choose the charts you wish to display and customise them.

    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Educational outcomes

    Poland has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.1 %, rank 39/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (6.8 %, rank 37/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Poland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (20.5 Years, rank 1/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Poland has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a short-cycle tertiary education degree. (0.2 %, rank 38/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (7.1 %, rank 37/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (6.4 %, rank 40/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (16.9 %, rank 5/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.5 %, rank 5/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (13.8 %, rank 23/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (7.7 %, rank 30/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participating in formal education is low in Poland. (2.3 %, rank 32/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education, a low proportion participate in non-formal education. (4.4 %, rank 32/33 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a low participate in non-formal education. (15.3 %, rank 33/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a low participate in non-formal education. (43.2 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 6-14 year-olds in Poland is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95.5 %, rank 37/41 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Poland is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (92.7 %, rank 7/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland the percentage of young people expected to enter short-cycle tertiary programmes during their lifetimes is comparatively low. (0 %, rank 35/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of part-time students in short-cycle programmes is relatively small. (0 %, rank 23/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of part-time students in master's programmes is relatively large. (39.6 %, rank 8/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of new female entrants into master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is relatively high. (64.6 %, rank 8/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    Poland has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to graduate from short tertiary education programmes during their lifetime. (0 %, rank 31/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The percentage of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (38.9 %, rank 34/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively high. (54.8 %, rank 6/43 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high. (51.6 %, rank 9/41 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (42.1 %, rank 7/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Poland is relatively high. (75.5 %, rank 1/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Poland is relatively large. (18.6 %, rank 3/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.2 %, rank 28/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 30/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (0.4 %, rank 24/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Poland, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (13.7 %, rank 31/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland,the share of male among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics ans statistics is relatively small. (41.8 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland,the share of male among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (59.9 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of male among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (32.4 %, rank 29/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    In Poland, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.2 %, rank 38/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, international students from Latin America and the Caribbean are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 38/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, international students from Europe are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (79.7 %, rank 7/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Poland is relatively low. (9.5 %, rank 28/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Poland is relatively high. (19.8 %, rank 3/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertairy students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Poland is relatively low. (1.9 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Poland is relatively low. (7.3 %, rank 34/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (1.7 %, rank 32/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The total compulsory instruction time for primary and lower secondary student in Poland is among the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6107 Hours, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, total intended instruction time for primary and lower secondary students (in hours per year) is among the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6645 Hours, rank 25/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, compulsory instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (603 Hours, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the intended instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (661 Hours, rank 26/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Poland, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (829 Hours, rank 27/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in in private primary institutions are comparatively small in Poland. (12 Students, rank 31/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively small in Poland. (17 Students, rank 28/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8977 USD Equivalent, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7356 USD Equivalent, rank 28/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6808 USD Equivalent, rank 26/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7124 USD Equivalent, rank 26/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3964 USD Equivalent, rank 16/19 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core and ancillary services, from primary to below-tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6892 USD Equivalent, rank 27/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7270 USD Equivalent, rank 27/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student on research and development in tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1707 USD Equivalent, rank 28/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core, ancillary services and research and development, from tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8977 USD Equivalent, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Poland is comparatively low. (163 USD Equivalent, rank 23/25 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on tertiary education in Poland is comparatively low. (48 USD Equivalent, rank 22/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary educational services on primary to tertiary education in Poland is comparatively low. (137 USD Equivalent, rank 23/25 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Poland, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary, is relatively low. (6892 USD Equivalent, rank 27/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Poland, total public expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (3.5 %, rank 33/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Change in private expenditure on educational institutions for primary to tertiary education between 2010 and 2016 in Poland is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-1.3 % points, rank 24/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (178 Days, rank 24/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (10.7 Ratio, rank 39/41 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff at the upper secondary level is especially low. (10 Ratio, rank 34/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.8 Ratio, rank 31/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The ratio of students to teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary programmes is comparatively low in Poland. (8.6 Ratio, rank 15/18 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (75.2 %, rank 10/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (6.4 %, rank 28/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23096 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20269 USD Equivalent, rank 24/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20269 USD Equivalent, rank 32/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.68 Ratio, rank 15/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.82 Ratio, rank 20/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The ratio of upper secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 Ratio, rank 22/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (32688 USD Equivalent, rank 19/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26428 USD Equivalent, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26428 USD Equivalent, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26428 USD Equivalent, rank 22/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26428 USD Equivalent, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24 USD Equivalent, rank 18/22 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary male teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year men workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.65 Ratio, rank 19/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.76 Ratio, rank 18/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (0.76 Ratio, rank 15/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Poland relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (24859 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Poland. (34626 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (12678 USD Equivalent, rank 37/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (16698 USD Equivalent, rank 33/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (21122 USD Equivalent, rank 34/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (14280 USD Equivalent, rank 36/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (18938 USD Equivalent, rank 32/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (24073 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (16140 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (21639 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (27549 USD Equivalent, rank 31/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for pre-primary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (12678 USD Equivalent, rank 30/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (16698 USD Equivalent, rank 25/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of pre-primary teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (21122 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers less time to progress through the salary scale in Poland compared to other OECD and partner countries. (20 Years, rank 17/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (1.1 Ratio, rank 19/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Upper-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Poland. (1.1 Ratio, rank 20/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average pre-primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (40320 USD Equivalent, rank 14/19 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest in Poland relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (42572 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43561 USD Equivalent, rank 18/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43669 USD Equivalent, rank 19/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (66.7 %, rank 37/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (70.4 %, rank 29/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (1.5 %, rank 36/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is high in Poland. (44.9 %, rank 1/42 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (83 Index, rank 10/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (70.9 %, rank 29/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The proportion of 15-19 year-olds who are neither employed nor in education or training is comparatively small in Poland. (3.5 %, rank 31/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old men neither employed nor in education or training is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3.3 %, rank 34/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old women neither employed nor in education or training is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3.6 %, rank 31/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Migrant background

    The level of below upper secondary attainment among 25-64 year-old foreign-born adults is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.5 %, rank 29/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old native-born people without upper secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.9 %, rank 26/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of native-born aged between 25-64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (41.7 %, rank 29/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of native-born aged between 25 and 34 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (69.6 %, rank 27/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 who are neither employed nor in education and training is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.5 %, rank 23/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (23.8 %, rank 26/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (53.2 %, rank 26/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education who get together with friends at least once a week is one of the lowest in Poland. (21.4 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who get together with friends at least once a week is one of the lowest in Poland. (19.2 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education who get together with friends at least once a week is one of the lowest in Poland. (21.9 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Poland, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (6.2 %, rank 22/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Poland, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (11.5 %, rank 24/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education, a high proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (98.5 %, rank 6/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with below upper secondary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in Poland. (4.5 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in Poland. (11.8 %, rank 28/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in Poland. (25.6 %, rank 24/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is high in Poland. (43.1 %, rank 3/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education are long in Poland compared to other OECD countries. (40.9 Hours/week, rank 4/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (23.8 %, rank 23/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers’ statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click on the coverpage to see the full OECD iLibrary version
    Key
    Country Reviews for Poland

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.