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Diagram of the education system

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  • Diagram of education system in country language


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  • Education system in Brazil

    Brazil
    Overview of the education system (EAG 2019)
  • About 33% of students who enter a bachelor's programme in Brazil graduate within the programme's theoretical duration, below the average of 39% for countries with available data. The completion rate after three additional years increases to 50%, still below the average of 67%.
  • Young women in Brazil are 42% more likely to have attained tertiary education than men, although they are less likely to be employed.
  • Although Brazil spends an above-average percentage of its gross domestic product (GDP) on education, spending per student on primary to upper secondary levels is well below the OECD average.
  • Enrolment of children under the age of three in early childhood education has increased considerably, from 10% in 2012 to 23% in 2017, although it remains below the OECD average of 36%.
  • Average teachers' salaries in Brazil are lower than in most OECD countries in purchasing power parity terms, and at least 13% lower than the average earnings of tertiary-educated workers in the country.
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    The following list displays indicators for which your selected country shows the highest and lowest values among countries. The list can be sorted by level of education or by age group. All rankings are calculated including available data from OECD and partner countries. Find out more about the methodology here.

    Show indicators for which your country ranks among the top or bottom: Sort by:

    Educational outcomes

    Brazil has one of the lowest percentages of 25-64 year-olds whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.6 %, rank 41/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The proportion of 25-64 year-olds who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest among countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 33/36 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of first-time graduates in vocational programmes at upper secondary level is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (7.9 %, rank 31/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average age of upper secondary graduates from general programmes in Brazil is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data (19 Years, rank 10/38 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Attainment by gender

    Brazil has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old men whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.6 %, rank 41/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Brazil has one of the smallest shares of 25-64 year-old women whose highest education level is a master's or equivalent tertiary education degree. (0.6 %, rank 40/43 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old men who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The share of 25-64 year-old women who attained a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the smallest among countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 33/35 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Participation in education

    The enrolment rate among 15-19 year-olds in Brazil is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (66.9 %, rank 36/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The enrolment rate of 40-64 year-olds in Brazil is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.6 %, rank 7/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of tertiary students enrolled in private institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (73.3 %, rank 8/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation expectancy

    The percentage of young people expected to graduate from vocational programmes in upper secondary education during their lifetimes in Brazil is comparatively low (5.4 %, rank 33/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of today's young people expected to graduate from upper secondary education before turning 25 is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (60.8 %, rank 28/30 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by gender

    In Brazil, the share of female doctoral graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is relatively high. (44.7 %, rank 3/42 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Graduation by field of education

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of arts and humanities is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (3.2 %, rank 43/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.7 %, rank 43/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (33.5 %, rank 4/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of tertiary graduates in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (2.8 %, rank 38/44 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of doctoral graduates in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Brazil is relatively small. (15.2 %, rank 36/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (18 %, rank 29/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the proportion of upper secondary vocational graduates in the field of services is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.2 %, rank 32/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Fields of education

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Brazil is relatively low. (2.5 %, rank 37/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Brazil is relatively low. (5.1 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertairy students enrolled in the field of natural sciences, mathematics and statistics in Brazil is relatively low. (2.7 %, rank 34/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility

    Brazil has one of the smallest proportion of international or foreign students enrolled in tertiary education among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.2 %, rank 43/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of national tertiary students enrolled abroad in Brazil is relatively low. (0.6 %, rank 42/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the number of international or foreign students per national student abroad is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0 Students, rank 38/46 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students enrolled in doctoral or equivalent programmes is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (2.4 %, rank 37/39 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, international students from Latin America and the Caribbean are most represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (47.3 %, rank 5/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, international students from Africa are highest represented among all international students, compared to other OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.8 %, rank 6/45 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Student mobility by field of education

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of arts and humanities in Brazil is relatively low. (7.6 %, rank 31/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of social sciences, journalism and information in Brazil is relatively low. (7.7 %, rank 29/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of international tertiary students enrolled in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction in Brazil is relatively high. (22 %, rank 4/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.1 %, rank 37/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of arts and humanities is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.7 %, rank 35/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of business, administration and law is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.1 %, rank 35/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of Natural sciences, mathematics and statistics is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.7 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of information and communication technologies is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.3 %, rank 34/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of engineering, manufacturing and construction is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 35/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of health and welfare is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.2 %, rank 36/37 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the share of international and foreign students among all students in the field of services is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with avaialble data. (0.4 %, rank 32/36 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of social sciences, journalism and information is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (4.3 %, rank 30/33 , 2017) Download Indicator

    In Brazil, the percentage of international doctoral graduates in the field of business, administration and law is one of the lowest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (1.6 %, rank 27/32 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Organisation of the education system

    Classes in lower secondary public institutions are comparatively large in Brazil. (28 Students, rank 6/34 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Classes in lower secondary private institutions are comparatively large in Brazil. (24 Students, rank 6/32 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Expenditure in education and national wealth

    In Brazil, public expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP on primary to tertiary education from final source of funds is relatively high. (5.1 %, rank 6/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Public and private expenditure in education

    In Brazil, total public expenditure on primary through tertiary educational institutions as a percentage of total public expenditure is comparatively high. (14 %, rank 3/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Total public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, for primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education is relatively high in Brazil compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (10.5 %, rank 4/39 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Teachers

    The number of days of instruction in a school year in lower secondary school is especially high. (200 Days, rank 3/33 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Ratio of student to teaching staff

    The number of students per teacher in tertiary institutions is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.6 Ratio, rank 4/30 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in primary schools is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner countries with available data. (24.3 Ratio, rank 4/41 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The number of students per teacher in secondary schools is one of the largest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (24.6 Ratio, rank 5/38 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Who the teachers are

    The share of women among teaching staff in pre-primary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (95 %, rank 31/40 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (46.9 %, rank 14/18 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The share of women among teaching staff in short-cycle tertiary education is one of the smallest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (44.5 %, rank 16/20 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (21.2 %, rank 31/35 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of lower secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (22.8 %, rank 31/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (24.3 %, rank 32/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The percentage of primary to upper secondary teachers older than 50 is especially low. (22.6 %, rank 32/34 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries

    The ratio of pre-primary teachers' salaries to earnings of full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education is one of the highest among OECD and partner countries with available data. (0.82 Ratio, rank 9/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual pre-primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22544 USD Equivalent, rank 20/25 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual primary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22987 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual lower secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23526 USD Equivalent, rank 26/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual upper secondary teacher's salary among teachers aged between 25-64 is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23890 USD Equivalent, rank 27/28 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary of 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (23765 USD Equivalent, rank 22/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salary 25-64 year-old lower secondary teachers is one of the lowest per hour of net teaching time among OECD and partner countries with available data. (22974 USD Equivalent, rank 23/24 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 25-34 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Brazil. (0.88 Ratio, rank 15/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The salaries of 55-64 year-old general lower-secondary teachers relative to earnings for full-time, full-year similarly educated workers with tertiary education is low in Brazil. (0.75 Ratio, rank 16/22 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 25-34 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil relatively compared to OECD and partner countries with available data. (18453 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 35-44 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (22077 USD Equivalent, rank 23/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 45-54 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (27538 USD Equivalent, rank 20/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    The average actual salaries of 55-64 year-old lower-secondary teachers is one of the lowest in Brazil. (29108 USD Equivalent, rank 21/23 , 2017) Download Indicator

    Teachers' salaries progression

    Starting salaries for teachers with minimum training in primary education are especially low. (14775 USD Equivalent, rank 33/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for lower secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (14775 USD Equivalent, rank 34/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Starting salaries for upper secondary teachers with minimum training are especially low. (14775 USD Equivalent, rank 35/37 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Unemployment and educational attainment

    The unemployment rate among 25-64 year-olds with a doctoral or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the lowest of all OECD countries and partner economies for which data are available. (1.6 %, rank 18/21 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64, with below upper secondary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the largest in Brazil, compared to other OECD countries. (32.9 %, rank 9/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for less than 3 months is one of the smallest in Brazil, compared to other OECD countries. (22.9 %, rank 28/31 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Among the unemployed population aged between 25 and 64 with tertiary education, the share of those who have been unemployed for at least 12 months is one of the largest in Brazil, compared to OECD countries. (47.2 %, rank 5/38 , 2018) Download Indicator

    Earnings and educational attainment

    The proportion of female full-time earners among all earners aged 55 to 64 with tertiary education is comparatively low. (30.3 %, rank 24/28 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of men without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of men with an upper secondary education. (64 Index, rank 36/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of women without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of women with an upper secondary education. (68 Index, rank 35/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The earnings of adults without an upper secondary education are relatively low compared to those of adults with an upper secondary or a post-secondary non-tertiary education. (62 Index, rank 36/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    The proportional difference in earnings between 25-64 year-old adults with tertiary education and those with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education is quite high. (244 Index, rank 1/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds without an upper secondary education with income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (69.1 %, rank 35/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with upper secondary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (65.2 %, rank 36/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Earnings of women as a percentage of men's earnings (among 25-64 year-olds with tertiary education and income from employment) are one of the lowest among countries with available data. (65.3 %, rank 37/37 , 2016) Download Indicator

    Neither in education nor employed

    The proportion of 15-19 year-olds who are neither employed nor in education or training is comparatively large in Brazil. (18.7 %, rank 2/40 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old men neither employed nor in education or training is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (15.9 %, rank 2/39 , 2018) Download Indicator

    The percentage of 15-19 years-old women neither employed nor in education or training is one of the highest among OECD countries and partner economies with available data. (21.6 %, rank 2/40 , 2018) Download Indicator


    The data table will display up to six selected countries.
    General findings
    • In 2018, 44% of 25-34 year-olds held a tertiary degree, compared to 35% in 2008, on average across OECD countries.
    • Tertiary-educated adults also reap higher earnings, although this varies by field of study. Their advantage increases with age too: 25-34 year-olds with tertiary education earn 38% more than their peers with upper secondary education while 45-54 year-olds earn 70% more.
    • While engineering, manufacturing and construction, and information and communication technologies are two fields most commonly associated with the best labour market outcomes, only 14% of graduates earned a degree in the former and 4% earned a degree in the latter in 2017.
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    • Although graduation from upper secondary education increased by 6 percentage points between 2005 and 2017, 15% of 25-34 year-olds did not attain upper secondary education in 2018, on average across OECD countries.
    • In some countries, vocational programmes are prominent at the upper secondary level. On average across OECD countries, 40% of first-time upper secondary graduates earned a vocational qualification in 2017; in Austria, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, more than 66% of this population did.
    • At the lower secondary level, the average class shrank by 6% while teachers' statutory salaries increased by 8% between 2005 and 2017, on average across OECD countries.
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    • In 2017, more than one in three children under the age of three were enrolled in early childhood education and care services, on average across OECD countries - an increase of 7 percentage points compared to 2010.
    • Between the age of 3 to 5, on average across OECD countries, 87% of children are enrolled in pre-primary and primary education.
    • Annual expenditure per child in early childhood development programmes was greater than in pre-primary education in 2016 on average across OECD countries. However, as a share of GDP, expenditure on early childhood development is lower.
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    • In 2016, expenditure per tertiary student amounted to USD 15 556, approximately one-third of which was devoted to research and development.
    • Private sources financed more than 30% of the expenditure, on average, at the tertiary level compared to 10% at primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level.
    • OECD countries spent an average of 3.5% of GDP on primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary institutions in 2016, and public expenditure at this level increased by 18% since 2005.
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    • About 10% of primary and secondary teachers are under the age of 30, on average across OECD countries.
    • While the teaching profession is dominated by women, the share of female teachers decreases with the level of education taught: almost all teachers at the pre-primary level are women, however they make up less than half of the teaching force at tertiary level.
    • Salaries tend to increase with the level of education taught, but teachers' earnings remain between 78% and 93% of the earnings of other tertiary-educated adults.
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    Key
    Country Reviews for Brazil

    Note: These values should be interpreted with care since they are influenced by countries' specific contexts and trade-offs. In education, there is often no simple most- or least-efficient model. For instance, the share of private expenditure in education must be read against other measures designed to mitigate inequities, such as loans and grants; longer learning time is an opportunity to convey more and better content to students, but may hinder investments in other important areas. If you want further information on the nature of different variables, please take the time to read the analysis and contextual information, available at the website for each publication.
    All rankings for individual variables are compiled on the basis of OECD and G20 countries for which data are available. The OECD average includes only OECD countries which are listed here: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/

    *TALIS averages are based on all countries participating in the TALIS survey, including partner countries and economies. This explains the difference between the OECD average and the TALIS average. Data from the TALIS survey and Education at a Glance (EAG) may differ. See Annex E of the TALIS technical report and Annex 3 of EAG 2019 for more details about the data collections.

    B-S-J-Z (China) refers to the four PISA-participating provinces/municipalities of the People's Republic of China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

    For additional notes, please refer to annexes in the list of links below the introductory country profile text.