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Diagram of the education system

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Key

  • Diagram of education system in country language


  • General methodological notes for ISCED diagrams


  • Education system in New Zealand

    New Zealand
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • While bachelor programmes are popular among New Zealand students, relatively few go on to take a master's degree. Unusually, a much larger share of bachelor's graduates go on to study for a subsequent qualification below master's level than enrol in a master's programme. These are typically one-year professionally orientated qualifications.
  • A large proportion of 18-24 year-olds in New Zealand are in employment, and more combine work and study than on average across OECD countries. The number of young people neither employed nor in education or training (NEET) is lower than it was 10 years ago.
  • New Zealand spends a comparatively large share of its national wealth on educational institutions. At the same time, at each level of education, a greater share of funding comes from private sources than on average across the OECD.
  • Teachers' statutory salaries in New Zealand rise quickly but they reach the maximum level relatively early in their careers. As a result, teachers' relative earnings decline substantially with age.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Educational outcomes

    In New Zealand, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (29.3 %, rank 3/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of tertiary graduates younger than 30-years-old is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (78.3 %, rank 22/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from vocational programmes in New Zealand is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (32.9 Years, rank 1/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in New Zealand is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (17.5 Years, rank 31/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    In New Zealand, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the largest among countries with available data. (25.4 %, rank 4/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the largest among countries with available data. (33 %, rank 1/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education participating in formal education is high in New Zealand. (8.7 %, rank 5/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education participating in formal education is high in New Zealand. (21.3 %, rank 4/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education, a high proportion participate in non-formal education. (46.1 %, rank 1/33 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a high participate in non-formal education. (73.6 %, rank 5/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer is high in New Zealand, compared to other countries with available data. (78.1 %, rank 7/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in not job-related non-formal education is low in New Zealand, compared to other countries with available data. (13.2 %, rank 26/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in New Zealand is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (80.5 %, rank 30/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of three-year-olds in early childhood education in New Zealand is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95.3 %, rank 10/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in New Zealand is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 4/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the share of part-time students in bachelor's programmes is relatively large. (38.9 %, rank 3/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the share of part-time students in master's programmes is relatively large. (63.4 %, rank 1/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of part-time students in doctoral programmes in New Zealand is relatively large. (42.8 %, rank 8/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    The percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme in New Zealand ranks as one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.3 %, rank 8/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    New Zealand has one of the highest percentages of young people expected to obtain a bachelor's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime. (51.8 %, rank 3/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, the percentage of young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree during their lifetime is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.8 %, rank 27/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, New Zealand has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (3.6 %, rank 25/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, New Zealand has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctorate or an equivalent education during their lifetime. (1.1 %, rank 20/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    In New Zealand, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (25.9 %, rank 34/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in New Zealand is relatively high. (61.3 %, rank 7/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7 %, rank 4/43 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.5 %, rank 35/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (13.2 %, rank 32/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In New Zealand, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (9 %, rank 34/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in New Zealand is relatively low. (8.7 %, rank 34/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    New Zealand has one of the largest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.6 %, rank 3/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11 Students, rank 3/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, international students from North America are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.9 %, rank 5/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, international students from Asia are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (78.9 %, rank 5/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, international students from Oceania are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.8 %, rank 1/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, international students from Africa are lowest represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.4 %, rank 38/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in New Zealand is relatively low. (7.4 %, rank 32/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in New Zealand is relatively low. (7.8 %, rank 28/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law in New Zealand is relatively high. (36.5 %, rank 4/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in New Zealand is relatively low. (11.5 %, rank 28/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11910 USD Equivalent, rank 8/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In New Zealand, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies. (6.4 %, rank 2/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively high. (1.7 %, rank 8/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (4.7 %, rank 9/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (1.7 %, rank 5/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.4 %, rank 5/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (49.4 %, rank 8/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    New Zealand has one of the largest shares of private expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (26.1 %, rank 8/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (13.6 %, rank 4/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, international expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of total expenditure on tertiary education is relatively low. (0 %, rank 25/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively small. (82.6 %, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education is comparatively small. (50.6 %, rank 28/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small. (73.9 %, rank 28/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in early childhood and primary education is one of the highest in New Zealand compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (21 USD Equivalent, rank 9/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in New Zealand compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.9 %, rank 7/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Tuition fees

    In New Zealand, the percentage of students who do not benefit from public/government-guaranteed private loans or public scholarships/grants is comparatively low. (10 %, rank 12/14 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (191 Days, rank 9/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.3 Ratio, rank 28/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (49.8 %, rank 5/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary teachers aged between 30 and 49 is especially low. (49.4 %, rank 30/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in New Zealand. (0.85 Ratio, rank 8/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    It takes lower secondary teachers less time to progress through the salary scale in New Zealand compared to other OECD and partner countries. (7 Years, rank 24/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in New Zealand. (1.38 Ratio, rank 9/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (70675 USD Equivalent, rank 8/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high compared to other OECD and partner countries. (82 %, rank 5/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is one the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (2.2 %, rank 27/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (2.9 %, rank 36/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the smallest in New Zealand, compared to other OECD countries. (28 %, rank 30/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the smallest in New Zealand, compared to other OECD countries. (16.6 %, rank 33/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the smallest in New Zealand, compared to OECD countries. (12.3 %, rank 35/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with below upper secondary education is low in New Zealand. (24.6 %, rank 33/42 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (74.8 %, rank 7/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (48.6 %, rank 4/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively high compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (90 Index, rank 4/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with tertiary education and those with upper secondary education is quite low. (129 Index, rank 36/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old women with tertiary education and those with upper secondary education is quite low. (130 Index, rank 33/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite low. (129 Index, rank 33/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Compared with other OECD and partner countries, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with a short-cycle tertiary education degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (109 Index, rank 25/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The gap in average earnings between 25-64 year-old women with a short-cycle tertiary education degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (102 Index, rank 25/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, the proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old men with a short-cycle tertiary education degree and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is low. (106 Index, rank 27/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The proportion of 25-29 year-olds who are neither employed nor in education or training is comparatively small in New Zealand. (12.3 %, rank 35/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-29 years-old men neither employed nor in education or training is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (7.3 %, rank 37/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Migrant background

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full-time full-year without upper secondary education are low compared to those of native-born workers with the same characteristics (73 Index, rank 18/19 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full- and part-time with tertiary education are low compared to those of native-born with the same characteristics. (83 Index, rank 15/21 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full-time full-year with tertiary education are low compared to those of native-born with the same characteristics. (81 Index, rank 16/19 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 who are neither employed nor in education and training is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.6 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 and who are in education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (41.7 %, rank 27/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (78 %, rank 25/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, a large share of adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (44.4 %, rank 1/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In New Zealand, a large share of adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (56.1 %, rank 2/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a high proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (95.2 %, rank 3/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with below upper secondary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is high in New Zealand. (44 %, rank 3/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is high in New Zealand. (49 %, rank 3/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education, a large share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (53.3 %, rank 7/18 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a large share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (64 %, rank 3/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is high in New Zealand. (29.6 %, rank 9/18 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is high in New Zealand. (43.8 %, rank 2/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education are short in New Zealand compared to other OECD countries. (37.6 Hours/week, rank 19/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education are short in New Zealand compared to other OECD countries. (37.7 Hours/week, rank 23/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education are short in New Zealand compared to other OECD countries. (37.8 Hours/week, rank 24/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
    Visualisations
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers' statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
    Visualisations
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for New Zealand

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.