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Diagram of the education system

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  • Diagram of education system in country language


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  • Education system in France

    France
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • Students transition quickly between upper secondary and tertiary education in France: over 50% of 19-20-year-olds were already enrolled in tertiary education in 2017 compared to 37% on average across OECD countries.
  • Students enrolled in short-cycle tertiary programmes (DUT and BTS) are more likely to complete their qualifications than students enrolled in a bachelor's programme (completion rate of 61% compared to 41%).
  • Despite a decrease among 3-5-year-olds since 2014, the ratio of children to teaching staff at pre-primary level was still high in 2017 (23 children per teacher compared to an average of 16 across OECD countries).
  • Despite a slight increase between 2015 and 2018, the statutory salary of primary teachers in France is still below the OECD average. The difference is particularly high for those in the middle of their careers.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Educational outcomes

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in France is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (17.2 Years, rank 33/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of educaton is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3.2 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of business, administration and law is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (30.7 %, rank 4/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (5.5 %, rank 5/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education participating in formal education is low in France. (0.5 %, rank 24/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education participating in formal education is low in France. (2.6 %, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education participating in formal education is low in France. (6 %, rank 32/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Among adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a high participate in non-formal education. (70.2 %, rank 7/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer is low in France, compared to other countries with available data. (63.9 %, rank 29/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in not job-related non-formal education is high in France, compared to other countries with available data. (25.4 %, rank 1/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of three-year-olds in early childhood education in France is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (99.9 %, rank 3/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the percentage of 25-64 year-old who participate in formal education is relatively low. (1.5 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in France is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 36/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the average age of new entrants into doctoral programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (28.2 Years, rank 34/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    In France, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively high. (51.1 %, rank 10/41 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.2 %, rank 43/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34.7 %, rank 3/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8 %, rank 6/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of education in France is relatively small. (1.3 %, rank 42/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in France is relatively large. (14 %, rank 10/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in France is relatively large. (42.8 %, rank 1/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of health and welfare in France is relatively small. (3 %, rank 42/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of business, aministration and law is relatively low. (7.5 %, rank 20/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively low. (2.7 %, rank 22/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the percentage of post-secondary non-tertiary vocational graduates in the field of services is relatively low. (0.5 %, rank 25/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In France, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of education is relatively low. (3.7 %, rank 35/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is relatively low. (2.5 %, rank 31/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.5 %, rank 32/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of education in France is relatively low. (3.9 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in France is relatively low. (2.5 %, rank 33/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of education is relatively small. (55.4 %, rank 30/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of health and welfare is relatively small. (45.3 %, rank 32/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    France is one of the most attractive destinations to foreign students compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.8 %, rank 5/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In France, international students from Africa are highest represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (43.4 %, rank 2/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in France is relatively high. (16 %, rank 9/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law in France is relatively high. (30.4 %, rank 8/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertairy students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in France is relatively high. (12.1 %, rank 6/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The number of instruction days per year for lower secondary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (162 Days, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of instruction days per year for primary students is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (162 Days, rank 37/37 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively large in France. (26 Students, rank 5/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    The salary cost of primary teachers per students (as a percentage of GDP per capita) in France is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.3 %, rank 27/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salary cost of upper secondary teachers per students (as a percentage of GDP per capita) in France is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.8 %, rank 12/16 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (12100 USD Equivalent, rank 10/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.6 %, rank 27/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In France, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (8.4 %, rank 31/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In France, total public expenditure on primary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively low. (2 %, rank 33/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure on all children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in early childhood and primary education is one of the lowest in France compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (7 USD Equivalent, rank 26/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively low in France compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (6.2 %, rank 32/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in pre-primary school is especially low. (162 Days, rank 28/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in primary school is especially low. (162 Days, rank 35/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (19.6 Ratio, rank 8/41 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (89.4 %, rank 38/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (40.3 %, rank 17/18 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.79 Ratio, rank 10/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in France. (0.96 Ratio, rank 10/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the highest in France. (54444 USD Equivalent, rank 6/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively high. (2.12 Ratio, rank 9/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Primary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in France. (1.03 Ratio, rank 17/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in France. (1.36 Ratio, rank 10/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (70116 USD Equivalent, rank 9/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in France, compared to other OECD countries. (16.2 %, rank 26/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in France, compared to other OECD countries. (55.6 %, rank 9/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in France, compared to other OECD countries. (25.5 %, rank 26/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively high. (35.8 %, rank 5/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (23.8 %, rank 26/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (30.4 %, rank 26/28 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (25-64 year-olds with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (78.5 %, rank 29/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Migrant background

    The employment rate of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 and without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (48.5 %, rank 25/27 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (73.1 %, rank 27/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The employment rate of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (62.5 %, rank 29/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full- and part-time with tertiary education are high compared to those of native-born with the same characteristics. (98 Index, rank 7/21 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 and who are in education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (35.9 %, rank 30/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of native-born 15-29 year-olds neither employed nor in education and training is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (14 %, rank 8/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education, a low proportion have someone to ask for moral, material or financial help. (88.5 %, rank 20/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with below upper secondary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in France. (13.2 %, rank 23/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in France. (17.8 %, rank 26/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Compared to other countries with available data, the percentage of adults (25-64 years old) with tertiary education who actively participate in social media on a daily basis is low in France. (18.7 %, rank 29/29 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education, a large share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (58.1 %, rank 5/18 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with tertiary education, a large share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (62 %, rank 5/32 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is low in France. (17.9 %, rank 15/18 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education are short in France compared to other OECD countries. (34.7 Hours/week, rank 24/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education are short in France compared to other OECD countries. (37.4 Hours/week, rank 24/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Weekly working hours among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education are short in France compared to other OECD countries. (38.3 Hours/week, rank 19/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (16.7 %, rank 23/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers' statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for France

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.