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Diagram of the education system

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  • Education system in Greece

    Greece
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • Greece has the fourth highest tertiary enrolment rate among OECD countries and has experienced an increase in tertiary education attainment over the last decade.
  • Employment rates increase with educational attainment but are lower than the OECD average. Adults with bachelor's or master's degrees have the the lowest employment rates across all OECD countries.
  • Teachers' statutory salaries have been falling between 2005 and 2018 by almost 30%, while teaching time has increased over the same time period by up to 49%.
  • Expenditure on educational institutions per student is lower than both the OECD and European Union (EU) averages at primary and secondary level.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    In Greece, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. (25.6 %, rank 6/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.8 %, rank 23/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (25.5 Years, rank 19/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from vocational programmes in Greece is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (18.4 Years, rank 29/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Greece is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (17.1 Years, rank 36/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    In Greece, the share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the largest among countries with available data. (23.1 %, rank 6/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the largest among countries with available data. (28 %, rank 6/46 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of educaton is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (7.4 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (18 %, rank 27/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participating in formal education is low in Greece. (2.5 %, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education, a low proportion participate in non-formal education. (2.6 %, rank 33/33 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a low participate in non-formal education. (14 %, rank 35/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a low participate in non-formal education. (24.8 %, rank 35/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer is low in Greece, compared to other countries with available data. (34.8 %, rank 34/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education not sponsored by the employer is high in Greece, compared to other countries with available data. (46.8 %, rank 1/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women participating in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer is small. (30.9 %, rank 34/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Greece, a low proportion of 25-64 year-old men participate in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer. (39.1 %, rank 34/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Greece is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.6 %, rank 7/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the share of part-time students in bachelor's programmes is relatively small. (0 %, rank 30/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the share of part-time students in master's programmes is relatively small. (4.6 %, rank 28/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of part-time students in doctoral programmes in Greece is relatively small. (0 %, rank 23/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    The percentage of female graduates from upper secondary vocational programmes is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (35.9 %, rank 37/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female graduates among post-secondary non-tertiary graduates from vocational programmes in Greece is relatively high. (61.6 %, rank 6/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12.2 %, rank 9/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.6 %, rank 3/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (16.9 %, rank 10/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.7 %, rank 35/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Greece is relatively small. (4.4 %, rank 36/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Greece is relatively small. (13.5 %, rank 38/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Greece is relatively large. (23 %, rank 7/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.2 %, rank 30/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is relatively low. (7.3 %, rank 21/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (6.2 %, rank 20/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.8 %, rank 29/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of education in Greece is relatively low. (4.5 %, rank 35/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of health and welfare in Greece is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 34/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies is relatively small. (18 %, rank 27/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (55.6 %, rank 28/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece,the share of male among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively small. (64.3 %, rank 29/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Greece has a small share of international students graduate from tertiary programmes compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (2.2 %, rank 22/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of international students entering doctoral or equivalent programmes in Greece is relatively small. (0 %, rank 35/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (1.4 %, rank 39/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, international students from North America are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.7 %, rank 39/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, international students from Latin America and the Caribbean are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 38/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Greece is relatively high. (19.5 %, rank 5/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Greece is relatively high. (14.5 %, rank 8/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law in Greece is relatively low. (14.3 %, rank 30/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertairy students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Greece is relatively high. (9.9 %, rank 10/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of business, administration and law is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.4 %, rank 31/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 30/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 29/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of Information and communication technologies is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 27/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 29/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students in Greece is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2374 Hours, rank 34/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Greece, the intended instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the longest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1144 Hours, rank 2/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Greece, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (791 Hours, rank 35/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for lower secondary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (166 Days, rank 35/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in public primary institutions are comparatively small in Greece. (17 Students, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5697 USD Equivalent, rank 27/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5973 USD Equivalent, rank 29/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6779 USD Equivalent, rank 28/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Greece, expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively low. (1.5 %, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Greece, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively low. (3.2 %, rank 31/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9.5 %, rank 24/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Greece, total public expenditure on secondary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (2.9 %, rank 38/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in Greece compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (5.4 %, rank 37/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in pre-primary school is especially low. (177 Days, rank 25/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (178 Days, rank 24/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of pupils per teacher in pre-primary schools is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.4 Ratio, rank 24/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education (bachelor's, master's, doctorate or equivalent education) is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34.3 %, rank 25/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34.3 %, rank 35/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (64.6 %, rank 26/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (1 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (0.4 %, rank 34/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially low. (3.9 %, rank 32/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially high. (48.1 %, rank 4/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24806 USD Equivalent, rank 27/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with minimum qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24806 USD Equivalent, rank 28/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.83 Ratio, rank 19/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28292 USD Equivalent, rank 20/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26198 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26198 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a pre-primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26198 USD Equivalent, rank 23/27 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (26198 USD Equivalent, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The ratio of lower secondary female teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year women workers with tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.94 Ratio, rank 18/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary of 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28072 USD Equivalent, rank 19/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28664 USD Equivalent, rank 19/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Greece. (0.57 Ratio, rank 22/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 35-44 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Greece. (0.71 Ratio, rank 18/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Greece. (0.74 Ratio, rank 17/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Greece relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (14963 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Greece. (23274 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Greece. (28247 USD Equivalent, rank 19/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Greece. (32928 USD Equivalent, rank 19/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    The salary progression from the start to the top of the salary scale for a lower secondary school teacher is among the most rewarding among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.96 Ratio, rank 8/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (19825 USD Equivalent, rank 30/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of primary school teachers with minimum training at the top of scale are especially low. (36395 USD Equivalent, rank 25/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (19825 USD Equivalent, rank 30/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (22397 USD Equivalent, rank 29/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Salaries of upper secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (22397 USD Equivalent, rank 29/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    It takes lower secondary teachers longer to progress through the salary scale in Greece compared to other OECD and partner countries. (36 Years, rank 4/25 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Greece. (1.02 Ratio, rank 18/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Greece. (1.15 Ratio, rank 14/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Upper-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Greece. (1.15 Ratio, rank 18/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average pre-primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34751 USD Equivalent, rank 15/19 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average primary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest in Greece relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (34751 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (39331 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average upper-secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (39331 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Employment and educational attainment

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (67 %, rank 36/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (73 %, rank 44/44 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (82.4 %, rank 41/41 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (89.7 %, rank 30/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The employment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a general upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low compared to other OECD and partner countries. (58.4 %, rank 38/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a short-cycle tertiary education degree is one the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (0.7 %, rank 31/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (9.3 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (16.9 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (73.8 %, rank 1/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (9.5 %, rank 31/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (17.7 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (10.9 %, rank 30/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Greece, compared to other OECD countries. (19.7 %, rank 31/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Greece, compared to OECD countries. (69.5 %, rank 1/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (53.7 %, rank 22/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (38.4 %, rank 24/28 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (20.3 %, rank 23/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (51 %, rank 24/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (31.6 %, rank 23/28 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (70 Index, rank 32/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite low. (132 Index, rank 30/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (69.9 %, rank 34/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the highest among countries with available data. (78.7 %, rank 9/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old women neither employed nor in education or training is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (8.7 %, rank 10/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Migrant background

    The proportion of 25-34 year-old foreign-born people who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18 %, rank 28/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (56.1 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (53.6 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of native-born aged between 25-64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (72.7 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of native-born aged between 25 and 34 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (59.9 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 in education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (29.6 %, rank 25/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 who are neither employed nor in education and training is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (36 %, rank 1/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 and who are not in education and employed is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34.4 %, rank 27/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of native-born aged between 15 and 29 who are not in education and employed is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.6 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of native-born 15-29 year-olds neither employed nor in education and training is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.8 %, rank 2/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (35.3 %, rank 24/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (59.1 %, rank 25/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education, a low proportion participated in any cultural or sporting activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (77.6 %, rank 26/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    In Greece, a small share of adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education participated in formal voluntary activities in the 12 months prior to the survey. (16.7 %, rank 22/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a high proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (95.1 %, rank 5/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with below upper secondary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in Greece. (10.6 %, rank 25/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is high in Greece. (46.9 %, rank 5/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a large share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (60.4 %, rank 7/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is high in Greece. (42.1 %, rank 6/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education are long in Greece compared to other OECD countries. (44.2 Hours/week, rank 2/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (15.5 %, rank 26/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (17.9 %, rank 27/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
    Visualisations
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
    Click the arrow sign next to the title: arrows to display other variables
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers’ statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Country Reviews for Greece

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.