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Diagram of the education system

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  • Education system in Chile

    Chile
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • Chile has one of the smallest shares of tertiary-educated adults across OECD countries. However, those who do attain a higher education enjoy above-average labour-market benefits.
  • Chile devotes 1.2% of its gross domestic product (GDP) to financing ECEC, one of the largest shares across OECD countries. Although enrolment in early childhood education and care (ECEC) has been increasing in recent years in Chile, it is still lower than on average across OECD countries.
  • The teaching workforce is young in Chile but working conditions are difficult: student-teacher ratios and statutory working hours are among the highest across OECD countries from pre-primary to upper secondary levels. This may discourage individuals from entering and remaining in the profession.
  • Chile's total expenditure per student on primary to tertiary educational institutions is low and alarge share of it is covered by private sources, particularly at tertiary level.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

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    Educational outcomes

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old men who have attained a vocational degree at the upper secondary or post-secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8.8 %, rank 29/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of tertiary graduates younger than 30-years-old is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (76.9 %, rank 25/26 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from vocational programmes in Chile is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data (17.8 Years, rank 34/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Chile is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (19 Years, rank 10/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by field of education

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of humanities (except languages), social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (4.4 %, rank 28/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (8 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of law is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (3 %, rank 10/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (1.3 %, rank 32/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (19.8 %, rank 6/32 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education who studied in the field of health (medical and dental) is one of the lowest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (2.8 %, rank 12/14 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with below upper secondary education participating in formal education is low in Chile. (2.8 %, rank 16/24 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 years-old adults with tertiary education participating in formal education is high in Chile. (29.7 %, rank 1/36 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Participation rate of 25-64 year-olds in job-related non-formal education not sponsored by the employer is high in Chile, compared to other countries with available data. (15.2 %, rank 5/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women participating in job-related non-formal education sponsored by the employer is small. (56.2 %, rank 30/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, a low proportion of 25-64 year-old men participate in not job-related non-formal education. (6.9 %, rank 31/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of three-year-olds in early childhood education in Chile is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (58.5 %, rank 31/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the average age of new entrants into master's long first degree (LFD) programmes is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (19.3 Years, rank 19/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the percentage of tertiary students enrolled in private institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (84.4 %, rank 4/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    The percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from a doctoral or equivalent programme in Chile ranks as one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.3 %, rank 33/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Chile has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to obtain a master's or an equivalent degree before the age of 30. (6.3 %, rank 23/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Chile has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctorate or an equivalent education during their lifetime. (0.2 %, rank 28/29 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Excluding mobile students, Chile has one of the lowest percentages of young people expected to complete a doctoral or an equivalent education before the age of 30. (0.1 %, rank 26/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    In Chile, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is relatively low. (40 %, rank 32/41 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.3 %, rank 42/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4 %, rank 44/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.3 %, rank 43/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (21.7 %, rank 3/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of arts and humaties in Chile is relatively large. (14.9 %, rank 8/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law in Chile is relatively small. (2.9 %, rank 44/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Chile is relatively large. (36.6 %, rank 4/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.1 %, rank 33/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    In Chile, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is relatively low. (4.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is relatively low. (3.8 %, rank 35/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the percentage of new entrants to tertiary education in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively low. (1.7 %, rank 34/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (50.9 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (11.5 %, rank 31/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of female who enter tertiary education in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.2 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Chile is relatively low. (4.2 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Chile is relatively low. (4.6 %, rank 37/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertairy students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Chile is relatively low. (1.9 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of education is relatively small. (57.2 %, rank 29/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of female among new entrants to doctoral programmes enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is relatively small. (40 %, rank 30/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Chile has a small share of international students graduate from tertiary programmes compared to other OECD countries and partner economies. (0.2 %, rank 27/27 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Chile has one of the smallest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.4 %, rank 41/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Chile is one of the least attractive destinations to foreign students compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.1 %, rank 37/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 38/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, international students from North America are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.6 %, rank 40/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, international students from Latin America and the Caribbean are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (87.6 %, rank 2/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, international students from Asia are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.8 %, rank 42/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, international students from Europe are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.5 %, rank 36/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, international students from Oceania are least represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 41/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, international students from Africa are lowest represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.8 %, rank 42/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the proportion of new international entrants into master's long first degreee (LFD) programmes is relatively low. (0.7 %, rank 18/20 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Chile is relatively low. (5.3 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Chile is relatively low. (7 %, rank 33/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of business, administration and law in Chile is relatively high. (32.8 %, rank 6/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 35/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.5 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.6 %, rank 35/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of business, administration and law is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.6 %, rank 34/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (1.2 %, rank 35/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 34/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.2 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of services is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 33/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 33/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 29/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of health and welfare is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 %, rank 29/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    The total compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students in Chile is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2103 Hours, rank 36/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Chile, total intended instruction time for lower secondary students is among the shortest compared to other countries with available data. (2103 Hours, rank 29/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the intended instruction time for primary students, in hours per year, is one of the longest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1008 Hours, rank 5/29 , 2019) Download Indicator

    In Chile, compulsory instruction time for lower secondary students, in hours per year, is one of the longest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1052 Hours, rank 6/36 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The number of grades that are part of compulsory lower secondary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2 Years, rank 38/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    The theoretical duration of primary and lower secondary education, in years, is one of the shortest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (8 Years, rank 34/38 , 2019) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively large in Chile. (29 Students, rank 4/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively large in Chile. (31 Students, rank 2/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Resources for education

    The salary cost of upper secondary teachers per students (in USD) in Chile is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1841 USD Equivalent, rank 12/16 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student

    Annual expenditure per tertiary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (9769 USD Equivalent, rank 29/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student from primary to tertiary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6613 USD Equivalent, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per pupil at the pre-primary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6599 USD Equivalent, rank 22/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per primary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5371 USD Equivalent, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per secondary student is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5278 USD Equivalent, rank 32/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core and ancillary services, from primary to below-tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (5324 USD Equivalent, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student on research and development in tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (498 USD Equivalent, rank 32/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Annual expenditure per student for core, ancillary services and R&D, from primary to tertiary institutions is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (6613 USD Equivalent, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education in Chile is comparatively low. (4931 USD Equivalent, rank 27/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for core educational services on primary to tertiary education in Chile is comparatively low. (6170 USD Equivalent, rank 24/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary services on tertiary education in Chile is comparatively low. (66 USD Equivalent, rank 21/26 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student for ancillary educational services on primary to tertiary education in Chile is comparatively low. (298 USD Equivalent, rank 22/25 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure per student on research and development for primary to tertiary education in Chile is comparatively low. (144 USD Equivalent, rank 32/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary, is relatively low. (5324 USD Equivalent, rank 31/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Excluding R&D activities, the total expenditure on educational institutions per full-time equivalent student in primary to tertiary, is relatively low in Chile. (6468 USD Equivalent, rank 28/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Chile, expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies. (6.3 %, rank 3/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, expenditure on tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of GDP is comparatively high. (2.7 %, rank 1/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (2.4 %, rank 1/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    The share of private expenditure on pre-primary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18 %, rank 10/31 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on all levels below tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (17.2 %, rank 6/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of private expenditure on tertiary education is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (64.2 %, rank 4/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Chile has one of the largest shares of private expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (37.3 %, rank 1/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (17.4 %, rank 1/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Change in private expenditure on educational institutions for primary to tertiary education between 2010 and 2016 in Chile is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (-6.3 % points, rank 27/27 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively small. (82.8 %, rank 30/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for tertiary education is comparatively small. (35.8 %, rank 32/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    In Chile, the share of public expenditure on educational institutions, for primary to tertiary education is comparatively small. (62.7 %, rank 35/35 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Chile compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (12 %, rank 2/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Tuition fees

    In Chile, the percentage of students who do not benefit from public/government-guaranteed private loans or public scholarships/grants is comparatively high. (38 %, rank 7/14 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in pre-primary school is especially low. (178 Days, rank 24/28 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially low. (178 Days, rank 24/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (19.8 Ratio, rank 7/41 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (20.9 Ratio, rank 6/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers younger than 30 is especially high. (20.9 %, rank 2/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (26.2 %, rank 30/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (25.6 %, rank 29/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.89 Ratio, rank 6/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, an upper secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34 USD Equivalent, rank 29/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a primary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33 USD Equivalent, rank 27/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher can expect to have one of the lowest salaries per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33 USD Equivalent, rank 27/30 , 2018) Download Indicator

    After 15 years of experience, a lower secondary teacher with typical qualification can expect to have one of the lowest salaries among OECD and partner countries with available data. (34577 USD Equivalent, rank 25/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in Chile. (0.99 Ratio, rank 8/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in Chile. (1.03 Ratio, rank 3/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Chile relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (27506 USD Equivalent, rank 17/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Chile. (42211 USD Equivalent, rank 15/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Salaries of lower secondary teachers with minimum training after 10 years of experience are especially low. (29318 USD Equivalent, rank 25/34 , 2018) Download Indicator

    In lower secondary education, the salary ratio of teachers with maximum qualifications at the top of the salary scale to those with minimum training and starting salaries is comparatively high. (2.68 Ratio, rank 6/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Principals' salaries

    Lower-secondary school heads' salaries relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is high in Chile. (1.44 Ratio, rank 6/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average lower secondary school heads' actual salary is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (52922 USD Equivalent, rank 17/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the largest in Chile, compared to other OECD countries. (73.2 %, rank 2/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the smallest in Chile, compared to other OECD countries. (3.4 %, rank 37/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Chile, compared to other OECD countries. (24.1 %, rank 26/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the smallest in Chile, compared to other OECD countries. (2.9 %, rank 37/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the largest in Chile, compared to other OECD countries. (67.9 %, rank 2/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 3 months to less than 12 months is one of the smallest in Chile, compared to other OECD countries. (25.4 %, rank 28/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the smallest in Chile, compared to OECD countries. (6.8 %, rank 37/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The inactivity rate of 25-34 years-old adults with tertiary education is low in Chile. (7.8 %, rank 35/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (39 %, rank 27/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 without upper secondary education is comparatively low. (16.7 %, rank 27/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (52.1 %, rank 29/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is comparatively low. (29.9 %, rank 24/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of male full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (55.4 %, rank 29/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 35 to 44 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (44.6 %, rank 25/29 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (68 Index, rank 35/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (69 Index, rank 31/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite high. (241 Index, rank 2/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (67.8 %, rank 33/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings by field of education

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of education are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Chile. (73 %, rank 12/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of arts and humanities, social sciences, journalism and information are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Chile. (67.1 %, rank 13/14 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of business, administration and law are high, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Chile. (107.2 %, rank 10/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics are high, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Chile. (104.5 %, rank 10/14 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT) are low, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Chile. (99.5 %, rank 15/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Earnings of tertiary-educated adults who studied in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction are high, compared to earnings of all tertiary-educated adults in Chile. (124.5 %, rank 3/15 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The proportion of 15-19 year-olds who are neither employed nor in education or training is comparatively large in Chile. (11.7 %, rank 8/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old men neither employed nor in education or training is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (9.9 %, rank 9/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old women neither employed nor in education or training is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (13.6 %, rank 8/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Migrant background

    The proportion of 25-64 year-old native-born people who have attained tertiary education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22.2 %, rank 28/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full- and part-time with tertiary education are high compared to those of native-born with the same characteristics. (101 Index, rank 5/21 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full- and part-time workers with upper secondary or post-secondary non tertiary education are low compared to those of native-born with the same characteristics. (66 Index, rank 19/21 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of foreign-born aged between 25 and 64 who work full-time full-year with upper secondary or post-secondary non tertiary education are low compared to those of native-born with the same characteristics. (66 Index, rank 18/19 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The percentage of foreign-born aged between 15 and 29 in education is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.3 %, rank 28/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The percentage of native-born 15-29 year-olds neither employed nor in education and training is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18 %, rank 5/30 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Social outcomes

    Among employed adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education, a small share have difficulties to fulfill their family responsabilities because of their jobs, compared to other countries with available data. (30.3 %, rank 17/18 , 2015) Download Indicator

    The proportion of employed adults (25-64 years-old) with below upper secondary education who have concentration difficulties at work because of family responsabilities is low in Chile. (17.9 %, rank 15/18 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with below upper secondary education, a large share have high flexibility of working hours. (25.4 %, rank 10/28 , 2015) Download Indicator

    Among employed 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education, a small share have high flexibility of working hours. (26.7 %, rank 21/28 , 2015) Download Indicator


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    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers' statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Chile

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.